In Learners By Inna

Transcription English

The word «transcription», mysterious and incomprehensible, recruits in the ranks of English language learners face is literally at the first lesson. «I’m still learning it?» — Sighs the student at the sight of strangers in strange characters brackets. Maybe you can do something like without it? Maybe you can, but with the knowledge of the transcription of the English language learning process will be much easier.

Using a transcription of the English language

At first sight, the transcription of the English language does not cause a lively interest in students. Introducing a system of some characters, it seems, it is suitable for use in some special cases, for example, to encrypt words. In fact, transcription of the English language — a set of special phonetic symbols that transmit sound recording letters or words, and is the key to a correct reading. In a language with so many exceptions to the rules of reading, to learn that, to put it mildly, difficult, transcription is simply necessary.

Transcription is written in two brackets bet [bet] — a bet or two slash bet / bet / — bet.

Transcription of English also helps in the proper setting accents in words. In English, there are two types of stress, and both of them are identified in the transcription. First — this is the main emphasis (main stress), in contrast to the Russian language is not placed on the stressed syllable, and in front of him on top. The second stress — additional (secondary stress) is placed before the stressed syllable below:

hamburger [‘hæmb, ɜːgə] burger

The letters in the English alphabet have their own name, but in the words they most often sound differently. For example, the letter C in the alphabet sounds like / si /, and in the words most often transmits the sound / k /.

Some sounds reminiscent of English letters, mostly, it’s the consonants:

[f] f ine / f /, with a slight bite the lower lip

[v] v ery / in /, with a slight bite the lower lip

[s] s ofa / a / uttered not his tongue, and the «back»

[z] z one / s / spoken not his tongue, and the «back»

[h] h all weak / x /, easy exhalation

[p] p ark / n /, with a sharp exhalation (aspirate)

[b] b all / b /

[t] t ea / t /, tip of the tongue — bumps on the front of the upper teeth, with a sharp exhalation (aspirate)

[d] d oor / d /, tip of the tongue — bumps on the front of the upper teeth

[k] k ite / k /, with a sharp exhalation (aspirate)

[g] g rass / g /

[m] m ay / m /

[n] n ose / n /

[l] l ip / l /

[r] r ose / p /, the language of the tubercles of the front upper teeth

[w] w hat lips «in the tube» to unclench sharply as / wa / only a single sound

Some kind of mysterious signs have original sound and have no analogues in the Russian language:

[θ] th in / with / tip of the tongue between the teeth, «Blow into your language»

[ð] th at / s /, tip of the tongue between the teeth, «Blow into your language»

[ŋ] lo ng / n /, «nose»

Some sounds in sound similar to Russian:

[ʃ] sh ip middle between / w / and / u /

[ʒ] plea s ure soft / w / almost / zh /

[tʃ] ch in / h /

[dʒ] j am soft / J / almost / dzh / as a single sound

[j] y acht weak / th /

Vowels are divided into short and long (indicating the sign (:) for audio):

[i:] ea t long / and /

[i] i t short and middle between / and / and / s /

[e] n e t a short / e / as in the word «summer»

[æ] c a p middle between / e / and / a /

[a:] ar t deep / a /, as the doctors say, showing the throat

[ɔ] f o x short / o /

[ʌ] c u t a short / a /, as in the word «tobacco»

[u] b oo k short / u /, the lips are not in the «tube» and slightly rounded

[u:] sch oo l / y: / lips in the «tube» and slightly rounded

[ə:] b ir d / e /, but / yo / and a single sound, a bit like / Io /

[ə] sist er weak / e /

[ɔ:] c a ll a long / about /

The transcription of the English language, there are so-called dvuglasnye- diphthongs. Though they are composed of two sounds, but pronounced as one, but the second is pronounced weaker:

[ei] t a ke / ee / (hey do not)

[ai] l i ke / ai / (not ah)

[au] h ou se / ay /

[ɔi] b oy / OR / (oh no)

[ou] n o / oh /

[iə] ear / ua /

[ɛə] h air / EA /

[uə] p oor / UE /

Transcription of the English language will help you understand the differences in the pronunciation of British and American language. For example, the word issue edition utter Americans like [‘ɪʃu:], as well as the British [‘ ɪsju:].

Knowledge of the English language allows transcription yourself how to read unfamiliar words, in addition, contributes to the development of visual memory and fast memorizing words.



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