What values can have the English word? «A lot, a lot, an awful lot!» — Say the students and they will be right. However, as a rule, these values are close or similar, for example: dance — «dance» or «dancing», love — «love», «love», «love», «favorite.» But there are words whose values differ so much that they become the opposite. We dwell on the 10 most frequently used English words multi-valued.
1. A beautiful day — a huge fine. Word fine
The first word that opens our list, the word fine. We all know that the word fine is positive, «beautiful», «excellent». But fine words, there are quite the opposite meaning in spoken English — the «bad». Of course, to a negative meaning was clear to your companions, it must speak with a certain tone with anger or contempt, that is necessary to highlight the word emotional.
«Are you all right?» — «Everything’s just fine, thanks!» — «Are you okay?» — «Everything is fine, thank you!»
That’s a fine thing to say about your mother after all she’s done for you! — Ugly talk much about his mother, after all she has done for you.
Dave picked a fine time to leave us. — Dave has chosen a completely wrong time to leave us.
Fine as a noun is not a very pleasant thing — a «fine». For example, a parking fine — «fine for parking in the wrong place.»
So: My day was fine, but I got a huge fine! — I had a great day, but I got a huge fine.
2. I built a fire in the office, and I got fired. The word fire
Word fire usually has a value of «fire», «flame», «fire», «burn», «burning», «burn».
Animals are usually afraid of fire. — Animals are afraid of fire.
We put up our tents and made a fire. — We set the tent and made a fire.
Fire is also important «to dismiss».
A secretary was fired after she was caught stealing from the company. —
Secretary burned when they discovered that she was stealing from the company. — Secretary fired when they found that it is stealing from the company.
So: I made a fire in the office and was fired. — I started a fire in the office, and I got fired.
3. Do you think it mean? Word mean
The word is surrounded by a halo of negative mean values, «greedy», «vile», «rough.»
Nick is too mean to buy her a ring. — Nick is too stingy to buy her a ring.
She was really mean to me. — She really treated me vilely.
But there are words mean exactly the opposite meaning — «very good.»
She is a mean piano player. —
It is — vile pianist. — She plays the piano beautifully.
The phrase no mean is that someone very good or good specialist in something disassembled.
My friend is no mean cook. —
My friend — not a sneaky chef. — My friend — a great cook.
And all of these values apply only to the adjective mean, as a verb, it is translated «make a difference», «mean», «bear in mind».
So: Do you mean he is mean? — You mean that he is greedy?
4. On the change did not break! Word break
Word break is normally used to say that something is broken, broken, destroyed, broken.
She fell and broke her arm. — She fell and broke her arm.
He did not know he was breaking the law. — He did not know that breaking the law.
These proposals may confound the one who at school used to value the words — «break», «change», such as coffee break.
I need a break from studying. — I need to take a break from their studies.
So: Do not break anything during the break! — Do not break anything during the break.
5. I like him because he looks like me. With like
We used to like to use the word to mean «like»: he likes spending his evenings in front of the television — emu like to spend the evening watching TV. And just know that in the third person singular of the verb you want to add the ending -s: someone likes you (you’re someone like you). Therefore Adele song «Someone like you» has caused a lot of questions: What is it? Grammar mistake? Not at all, it’s just another meaning of the word like — «like», «such as».
Someone like you. You’re acting like a complete idiot. — Someone like you.
You’re acting like a complete idiot like. You’re acting like a complete idiot
So: I like him because he is like me. — I like him because he’s like me.
6. Feel free to use this for free. Word free
Everyone has heard the words free, freedom — «freedom», «free». But here we go to the Internet to download some program or music, and see the free music, in this context does not mean that the music is free, which means that you can download for free. The second meaning of the word free — «free». Feel free phrase means «do not be afraid», «do not be shy.»
Feel free to say what you want. — Do not be afraid to say what you want.
So: Feel free to use it for free. — Do not hesitate to use it for free.
7. The room little space. Word of room
As soon as we start to learn English, learn the word room, which means «room», «hotel room».
I want to book a room. — I want to stay.
And so the phrase «Is there enough room for me in the car?» Can stump. But we must remember that the word room has another meaning — «place», «space».
Is there enough room for me in the car? —
Is there enough room in the car for me? — Is there enough room in the car for me?
So: It’s not enough room in this room. — The room is not enough space.
8. If you can not run a business, run a job. Word run
If you are asked to translate the word run, you do not hesitate to say — «run» and you’re right: I ran, he runs, they will run — «I was running,» «he runs», «they will run.» Wrong verb run, three forms of the verb you need to remember by heart: run — ran — run. The verb run has several meanings, one of them — the «lead», «control». But you can also select the following values: «pass», «run on time», «become».
He runs a restaurant. —
He runs the restaurant. — He runs the restaurant
So: If you can not run a business, run to work. — If you can not run a business, run a job.
9. … and then turn right, everything is clear? The word right
Right word we often use in the sense of «right», «right», explaining how to go somewhere.
Turn right and go straight on. — Turn right and go straight.
But right there is value — «true», «right», «clear».
Sometimes the word may be used twice in the same sentence, as, for example, in this video, and confusing inexperienced students
So: Turn left, right? — Turn left, all right?
10. I have no mood to discuss his mood, because he is in a bad mood. Word mood
Usually the word used to mean mood «mood». We often say:
I’m in a good mood. — I am in a good mood.
But the idiom be in a mood word mood takes a negative value.
Do not talk to him — he’s in a mood. — Do not talk to him — he has a bad temper.
Adjective moody and has a negative value — «grim.»
He was a moody teenager. — He was a surly teenager.
To be in the mood for something means «to be in the mood to do something.»
I’m not really in the mood for shopping. — I’m not in the mood to shop.
So: I’m not in the mood to discuss his mood because he’s in a mood. — I’m not in the mood to discuss his mood, because he was not in the mood.
I hope that now it will be easier to deal with the ambiguous words in the English language. And if you meet other ambiguous words, try to make them a little memorable proposal for example used in this article. In this case, different meanings of one word remembered quickly and permanently.