On Earth, there are more than 6 billion people. We live on different continents, rich with all sorts of natural resources (natural resources), or those deprived. We live in different climatic zones. Our state did not like each other, because the standard of living in each of them varies. Someone lives better, some worse. The main thing — to strive to live in peace and harmony (peace and amity), seek to co-exist on this earth. But, unfortunately, it does not always work. A man is never enough, he wants more. Whether the increase of their own wealth, desire for purification of their own race from the representatives of other nationalities or a desire to control other people’s land, it is unlikely someone will get all this in a peaceful way (in a peaceful way). After all, nobody wants to be enslaved (enslaved). And, then, be a war (war).
What is war? It is a conflict (conflict) between political entities (states, tribes, etc.), which occurs in the form of fighting (military engagement / warlike operations) between their armed forces (armed forces). Typically, the purpose of any war is the enemy impose his will (to force smb’s will to smb), the domination over the people (to dominate), the desire to take advantage of other people’s benefits (to use smb’s amenities).
War in the modern world are not uncommon. We have lived through two world wars (two World Wars), and who knows, maybe the third is around the corner. Armed conflicts (armed conflicts) are constant, especially in the Middle East. These events are continually blessed by the international press, they are presented in the English-speaking news channels, they are referred to the head of states and politicians in general. Since this topic is very relevant, we need to fill our vocabulary vocabulary that characterizes war and peace in English.
How to talk about war and peace in the English language?
To avoid confusion, let’s start from the beginning. The reason for the war became a conflict (strong disagreement) between countries or groups of people. The cause of the proceedings can be split and territory (territory division). How to go to war (to unleash; outbreak of war) and how events can develop? One country invades (to invade) the territory of another and takes (to capture / take control of), for example, some town. Soldiers (soldiers) occupied the country forced to retreat to another location (to retreat / to go backwards). Air Force (air-force) continue to attack the attacking side of the city (to attack / to take violent action), where the troops are gone, but they successfully defend it (to defend / take action to protect it).
The area around the village, in which there is armed conflict, called the zone of military action (war zone). The precipitated State may ask for help from allies (allies), that is, countries that are in friendly relations with this country. Allies sent to the aid of its additional troops (extra troops) and provide the city with supplies (supplies). At this time, the city every day is shelling (shelling — firing of guns and explosives), hundreds of people are killed (to be killed / to die), many injured (wounded — to wound / to injure while fighting). And it is not only military but also the civilian population (civilians).
It is clear that the survivor in the besieged city population (to be alive) the situation is getting worse every day (to get worse). With time running out of food (food supply run out), there is no electricity. Both sides with a deep sense of fatigue realize that none of them will win the war (to win the war). They therefore agree to hold peace talks (to meet for peaceful talks / to negotiate a peace settlement — an end to the war). If you can agree (to agree), declare a cease-fire (ceasefire). This, of course, with the successful outcome. If an agreement is not obtained, the war lasts as long as someone is defeated (conquered / defeated) and forced to capitulate (to capitulate / to lay down arms / to strike flag / to show the white flag).
Talking about war and peace in English, you should definitely say a few words about terrorism (terrorism). Typically, terrorist attacks (violent actions / terrorist sabotage) committed for political reasons (for political reasons). Among the most common actions of terrorists (terrorists) will be called air piracy (hijacking). It is carried out with the purpose of capturing hostages (to take hostages) and the requirement to exchange them for someone or something (to bargain for smth / to demand smth in exchange for smb). If the government agrees to pay the necessary amount for the release of hostages or terrorists at the request of certain individuals from detention, hostage may be released (to release), and thus stay alive. Recently, growing in popularity gaining mining (mining) buildings or vehicles and explosions (explosions), carried out suicide (kamikaze / suicider) in crowded places.
Yes, the theme of war and peace in the English language is quite serious, because we are talking about human lives and about how to prevent the outbreak of war between the two countries. In terms vocabulary presented in the article, you can keep the conversation concerning the military action in any country, and to express their views about what is happening.