Grammar studies the structure of the language. At the Russian lessons we have explained that the grammar has two sections: morphology (morphology) and syntax (syntax). English in this respect no different from Russian and has the same sections. Morphology studies the individual words, considering the mechanisms of their formation and use in speech. We also offer to study types in the English language (types of sentences) need a second section — syntax. It is he who considers the ways of connecting words in a sentence, types of sentences and their meanings.
What is the British proposal?
Before you go directly to the types of sentences in the English language, you need to remember what a sentence is (sentence). As it is written in any guide to English grammar, sentence is a unit of speech that expresses a complete thought, has a certain grammatical forms and intonation. Each proposal of the English language, unlike Russian, and has a modality (modality), that is, categories which demonstrates the attitude of the speaker to reality. All offers English language can be divided by the structure (structure) of the proposal itself and the target statement (purpose of the utterance).
Types of offers in English on purpose statements
Depending on the purpose of the statements English sentences can be: declarative (declarative sentences), question (interrogative sentences) and imperative (imperative sentences). Declarative sentences ascertain the facts in the affirmative or negative form (affirmative / negatve form), in the interrogative sentences pronounced questions (questions), and contain the imperative orders, requests and invitations (commands, requests, invitations). Interrogative sentences can be 4 types: general (general), special (special), alternative (alternative), dividing (disjunctive). Also in this type of offers is present inversion (inverse word order). Any of the proposals can be converted into exclamatory (exclamatory sentence).
- Declarative sentences:
Winter is coming.
Steve does not appreciate your behaviour.
- Interrogative sentences:
Do you know the reason of my leaving?
What country are you going to visit? Did you work or relax yesterday?
- Imperative sentences:
Please, shut the door!
Let him help you!
- Exclamatory sentences:
What wonderful weather!
Types of proposals on the structure of the English language, clauses
All offers English language can be simple (simple sentences), slozhnosochinennogo (compound sentences) and compound (complex sentences). Simple sentences can be divided into two groups — common (extended) and non-proliferation (unextended). In the latter there are only main parts of the sentence (subject and predicate), but the latter has complemented and secondary (definition, circumstance addition).
Compound sentence is composed of two or more simple sentences equal. But we divide by Compound important (the principal clause) and one or more subordinate clauses (the subordinate clause). It must be remembered that there are four main types of subordinate clauses in English, give examples of:
- Additional clauses (introduced unions whether, if, why, what, when):
I do not know why he accepted this invitation.
He is going to choose whether to stay at home or to go hiking.
- clauses and conditions of the time (input unions when, as soon as, before, after, if, unless):
We will go for a walk when the weather allows.
Write me as soon as you receive this letter.
- adventitious circumstances, causes, mode of action, comparison purposes:
My mother will not be able to join us because she does not feel well.
The movie was so scary that she did not sleep well all the night.
- attributive clauses in English (introduced by the relative pronoun that, who, which):
Show me the recipe that you found in this book.
I am eager to know who was the author of this book.
Types of offers in English are stored easily, we need only to understand the structure of the classification, and none of them will not cause you problems.