In Proceedings By Catherine

With a smile on life! Smileys and emoticons History

Many of us are obviously not thinking, put the end of his message brackets, which does not bear the slightest grammatical load. Its mission to convey the mood of the sender, and it is known under sunny and joyful name «smile».

Have you ever caught yourself thinking that «smile» — a very valuable and relevant today find? Let’s be honest, in the 21st century, most of our friends «live» in computers, communication via Instant Messenger is relatively poor, because deprived of one of the main components of the dialogue — emotions. Smile (also known as the «emoticon») — salvation from all evils, because thanks to him we are able to convey not only information but also the mood.

You have already had the opportunity to familiarize themselves with useful vocabulary to express emotions in English in our article «Emotions in English.» Now we learn to do the same by means of smiles. We offer a video that shows the most popular emoticons. Glossary shown after the video will help you brush up on vocabulary to express emotions and moods.

«Emotions through Emoticons»


  • Smiley — smile / grin.
  • Emoticon — emoticon.
  • Evil — the evil.
  • Happy — happy.
  • Frowning — gloomy.
  • Sad — sad.
  • Wink — wink.
  • Grin — grin.
  • Laugh — laughter.
  • LOL [laugh out loud] — laugh.
  • Shocked — shocked.
  • Surprised — surprised.
  • Bored — bored.
  • Annoyed — exasperated.
  • Awkward — embarrassing / awkward.
  • Concerned — concerned / interested.
  • Confused — confused / puzzled.
  • Embarrassed — confused / embarrassed.
  • Uneasy — awkward / uncomfortable.
  • Thumbs up! — Not bad! (thumbs up «class!»).
  • Crying — Crying.
  • Sleeping — Sleep.
  • Yay! — Great!
  • Shyness — shyness.
  • Nonsense — nonsense / rubbish / nonsense / foolishness.
  • Disturbed — alarmed.
  • Raised eyebrow — a surprised (raised eyebrow).
  • Shifty — cunning.
  • Suspicious — suspicious / questionable.
  • Peace — peace.
  • Kiss — Kiss.

How and when there was a smile? Who and under what circumstances, the first time they use it? For more detail. First of all, let’s find out what is a «smile»? Smile — a graphical representation of a smiling face. Most modern people are so used to call all the icons that convey the mood of the author. In fact, the emotions that are served graphically (and smile as well) — it emoticons. Their use is particularly prevalent in the virtual and SMS communication. Emoticons (smileys) — one for all the peoples of the world, respectively, in the translation does not need. Each of them represents a certain emotion or the well-known object or concept.

Remember how people used to have emphasized the expression of the expression on the letter? That’s right, by the question or exclamation mark. However, their expression of emotion is quite limited: they give us to understand that the author of statements or interested in something or expresses emotion in a raised voice (what kind of reader defines itself by the context). And here comes to the aid emoticon, or as we used to call it, smile.

Some facts from the «biography» Smiley. Even in 1969, the famous Russian writer Vladimir Nabokov’s emphasis on the need for additional punctuation for a brighter expression of emotions of the speaker. However, the «forefather» smiley considered an American scientist Scott Fahlman Elliott. September 19, 1982 it was he who suggested the use of a symbol for transmission πŸ™‚ humorous messages and πŸ™ — for those who are not. There is also information about that even before the landmark invention Scott Fahlman, many used the # sign to denote gay posts as this graphic sign vaguely reminiscent of teeth when smiling. Such familiar to us «classic» smile of the two black dots and arcs in a yellow circle, was released in December 1963. Its author was the American artist Harvey Ball, who carried out the order for the insurance company State Mutual Life Assurance Cos. of America. More than 10,000 yellow badges have been distributed to employees and customers. After 7 years to Smiley joined the optimistic slogan «Have a happy day!».

Nothing stands still. This applies to Smiley. Suffice it to recall a joke about the «evolution» smiley: first, it consisted of a colon, hyphen and parenthesis, then from the colon and parentheses, and now does have a kind of bracket. The key is that at all times, in any form it fulfills its main function — conveys the emotions of the interlocutor, helps to create a certain atmosphere of communication and sets up a specific way. Repetition number of staples or other graphic symbols have smiley (eg))))))) or DD) — is a way to emphasize the expression of a particular reaction.

As mentioned, the smiles are able to convey not only the emotions and the human condition, but certain objects, abstract concepts. Do succumbed smilies any classification? Yes. Conventionally, there are three main groups of smiles: classic, graphic and mathematical. Classic — the ones we used to enjoy in the time of appearance of the first mobile phones when texting is gaining popularity. They consist of a set of graphical symbols that resemble horizontal facial expressions or gestures. Remarkably, some of the classic smiley even transmit images of well-known characters. The following table is served, which will introduce you in more detail with a variety of classical smiles.

Emotional Emoticons
Recording The emotion or state
smile, joy (smie / joy)
= (
sadness, grief (sadness)
: — | thoughtfulness or neutral (neutral)
: D
laughter (laugh)
* _ *
admiration (delight)
laughing with eyes closed (lol)
: -C
: C
strong disappointment (upset)
: — /
: —
resentment, bewilderment or resentment (discontent / puzzlement / offence)
: -0
: O
surprisingly (open mouth) (surprised)
surprised (shocked)
: -e frustrated (frustrated)
-O =
great surprise (open mouth, dilated eyes) (embarassed)
— [] great surprise (slack-jawed) (embarassed)
— [ confusion (confused)
0% sbitost confused (perplexed)
>: — D gloating laughter (spiteful laughter)
} ->
]: ->
insidious smile (cunning smile)
: ‘- D
strong laughter, laughter to tears (lol)
D-: strong anger, how angry (spite)
: -Q smoking a cigarette (smoking a cigarette)
Recording Action
wink (wink)
: -b
show the language (tongue)
: — * kiss (kiss)
{} hugs, obnimashki (embracing hands) (hugs)
: — {} passionate kiss (passionate kiss)
_ (
: ~ (
: ‘(
* (
cry (cry)
: — @ scream in anger (shout)
: -X keep your mouth shut (keep one’s mouth shut)
: -! nausea, disgust (sickness / disgust)
Recording Personage
man with glasses (eyeglasses)
O πŸ™‚ Angel (angel)
%) crazy (slanting eyes and nose) (crazy)
{: €
: E
o /
Bear, «with username!»
3 Kona-chan
: -E grinning vampire (grinning vampire)
: -F a grinning vampire without fangs (grinning vampire without a fang)
πŸ™‚ mutant or an alien (c four eyes) (mutant / alien)
[:] robot (robot)
— = <:-) magician (wizard)
‘- /
<| -)
Chinese (chinaman)
Cyclops (Cyclops)
-] [ cranium (skull)
-? man smoking a pipe (man smoking a pipe)
E πŸ™‚
3 πŸ™‚
deer (deer)
*: O) clown (clown)
*) drunk, embarrassed, blushing (drunk, confused)
(_8 (I) Homer Simpson (Homer Simpson)
Recording Description
<3 heart (heart)
= 3 face cute cat (kitty)
@} -> —
@} ~> ~~
@ -‘- ‘-, —
flower, rose (rose)
m /
m / _
goat (gesture) (horns, metal salute)
[: |||:]
[:] / / / [:]
[:] ||| [:]
accordion (usually as a slang word meaning «bearded» joke)
(.) (.) Hooters (bust)
/ πŸ™
/ -]
«Roof goesΒ» (go crazy)
?? «I do not understandΒ» (did not get it)
> (///) < candy (candy)

Widespread among East Asians acquired another system Smilie — kaomodzi. It emoticons whose meaning is obvious, that is, they do not need to conditionally turn to consider «attractive face.» The peculiarity of these images and that they convey the emotions of the human prototype, and the cartoon character from the anime or manga. Here are some of them:

Emotional Emoticons
Recording The emotion or state
(n_n) Smile (smile)
(^_^) smile, joy, happiness, kawaii (smile / happiness / joy)
grief (sadness)
(^ ^) Smile through the power of (reluctant smile)
(> _ <) fatigue or categorical (fatigue)
(> _>)
(<_ <)
skeptical (skeptical)
(-_- «)
(-_- v)
confused (confused)
^ _ ^ » smuschΡ‘nnost (shy)
* ^ _ ^ * confused with redness (ablush)
(-_- #)
(-_- Β€)
(-_- +)
rage (rage)
(o_o) surprise (surprised)
(0_0) great surprise (embarassed)
very great surprise (eyes twisted) (perplexed)
(V_v) unpleasant surprise (puzzled)
(@ _ @) awesome (bewildered)
(% _%) Eye fatigue (eye fatigue)
(u_u) Depression (depression)
(> x Heck! (Damn!)
8 (> _ <) 8 jealous (jealous)
(>>) sidelong glance, distrust (distrust)
(0_ <) tic (neurotic)
(* _ *) admiration (admired)
-__- phlegm or «MDA-ah-ah …Β» (stolid)
(9_9) I stayed up all night (sleepless night)
= __ = sleepy or «got …Β» (sleepy)
(-.-) Zzz.
(-_-) Zzz.
Sleep (asleep)
(-_-;) pain (sick)
(+ _ +)
corpse (dead)
Recording Action
(^ _ ~)
(^ _-)
wink (wink)
(; _;)
crying (crying)
.. ^ _ ^ /../
,, * _ * / ,, /
Show «goat» (gesture) (horns, metal salute)
Recording Personage
(= ^. ^ =)
= ^ _ ^ =
cat (see. as an AE, the girl-cat) (kitty)
(O, o) owl (owl)
, ___
[Oo] — O RLY?
/) __)
— «-» —
O RLY? (owl) (really?)
^ .. ^ pig (pig)
/// _ T
T _ \
/// _ ^
^ _ \
Emo Kid (emo)
^ _T Triad representative (a member of Triad)
(» (O_O) /») Bear, «with username!Β» (Hey!)
( _ /)
(> <) / _ | _
hare (rabbit)
(o,., O)
Y (O ,,,, O) Y
(>, <) raccoon (other baleen animal) (raccoon)
Recording Description
(^ 3 ^) kiss (kiss)
} { love (love)
= X = handshake (handshake)
@ -_- @ ram ram (sheep)
(- (-_ (-_- (O_o) -_-) _-) -) someone woke up on the subway (awoken in the underground)
(x (x_ (x_x (O_o) x_x) _x) x) live among zombie (alive among zombies)

(Tables are taken from Wikipedia)

If you prefer to communicate with friends via chat, you probably noticed the colorful pictures of happy, sad, angry face, stars, flowers, cakes with candles, and so on. D. All of this — graphic smilies. They are just like the classic emoticons create an atmosphere of dialogue, the only difference — more aesthetic, artistic look.

Smileys so harmoniously joined in our lives and have become an integral part of it, that we often do not hesitate to accompany them any correspondence. Emoticons are able not only to set up a person on a certain way, but also to create the impression of a man on the other side of the screen. Grammatically emoticons are not punctuation marks for color expression of emotional expression, but in fact — is the primary means for transmitting our mood. «The smile will brighten all», including «graphics.» Thus, the «smile» more often, and you will be sure to smile back! πŸ™‚



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