In Grammar By Victoria

Zero article in English

In addition we know indefinite and definite article, there is also a zero article in the English language (zero article). What is Zero article and when is it used? In fact, the zero article is the lack of the article as such before the noun. This article, which, in principle, should be according to the rules, but because of the circumstances it is not necessary. When we drop the article or consume zero article in the English language?

Zero article in English, accompanied by:

  1. Nouns in the plural in the general sense (in the singular noun in front of such standing to the indefinite article a / an):

    I saw letters on the table. — I saw the letter on the table.

    Lions are dangerous animals. — Lions — dangerous animals.

  2. Nouns as a function of treatment:

    Good morning, captain! — Good morning, Captain!

    What’s the matter, doctor? — What is it, doctor?

  3. Nouns that follows the verb to be, to become, to turn:

    The Browns are actors. — Browns — actors.

    He turned musician. — He became a musician.

  4. Uncountable nouns in general terms:
    • Abstract (weather, love, life, music, history, light, time, beauty, etc.)

      Love is often unrequited. — Love is often unrequited.

    • real (meat, grass, sugar, wood, glass, gold, etc.)

      This table is made of wood. — This table is made of wood.

      She drinks a lot of milk. — She drinks a lot of milk.

      If you face some real noun is indefinite article, nouns are countable and change their meaning: glass = a mirror (glass mirror).

  5. Cardinal numbers in the noun when they are determining the descriptive type:

    Three women entered the room. — Three women entered the room.

    lesson six — the sixth lesson, page thirty-two — thirty-second page

  6. Shouts consisting of countable nouns in the plural or uncountable nouns (singular, respectively):

    What clouds! — What are the clouds!

    What loud music! — What is the loud music!

  7. Words few and little, when they express a negative value, the lack of anything:

    He speaks little English, we can not communicate. — He says little in English, we can not communicate.

  8. Nouns which conditionally can be combined into a group of «family and school» if they are used in general, but not in a particular way (home, school, college, mother, etc.):

    When does school end? — When the end lessons in school?

  9. Two or more nouns when they relate to the pair of animate or inanimate entities:

    Father and mother are watching TV. — Mom and Dad are watching TV.

  10. The names of countries, cities, streets, languages, mountains, etc .:
  11. I’m from England. — I am from England.

    She speaks French. — She speaks French.

  12. Zero article in the English language is necessary for the sake of brevity in the ads, signs, titles of newspapers and magazines in English, telegrams, Captions, recipes in English, etc .:
  13. Earthquake in Japan. — Earthquake in Japan.

    Road closed. — Road Closed.

  14. It consumes zero article in the English language and in the designation of vehicles:
  15. He goes to work by car. — He goes to work by car.

  16. Zero article in the English language is necessary and if there are other determinants from a noun:

    I have some information. — I have some information.

  17. We use a zero article, and when it comes to all the representatives of a class (countable nouns in the plural meaning «all»):

    Kangaroos are common in Australia. — Kangaroo common in Australia.

It should be added that the presence of the zero article in the English language is very noticeable in the scientific literature.

This topic is closely related to the other as described in the articles that need to pay attention:

  • «The indefinite article in the English language»
  • «The definite article in English»
  • «The location of the article in English»
  • «Articles of nouns as a function of the application»

After reading them, we recommend to pass the following test: «Test # 1 on the use of articles in the English language.»



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