It is said that time is eternal. It has no beginning and no end. Nevertheless mankind measures its defined segments (periods of time). Let’s look at them:
|Period of time||Example||Translation||Meaning||Translation|
|millennium *||San Francisco streets were full of people celebrating the millennium.||On the streets of San Francisco has been a lot of people celebrated the new millennium.||1000 years||millennium|
|century||William Faulkner is a famous American writer of the 20th century.||William Faulkner is a famous American writer of the 20th century.||100 years||century century|
|decade **||Life has changed significantly in the last decade.||Life has changed considerably in the last decade.||10 years||decade|
|era||A post-war era was marked by rapid recovery and development of all industries.||The postwar period was marked by a rapid recovery and development of all industries.||A particular period of time marked by special events||era, the era|
|phase||Do not worry about Ann. She is a teenager and I’m sure it’s just a phase.||Do not worry for Anne. She’s a teenager, and I’m sure it’s just a phase.||A special part of a process or a particular period during the development of something||stage during phase|
|life||Life is great!||Life is Beautiful!||A period of time between birth until death||life|
* The word millennium Latin origin, is an exception and plural forms in a special way (sg. Millennium — pl. Millennia).
** Please note that in contrast to the Russian language, where the word of the decade is 10 days, the English word decade means 10 years.
If we talk about the phase (phase) as a moment or a particular stage (stage) of a number of events (series of events), it can be the starting (initial), intermediate (intermediate) or final (final).
We often describe the order of events without a specific time or date. What do we use in this case? We say «current», «next», «next». To do this in English, the following adjectives or adverbs:
|approaching||fast approaching|| approaching wedding
|awaited||expected|| long-awaited reply
|concurrent||Simultaneously, the matching|| concurrent views
|current||current|| current year
|eventual||final|| eventual result
(the final result)
|forthcoming||upcoming|| forthcoming meeting
|ongoing||occurring|| ongoing support
|simultaneous||simultaneous, synchronous|| simultaneous broadcast
|subsequent||subsequent|| subsequent step
|successive||Serial alternately|| successive years
(years in a row)
|temporary||temporary|| temporary position
|transitional||intermediate, transitional|| Transitional National Government
(Transitional National Government)
Time flies, and what happened yesterday, will not be repeated today and tomorrow has not come yet. What are the phrases we use when describing past events and talking about the future? I propose to enrich your vocabulary by the following expressions:
|Description of past events||Description Current Events||Description of future events|
|In recent times — the last time||Nowadays — now||In the near future — in the near future|
|Prior to — before before||At the moment — today||In the foreseeable future — in the foreseeable future|
|Formerly — previously, once||Presently — today, now!||At a future date — in the future|
|Previously — in advance, in the past,||Right now — right now||In the distant future — in the distant future|
I propose to consider the idioms with the word time at the example of the story of a student who was trying to learn English:
He began to study English silently with books. It felt right at the time. — He began to learn English from books in silence. At that moment, it seemed right to him.
He remembered that at one time his father learnt English in the same way — he remembered that once his father taught English in the same way.
He did not know that the way he was studying English was far behind the times. — He did not know that the way he teaches English, much outdated.
At times he needed help but there was nobody to assist him. — Sometimes he needed help, but there was no one to help him.
He was pressed for time because he was going to the conference to London in two months and he was studying English and preparing for the conference at the same time. — Time is running out, because he was going to go to a conference in London in two months, and he was teaching English and preparing for the conference at the same time.
He came back to the same unclear grammar explanations time after time. — He came back to the same obscure grammar explanations over and over again.
After a week of study, he met his college mate Mary, who was eager to help him with English for old time’s sake (as he helped her a lot with Maths during college years) but everything was useless — Mary forgot English! — After a week of study, he met a classmate Mary, who really wanted to help him with the English old friend (he’s great help Mary with mathematics while studying at the college), but to no avail — Mary forgotten English!
Once he met his fried who told him that it was about time to find an English-speaking teacher. — One day he met a friend who said that it’s time to find an English-speaking teacher.
He made the appointment and met his new teacher on time. — He set up a meeting, and at the appointed time to meet with the new teacher.
He explained to his teacher that he did not have bags of time. — He told the teacher that he does not have plenty of time.
He succeeded to learn the language in no time. — He was able to learn the language as soon as possible.
He packed his luggage and successfully departed to London in the nick of time. — He put the luggage and successfully went to London at the last minute.
Later, after coming back from London, he told his father that all was in good time and silent learning of English with books was popular for the time being. — Later, on his return from London, he told his father that all the time, and the study of English silence was popular in his day.
If he had not found a teacher in time, he would not have learnt English in two months. — If he had not found time teacher, he would not have learned English for two months.
Below is a list of idioms that are used in the text:
|at the time||at that moment|
|for the time being||now (if the action relate to the present), if used with the past tense, meaning «at the moment»|
|at times||at times, at times, not infrequently|
|in time||on time, on time|
|on time||in the agreed time|
|pressed for time||time to spare, time is running out|
|behind the times||obsolete|
|before time||ahead of schedule|
|at the same time||at the same time|
|bags of time||train time|
|in no time||immediately, as soon as possible|
|all in good time||all in good time|
|in the nick of time||at the last moment|
|time after time||over and over again, many times|
|about time too||It is high time|
|for old time’s sake||of good memory|
I want to draw your attention to the phrase in time / on time, the use of which sometimes causes difficulties.
On time (at the scheduled time, neither earlier nor later):
General Director wants the conference to start on time. — The Director-General wishes to conference started on time. (t. e. on schedule, without delays)
In time (in a timely manner, at the time):
He would have died if the ambulance had not arrived in time — he would have died if the ambulance has not arrived on time.
On the methods of expression of time and time management you can read in the articles of our blog.