In Science By Victoria

What does it mean to learn a new word?

What did you do in school to learn new words? When I was in school and on the course, the algorithm was as follows: the teacher reads the word, class / group repeats due importance. House floor had to write out the transfer and write the next lesson dictation. I think it has learned the most. I wonder how many of the words eventually remembered? Rather, only those that are often encountered. Many Methodists proven that simply memorizing individual words does not give any benefit. Take a simple example:


Word rest almost everyone knows how to relax, because it is the first time found in this context:

I’m tired, I want to rest. — I’m tired, I want to relax.

You have written out his dictionary the word rest — rest, and happily forgotten. Can you imagine how the English language has a word of four letters, which at first nothing to say? If this word is no longer meet, you’ll forget it soon, and then hardly know.

But suppose you remember the meaning of the word. You are viewing the proposal:

I’m on holidays now, but I have lots of plans for the rest of the summer.

You understand that we are talking about vacation / holiday. What’s the word rest — the noun is also clear, as it faces the article. Knowing that the rest — it is a holiday, you might imagine that there must be set as a holiday. You have formed a proposal:

I’m on vacation, but I have a lot of plans for the rest of the summer.

Nonsense, right?

What is the word we have translated wrong? In general, ten minutes translation of simple sentences, we begin to see the translation of words and seek the truth. And the truth is that the word rest is also important the rest of the rest, and you would certainly know about it if just watched all his values. So, translate sentence:

I’m on vacation, but I have a lot of plans for the rest of the summer.

Everything fell into place.

So, the question of how to effectively teach the words and rarely look into the dictionary.

Know the meaning of the word — is just the beginning. In addition, you should:

  • know with what words it is used;
  • know its grammatical characteristics;
  • know its pronunciation;
  • be sure what style belongs word (official, neutral or colloquial).

Here’s what you need to do when you encounter a new word:

  1. Write out all or most common meaning of the word. Often you will notice that at first glance unrelated values ​​have something in common. This will help you understand and remember the word.
  2. Write out and memorize the words in phrases rather than separately.
  3. Write out a combination of words that are often used in the language (collocations):
    • adjective + noun: classical music (classical music), royal palace (royal palace);
    • verb + noun: to take photos (take photos), to make a decision (to decide);
    • noun + noun: bus stop (bus stop), board room (meeting room); etc.
  4. Pay attention to the grammatical characteristics of the new words:
    • if it is a verb, look, he is right or wrong, and list all the forms, such as take-took-taken;
    • if it is a noun, see how it forms the plural and whether it at all, for example the word luggage — luggage — has only a single number, but the word of clothes — clothes — just the plural.
  5. Always look for the transcription, discharge her if the word is difficult to pronounce. The simplest example, the word island — the island — which is pronounced [‘ailәnd].
  6. Observe where the accent falls in the word.
  7. Take notes, if the word belongs to colloquial or formal style of speech (based on the fact that most of the words will have a neutral style).

You probably think that this is too difficult and long, but this algorithm greatly facilitate your life in the future and accelerate the process of «inclusion» in the language.

 

Science

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