English verbs can be classified according to various criteria: they are right (work — worked — worked) and irregular (speak — spoke — spoken), semantic (to read) and auxiliary (am reading), as well as transitive and intransitive. On this particular verbs today and we’ll talk.
Transitive verb (Transitive verbs) — verbs, after which must be addition (object), to get a full, meaningful sentence.
She loves animals. — She loves animals. (loves — transitive verb, animals — addition)
And the addition may be direct (direct object) and indirect (indirect object)!
He ate a sandwich. — He ate a sandwich. (ate — a transitive verb, a sandwich — direct object)
She bought him a drink. — She bought him a drink. (bought — transitive verb, him — indirect object, a drink — direct object)
We play tennis. — We play tennis. (play — transitive verb, tennis — direct object)
He reads his daughters stories. — He reads his daughters stories. (reads — transitive verb, his daughter — indirect, stories — direct object)
- For more information about add-ons in the English language can be found in the article of our teacher.
Intransitive verb (Intransitive verbs) — verbs that do not require additions behind for a full proposal.
The dog barked. — The dog barked. (barked — intransitive verb)
We run every day. — We run it every day. (run — intransitive verb)
After intransitive verbs can be followed by adjectives or adverbs, predicate complementary value — in the English language offers these members are called complements (complements).
The food smells good. — The food smells good. (smells — intransitive verb, good — complement)
Eagles fly high. — Eagles fly high. (fly — intransitive verb, high — complement)
And now I suggest you see a short but informative and interesting video about transitive and intransitive verbs from a native speaker, and then we will continue our introduction to the topic.
So, from the video, in addition to the above, we have learned some very important information, namely: some verbs can be transitive and intransitive simultaneously! You could even say that the majority of verbs in English are transitive and intransitive, depending on the meaning of the verb.
|Example||Type the verb|
| They sing songs every Friday.
They sing the song every Friday.
|sing — transitive verb|
| She sings to her children every night.
She sings her children every night.
|I sing — intransitive verb|
| I study English.
I learn English.
|study — transitive verb|
| He studies hard.
He studies hard
|study — intransitive verb|
Many dictionaries do not disregard this property verbs and provide us with information about their transitive or intransitive, such a lovely Dictionary Macmillan, which we have repeatedly advised our students and readers. In some dictionaries do not have such information. I offer you a table of the most common transitive and intransitive verbs.
Table 1. transitive verb
|bring||He brought a puppy.||He brought a puppy.|
|buy||Please, buy a cup of coffee for me.||Please buy me coffee.|
|cost||This car costs a lot of money.||This car is worth a lot of money.|
|get||I want to get a ticket.||I want to buy a ticket.|
|give||We give gifts at Christmas.||We give gifts at Christmas.|
|leave||She leaves work at 6:30 in the evening.||She leaves work at 6:30 pm.|
|lend||I lent him 10,000 dollars.||I lent him 10 thousand. Dollars.|
|make||Has he made a report yet?||He had already prepared a report?|
|offer||She was offered a promotion.||She was offered a promotion.|
|owe||He owes me 10,000 dollars.||He owes me 10 thousand. Dollars.|
|pass||I will die if I do not pass this test.||I’ll die if do not pass the exam.|
|pay||We should pay the bills.||We need to pay the bills.|
|play||He often plays the guitar.||He often plays the guitar.|
|promise||I promised him to come to the party.||I promised him to come to the party.|
|read||She never reads glossy magazines.||They never read the glossy magazines.|
|refuse||They refused to stay at our house.||They refused to stay in our house.|
|send||We send text messages to each other.||We send text messages to each other.|
|show||Show me your garden, please.||Show me your garden, please.|
|sing||Jane sings songs at karaoke.||Jane sings songs in karaoke.|
|teach||She teaches French.||She teaches French.|
|tell||He told an interesting story.||He told an interesting story.|
|write||Jack writes e-mails every day.||Jack writes e-mails every day.|
Table 2. intransitive verb
|appear||One day he appeared on my doorstep.||One day he appeared on my doorstep.|
|arrive||We will arrive on Sunday.||We’ll come on Sunday.|
|belong||The book belongs on the shelf.||The book should be on the shelf.|
|collapse||The roof of our house collapsed yesterday.||The roof of our house collapsed yesterday.|
|die||He died last night.||He died last night.|
|disappear||Suddenly, she disappeared.||Suddenly, she was gone.|
|exist||Dinosaurs do not exist.||Dinosaurs do not exist.|
|fall||Snow began to fall quietly.||Snow began to fall slowly.|
|go||Where did you go?||Where are you going?|
|happen||It happens to him all the time.||It happens to him all the time.|
|laugh||They laughed a lot.||They laughed a lot.|
|lie||The village lies in a valley.||The village is in a valley.|
|look||Do not look at me like that.||Do not look at me so.|
|last||The lesson lasts 60 minutes.||The lesson lasts 60 minutes.|
|occur||Such things have never occurred in this town.||Such things never happened in this town.|
|remain||You must remain in bed for 3 days.||You must stay in bed for 3 days.|
|rise||The aircraft rose fast in the air.||The plane took off quickly in the air.|
|sit||They were sitting in silence.||They sat in silence.|
|sleep||He never sleeps more than six hours.||He never slept more than 6 hours.|
|sneeze||She sneezed very loudly.||She sneezed loudly.|
|stand||The bus was full and we had to stand all the way.||The bus was full and we had to stand all the way.|
|stay||Stay right here, please.||Stay here, please.|
|vanish||Everything vanished in a second.||Everything disappeared in a second.|
|wait||Let’s wait until 11 o’clock.||Let’s wait up to 11 hours.|
- Transitive verbs require behind supplement that can be direct or indirect.
- Intransitive verb does not require the addition after itself, and the field they may be adjectives or adverbs that characterize them.
And finally, I suggest you pass a simple test to determine transitive and intransitive verbs!