First of all, we should remember that in the English language, there are three types of sentences according to the purpose statement: narrative (declarative sentences), imperative (imperative sentences) and question (interrogative sentences). Interrogative sentences in the English language contains a specific question to obtain the necessary information. The order of words in interrogative sentences depends on the type of question (type of question) and by a predicate (predicate). But the basic principle — a statement of question words (question word) — if present — and the auxiliary verb (auxiliary verb) in the beginning of the sentence. In total, we are five types of questions in English.
Types of questions in English
Typical questions in English a few, and we look at each separately.
- Question to the subject (question to the subject).
This interrogative sentence word order line (unchanged), and in the offer, everything remains in place. We just remove the subject and instead uses the appropriate interrogative word: Who? What? (who what). Neither the present nor the last time this type of question in the English language does not need to use auxiliary verbs. In the future may appear auxiliaries shall / will, but they are an indication of the time and is subject to, in principle, have no relationship. There is only one caveat — in the present tense uses the verb in the third person and singular. Examples:
What happened to us? — What happened to us?
What makes you feel upset? — What makes you sad?
Who invites guests for the party? — Who invites guests to a party
- A common question (general question).
This interrogative sentence in the English language implies the formulation of the question to the whole proposal. The answer to this question are the words yes and no. Therefore, this type of question in the English language is still referred to as yes / no question. In this regard reverse the order of words in the first place, and an auxiliary (do, does, is, etc.) or the modal verb. Examples:
Does she like knitting? — She loves to knit?
Do you play computer games? — Do you play computer games?
Is this his book? — This is his book?
Just do not forget that the verb to be in the present and past simple tense does not require any auxiliary verbs:
Are you at home? — Are you at home? Or Was he at the cinema yesterday? — He was at the theater last night?
- Special issue of (special question)
This type of question in English is different in that it can be given to any member of the proposal. The word order is also the opposite, and to obtain the necessary information used several interrogative words: What? — What ?; When? — When ?; Where? — Where ?; Why? — Why ?; Which? — Which one? and others. Examples:
Where are you going to move? — Where are you going to move?
What would you like to read? — What would you like to read?
When did you leave the house? — When you left home?
- An alternative question (alternative question)
Ask any member of the proposals, but this feature interrogative sentence is a choice between two objects, persons, properties, actions, etc. This issue will be present union or — or. Examples:
They finished writing the article at 5 pm — They finished writing an article at 5pm.
Did they finish writing the article in the morning or at night? — They finished writing an article in the morning or the evening?
Did they finish writing or reading the article? — They finished write or read the article?
- Separating the issue (tag-question / disjunctive question).
In setting such interrogative sentence in the English language a person tries to express doubts, surprise, confirmation of this. The analogue of this issue in the Russian language is the turnover is not it ?, is not it ?. This question consists of two parts: the first — is the proposal itself entirely with unaltered word order, and without those parts of speech which actually asks the question; the second — a short question, which will be an auxiliary or modal verb, present in the first part of the predicate. There are two ways this question of education in the English language:
- affirmative sentence, a brief question in the negative;
- Offer negative, brief question is yes.
My mother prefers meat to fish, does not she? — My mother prefers fish to meat, is not it?
I am a pessimist, is not / are not I? — I’m a pessimist, does not it?
You can cook this dish, can not you? — You can prepare this dish, is not it?
She does not go to the church, does she? — She did not go to church, do not you?
Here are all the types of questions in English. Explore ways of their construction, you can easily formulate any interrogative sentences in the English language to any statement.