In contrast to the Russian alphabet in which the 33 letters (letters), English contains only 26. However, and c this number of letters in the English language there are 44 sound (sounds). All the letters of the English divided into two groups: vowels (vowels) and consonants (consonants). Quantitatively, the first group is much less than the second. 20 consonants and vowels of all 6. This article focuses on the vowel in the English language. Here are the letters that represent vowels: a, e, i, o, u, y. It should also be remembered that sound — that’s what we hear, and the letter — a sign that represents a specific sound. To write is to read a particular word or letter, there is a phonetic transcription. It is a system of signs, each of which expresses a sound.
Features pronunciation of vowels in English
The vowels in English is pronounced with the mouth open, they can sing. Also, the vowels in the English language can be long (long vowels) and short (short vowels). Total short vowels seven long — five and eight diphthongs (dipthongs). Diphthong — a combination of two vowels in one syllable. In English, it is very important to comply with the brevity and longitude of vowels, as the longitude of sound may depend on the meaning of the word. For example: ship — sheep. The first word i sound a short while in the second the combination of vowels ee, too, is the sound of i, only debts. Translation of the first word — the ship, and the second — a sheep.
Short vowel sounds in the English language — a truncated stressed vowels. Long vowel sounds in the English language are monophthongs. They recite a constant articulation. The diphthongs one of the sounds and forms a shock syllable. And the second — just short of his element.
Examples of short vowels in the English language:
- pot — the pot
- cup — mug
- pensil — Pencil
- map — the map
- mother — mother
Examples of long vowels in the English language:
- father — Dad
- bee — bee
- dawn — dawn
- soon — soon
Examples of diphthongs in English:
- fine — good
- bow — bow
- coat — coat
- fuel — fuel
If we are talking about the letters, then read the vowels in the English language directly affects the type of syllable (syllable). As you know, the syllables are open (open syllable) and closed (closed syllable). The first ends in a vowel, the second — in a consonant. Moreover, English is considered to be open syllables, and the syllable ending in a silent e. Normally closed syllables presented short vowels, as in open long. But this is not an axiom and not the rule.
Rules read vowels in English quite a lot and, even knowing them, you can meet a lot of exceptions, the reading of which must be easy to remember.