In Grammar By Anastasia

Transitive and intransitive verbs in English

English verbs can be classified according to various criteria: they are right (work — worked — worked) and irregular (speak — spoke — spoken), semantic (to read) and auxiliary (am reading), as well as transitive and intransitive. On this particular verbs today and we’ll talk.


Transitive verb (Transitive verbs) — verbs, after which must be addition (object), to get a full, meaningful sentence.

She loves animals. — She loves animals. (loves — transitive verb, animals — addition)

And the addition may be direct (direct object) and indirect (indirect object)!

He ate a sandwich. — He ate a sandwich. (ate — a transitive verb, a sandwich — direct object)

She bought him a drink. — She bought him a drink. (bought — transitive verb, him — indirect object, a drink — direct object)

We play tennis. — We play tennis. (play — transitive verb, tennis — direct object)

He reads his daughters stories. — He reads his daughters stories. (reads — transitive verb, his daughter — indirect, stories — direct object)

  • For more information about add-ons in the English language can be found in the article of our teacher.

Intransitive verb (Intransitive verbs) — verbs that do not require additions behind for a full proposal.

The dog barked. — The dog barked. (barked — intransitive verb)

We run every day. — We run it every day. (run — intransitive verb)

After intransitive verbs can be followed by adjectives or adverbs, predicate complementary value — in the English language offers these members are called complements (complements).

The food smells good. — The food smells good. (smells — intransitive verb, good — complement)

Eagles fly high. — Eagles fly high. (fly — intransitive verb, high — complement)

And now I suggest you see a short but informative and interesting video about transitive and intransitive verbs from a native speaker, and then we will continue our introduction to the topic.

So, from the video, in addition to the above, we have learned some very important information, namely: some verbs can be transitive and intransitive simultaneously! You could even say that the majority of verbs in English are transitive and intransitive, depending on the meaning of the verb.

Example Type the verb
They sing songs every Friday.
They sing the song every Friday.
sing — transitive verb
She sings to her children every night.
She sings her children every night.
I sing — intransitive verb
I study English.
I learn English.
study — transitive verb
He studies hard.
He studies hard
study — intransitive verb

Many dictionaries do not disregard this property verbs and provide us with information about their transitive or intransitive, such a lovely Dictionary Macmillan, which we have repeatedly advised our students and readers. In some dictionaries do not have such information. I offer you a table of the most common transitive and intransitive verbs.

Table 1. transitive verb

Verb Example Translation
bring He brought a puppy. He brought a puppy.
buy Please, buy a cup of coffee for me. Please buy me coffee.
cost This car costs a lot of money. This car is worth a lot of money.
get I want to get a ticket. I want to buy a ticket.
give We give gifts at Christmas. We give gifts at Christmas.
leave She leaves work at 6:30 in the evening. She leaves work at 6:30 pm.
lend I lent him 10,000 dollars. I lent him 10 thousand. Dollars.
make Has he made ​​a report yet? He had already prepared a report?
offer She was offered a promotion. She was offered a promotion.
owe He owes me 10,000 dollars. He owes me 10 thousand. Dollars.
pass I will die if I do not pass this test. I’ll die if do not pass the exam.
pay We should pay the bills. We need to pay the bills.
play He often plays the guitar. He often plays the guitar.
promise I promised him to come to the party. I promised him to come to the party.
read She never reads glossy magazines. They never read the glossy magazines.
refuse They refused to stay at our house. They refused to stay in our house.
send We send text messages to each other. We send text messages to each other.
show Show me your garden, please. Show me your garden, please.
sing Jane sings songs at karaoke. Jane sings songs in karaoke.
teach She teaches French. She teaches French.
tell He told an interesting story. He told an interesting story.
write Jack writes e-mails every day. Jack writes e-mails every day.

Table 2. intransitive verb

Verb Example Translation
appear One day he appeared on my doorstep. One day he appeared on my doorstep.
arrive We will arrive on Sunday. We’ll come on Sunday.
belong The book belongs on the shelf. The book should be on the shelf.
collapse The roof of our house collapsed yesterday. The roof of our house collapsed yesterday.
die He died last night. He died last night.
disappear Suddenly, she disappeared. Suddenly, she was gone.
exist Dinosaurs do not exist. Dinosaurs do not exist.
fall Snow began to fall quietly. Snow began to fall slowly.
go Where did you go? Where are you going?
happen It happens to him all the time. It happens to him all the time.
laugh They laughed a lot. They laughed a lot.
lie The village lies in a valley. The village is in a valley.
look Do not look at me like that. Do not look at me so.
last The lesson lasts 60 minutes. The lesson lasts 60 minutes.
occur Such things have never occurred in this town. Such things never happened in this town.
remain You must remain in bed for 3 days. You must stay in bed for 3 days.
rise The aircraft rose fast in the air. The plane took off quickly in the air.
sit They were sitting in silence. They sat in silence.
sleep He never sleeps more than six hours. He never slept more than 6 hours.
sneeze She sneezed very loudly. She sneezed loudly.
stand The bus was full and we had to stand all the way. The bus was full and we had to stand all the way.
stay Stay right here, please. Stay here, please.
vanish Everything vanished in a second. Everything disappeared in a second.
wait Let’s wait until 11 o’clock. Let’s wait up to 11 hours.

Let’s summarize:

  • Transitive verbs require behind supplement that can be direct or indirect.
  • Intransitive verb does not require the addition after itself, and the field they may be adjectives or adverbs that characterize them.

And finally, I suggest you pass a simple test to determine transitive and intransitive verbs!

 

Grammar

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