Many people believe that their life has nothing to do with mathematics, and they do not need to understand the wilds of the topic in English. But the numbers are all around us everywhere, phone numbers, credit cards, flight, not to mention the dates. Today’s material will be useful to all: a keen enthusiast of mathematics, and far from the world of the exact sciences humanities.
I would like to start with a numeral (numerals), it’s the first thing we face in the mathematical context. Let me remind you that the numerals are of two kinds: quantitative (answer the question «how much?») And ordinal (answer the question «who in a row?»).
Let’s pay attention to the pronunciation of certain numerals, as this seemingly simple point is sometimes confusing even experienced «users» of the language.
|Hundreds||And between hundreds and tens.||«101 (one hundred and one) Dalmatians» is my favourite cartoon.||
|Thousands||And do not put between thousands and hundreds.|| The population of my village is almost 6,500 (six thousand five hundred) people.
1253 (one thousand two hundred and fifty-three) candidates passed this exam last year.
|Americans sometimes utter thousands and hundreds like this: 1500 = fifteen hundred = 15 hundreds.|
|Hundreds and thousands||And among the hundreds of thousands and tens of thousands.||The population of Liverpool is 466,415 (four hundred and sixty-six thousand, four hundred and fifteen) people.||Americans use and much less British. So, they would say: 466415 = four hundred sixty-six thousand, four hundred fifteen.|
|Millions||And do not put between millions and thousands.||There are 2,629,743 (two million, six hundred and 29 thousand, seven hundred and 43) seconds in one month.||
|Billions||And do not put between millions and billions.||The world population was 5,320,816,000 (five billion, three hundred and 20 million, 8 hundred and 16 thousand) people in 1990.||
A series of numbers (series of numbers): uttering a series of numbers that make up the bank account number, credit card or phone, we call each number separately. This zero pronounced oh in the British version, and how to zero — in the US:
His credit card number is 5368 7208 0944 0699 (five three six eight, seven two oh / zero eight …). — His credit card number — 5368 7208 0944 0699.
At the same time, if the phone number contains two identical figures standing side by side, they say, such as double nine:
My friend’s number is 2290 4566 (double two nine oh four five double six). — Phone a friend of mine — 2290 …
Calling decimals (decimals), we use the words nought (British English) and zero (American English): 10.39 (ten point thirty-nine) — as much as ten and thirty-nine hundredths. More information about the features of the pronunciation of numerals can be fractional in this article.
By specifying a particular date, we will, of course, very far from mathematics, but the date — one of the most popular areas of the use of numerals. If you need to brush up on how the dates indicated in English, I advise you to read the article «The dates and ordinal numbers in English.»
Finally go to the math (mathematical operations): addition of (addition), subtraction (subtraction), multiplication (multiplication) and division (division).
- To add to / to plus — add.
- To minus / to subtract from — subtract.
- To multiply by — multiply.
- To divide by — share.
- To equal — equal
|Action||Example in English||Translation|
Example: 7 + 8 = 15
| 7 plus / and 8 equals / is 15.
Add 7 to 8 and you’ll get 15.
| Add 7 8 equals 15.
Heap 7 to 8 and get 15.
Example 23 — 3 = 20
| Twenty-three minus three equals / is twenty.
If you subtract 3 from 23, the answer is 20.
| 23 minus 3 to 20.
If you take away 3 of 23, the answer is 20.
Example: 6 * 4 = 24
| 6 multiplied by 4/6 times 4 equals / is 24.
6 Multiply by 4 and you’ll get 24.
| 6 is multiplied by 4 is equal to 24.
6 Multiply by 4 and you get 24.
Example: 9 ÷ 3 = 3
| 9 divided by 3 equals / is 3.
If you divide 9 by 3, the answer is three.
| 9 divided by 3 is equal to 3.
If you divide the 9 3, the answer is three.
Glossary on «Mathematics»
- To do sums / to solve problems — to solve the examples of the problem.
He is the best at doing sums in our class. — It solves examples of the best in our class.
- Sommon denominator — the common denominator.
The task is to reduce to the common denominator. — The task — to bring to a common denominator.
- Difference — the difference.
The difference of 15 and 10 is 5. — The difference between fifteen and ten — five.
- Equation / ɪkweɪʒ (ə) n / — equation.
Solve the equation. — Solve the equation.
- Improper fraction — improper fraction.
«Improper fractions» are not an easy topic for him. — «Wrong fractions» — not an easy subject for him.
- Mixed fraction — a mixed fraction.
He knows exactly what a mixed fraction is. — He knows exactly what is a mixed fraction.
- Numerator / njuːməˌreɪtə (r) / — numerator.
Numerator is the number above the line in a common fraction showing how many of the parts indicated by the denominator are taken. — Numerator — the number of lines simple fraction, indicating how many parts specified denominator is taken.
- Quotient / kwəʊʃ (ə) nt / — private (fission).
Quotient is a result obtained by dividing one quantity by another. — Self — a value obtained by dividing a certain number by another.
- Remainder — residue.
Remainder is the number that is left over in a division in which one quantity does not exactly divide another — balance — a number that is left as a result of division, when one number is divided by another without remainder.
- Cube root of — the cubic root of.
Find the cube root of 15. — Find the cube root of 15.
- Inequality / ˌɪnɪkwɒləti / — inequality.
Inequality is the relation between two expressions that are not equal. — Inequality — the ratio between the two expressions that are not the same.
- Equality / ɪkwɒləti / — equality.
Equality is the condition of being equal in number or amount. — Equality — this identity number or value.
- Mathematical sign — mathematical sign.
Minus is an example of a mathematical sign. — Minus — is an example of the mathematical sign.
- Multiplication table — the multiplication table.
Schoolchildren learn the multiplication table all over the world. — Students around the world learn the multiplication table.
- Parentheses / pərenθəsɪs / or round brackets — round / oval brackets.
Parentheses are widely used in mathematics. — Parentheses are widely used in mathematics.
- Right angle — right angle.
The right angle is 90˚ (degrees). — Right angle is 90 degrees.
And at the end of the article I would like to invite you to pass a little test. But do not worry! This is not math lesson! 🙂