Every language, dialect, dialect, slang on the planet itself is unique and interesting. Each of these options has its own specific set of words that are filled with dictionaries and heads of students. But before you start to speak directly about the English language, I would like to start with our mother — the mother for me and for you, reading this article — and the great Russian language.
Answer yourself the question: how many words of the native language you know and use completely free in your speech? How do you count them? The first way — take the biggest dictionary and begin to put a checkmark in the words that are familiar to us. It takes 3 weeks when we come to the word «jasper», «box», «foot and mouth» (who knows what), again open the first page and start counting. After another 3 weeks each will be released on a certain number of words and a great think for what he has done all these manipulations. What I will talk about later. The second way — do not take a dictionary, do not believe, because we, personally, it is not necessary, and we have a strong case. Why is it still necessary, I also will tell in this article. And finally the third way — to be online test to determine the active and passive vocabulary, pass it and know exactly to what extent our consciousness varies affordable words. But there is a problem: how to choose the right test, because their scores, which is passive and active vocabulary, etc. So, we turn to the theory and we shall understand after all, what is the vocabulary and why I decided to talk about today is this.
Simply unscientific language vocabulary — this is a specific set of words, which is owned by a certain person. It owns, and not just «heard the sound, I do not know where he is.» Ie understands the meaning of a word, is able to apply it in oral and written speech, sees it in live communication. All the whole vocabulary of a particular person can be divided into active and passive. Active vocabulary — a set of words that he uses in speech and writing, he is the source of this speech. Passive same vocabulary — a set of those words that people recognize, reading a particular books or heard them in oral speech, but the source of these words is not, ie, He does not use his own speech. This distinction applies to both the mother and for you being studied as a foreign language, because in both cases there are the words that we use personally we are, and those whose values we recognize our memory.
If we talk about the composition of the language as a whole, the Russian language is almost impossible to calculate, since it too is rich and varied, and according to various sources there are between 2.5 and 4.5 million words and word units. In English, everything is much easier last official count was carried out in 1999, and according to him in the language, there are slightly more than one million words and word units. Therefore, it may safely be glad that it was studying English, because a million — it’s not so much. And if we talk seriously, this «little more than a million» in the ordinary everyday speech, even the most educated man uses no more than 20-30 thousand words and vocabulary units (and no more than 50 thousand stored on hard drives his memory) — and thus, the English for his mother. If we talk about the English language, as a foreign, we study, the highest rates for the active vocabulary is 8-10 thousand words, and passive up to 15 thousand. Ie you can see that the performance is not that great and terrible as it may seem at first glance.
Now it is necessary to talk about how to calculate the most cherished figure, which you leave with your amount of knowledge. There are many different ways test calculations. I suggest you pay attention to the two of them, and argue why I chose these options. The first of these options, you can count the visit http://www.testyourvocab.com, which is dedicated to the joint US-Brazilian research project aimed precisely at the word count of your passive vocabulary. It was built very simple — you only need to mark those words, the value of which (at least one), you know for certain. The only problem is, if you can be honest with yourself and really truly Recognized words you choose. At the end of the system it will consider your result and gives the approximate value of +/- 500 words. The second option allows you to count the words to make it through the levels, and in particular to see what are your shortcomings. This option of counting can be found on the website http://www.er.uqam.ca. This test will allow you to go through the levels and determine exactly where we put a point and continue their education. Each version of the test consists of 6 levels, and they must be held, starting with the first, even if you think you know so much more. The result will give you the opportunity to understand what your vocabulary and you should pay your attention.
But what are considered? That is the question that many of you are concerned about. After all, the numbers are not important to anyone, you think. But it is not. Firstly, such a calculation allows to estimate your level of vocabulary, and secondly, by passing certain tests of British and American schools, you’ll be asked to indicate the results of calculation of vocabulary. And I am none of you do not advise to do it without thinking, because after testing embarrassing discrepancies may happen that you have specified the data and test results. Therefore, know your vocabulary (especially active), it is not just useful, but in some cases it is necessary.
Next, I would like to lead an exemplary gradation volumes vocabulary:
- vocabulary at the rate of 350-700 words — active vocabulary required for initial (basic) level of foreign language knowledge.
- vocabulary size, 700-1300 words — sufficient to explain (if it is active for you); and read at a basic level (if your passive vocabulary).
- vocabulary words at a rate of 1300-2800 — the active vocabulary sufficient for everyday of everyday communication; if it is passive, it is sufficient for a quick reading.
- vocabulary words at a rate of 2800-5500 — is quite suitable for the free reading of the press or scientific literature.
- vocabulary up to 8000 words — enough for a normal full communion of man, to learn English as a second language, which will allow to realize almost any books, TV programs and the press.
- vocabulary of up to 13,000 — an active vocabulary of a person with a high level of education, who is studying English as a foreign language.
But even if you have passed this test successfully, it must be remembered that the only words recorded in your memory, will not give you the possibility to communicate in English, because this skill many other aspects. However, mastering the 2000 properly selected frequently used words in the presence of a specific grammatical framework and practice, you can easily communicate on the magnificent language of Albion.