Time (time) can rightly be called the foundation of our lives. We are all calculated from the help of this concept: the history, age, work, recreation, and all that can be represented in a time warp. Seconds (seconds), minutes (minutes), hours (hours), days (days), weeks (weeks), months (months), years (years) — is a constant value used by the population of the globe. The only difference is that these steps are named. Well, of course, each country has certain nuances in the expression of a particular point in time. We are learning English should be paid to the theme of time in English attention. The orientation of these concepts in English is one of the key points in the learning process. Let’s try to understand how time is usually expressed in English.
Methods time expression in English
In twenty-four hours a day. Half of the day is called «morning» — am (ante meridiem), and the second half, respectively, «the afternoon» — pm (post meridiem). These cuts are widely used in the English language, they are added to a specific figure, indicating a certain time. To ask «What time is it?», You just need to ask a simple question «What time is it now?». For the answer, of course, requires knowledge of numerals in English. Adding the prepositions past, to the words quarter (quarter), half (half), you can always tell someone or to understand how much time is in English.
In this case, running the following condition: up to half an hour, we take «past», and after a half — «to». How does it work? Look at the example:
- three in the morning — 3 a. m.
- five minutes of the fourth — 3.05 (it’s five past three)
- Ten minutes of the fifth — 4.10 (it’s ten past four)
- Fifteen minutes sixth — 5.15 (it’s a quarter past five)
- Twenty-seven minutes — 6.20 (it’s twenty past six)
- Twenty-five minutes past seven — 7.25 (it’s twenty five past seven)
- half of the ninth — 8.30 (it’s half past eight)
- Thirty-five minutes past nine / ten twenty-five — 9.35 (it is twenty five to ten)
- twenty eleven — 10.40 (it is twenty to eleven)
- a quarter to twelve — 11.45 (it is a quarter to twelve)
- ten to two — 13.50 (it is ten to two)
- five to three — 14.55 (it is five to three)
- exactly six o’clock — 6.00 (it is exactly six)
- almost eight — it is about / almost eight
We assume that you have learned to call time on English. I suggest to read the following anecdote and smile: A blonde asked someone what time it was, and they told her it was 4:45. The blonde, with a puzzled look on her face replied, «You know, it’s the weirdest thing, I have been asking that question all day, and each time I get a different answer». In a nutshell pass translation, it turns out that every time the blonde asked the time, her answer made a different value. Here it is, the poor, and can not understand how much a given time.
To competently talk about the time in English, you must not only easy to handle figures, numbers, and to know which version to use any excuse . For this purpose, we have three pretext:
- At — with its help we express time in English, in seconds, minutes, hours.
- at 18 seconds
- at 24 minutes
- at half past six
- at a quarter past ten
We resort to this pretext in when talking about this time of day, as the afternoon (at noon / at midday), night (at night), midnight (at midnight), Dawn (at dawn), sunset (at sunset / at dusk). But if we are talking about words like morning (morning), afternoon — a full, rather than a short word (afternoon), and evening (evening), at an excuse to change in.
- In — use this pretext we pass the time in English, referring to a specific period of the day, as was said above:
- in the morning
- in the afternoon
- in the evening
If we want to talk about the seasons or months, using the same excuse in:
- in spring — the spring
- in summer — summer
- in autumn — autumn
- in winter — winter
- in December — December
- in March — in March
- in July — July
This is usually the use of the preposition «in», when we call the time in English, regard such periods, as the years (years) and centuries (centuries).
- in 1983
- in 2007
- in the 19 th century — in the nineteenth century
- On — well, excuse for that rest of the week and date:
- on Monday — Monday
- on Wednesday — Wednesday
- on Sunday — Sunday
- on the 6 th of February — sixth of February
When we talk about the time in English, and it is worth noting a variant without a preposition. To him we turn at the mention of the following words: today (yesterday), today (today), tomorrow (tomorrow), every day (every day), tonight (tonight), next / this / last week / month / year (next / this / last week / month / year).
Expression of the time in English, you can still talk and talk, but it will be particular. Over time you have a need to study this or that material on the subject, but the foundation you will already know, so any difficulties you will not have.