In Grammar By Oksana

The verb (Moods) and four types of conditions (Four Types of Condition)

Forms of the verb shows the ratio of action to reality. This relationship is established speaker. In English, as in Russian, there are three moods of the verb: indicative (the Indicative Mood), which expresses the action as a real fact in the present, past and future; imperative (the Imperative Mood), and the order is requested; subjunctive (the Subjunctive / Oblique / Indirect Mood), which expresses the unreal or the problematic effect. The paper of the forms of the subjunctive mood, we talked about his four types: Subjunctive I Mood, Subjunctive II Mood, Suppositional Mood, Conditional Mood. Imagine all the verb in the form of the scheme:


The conditional sentences (Conditional sentences) used different forms of inclination, depending on the type of condition (Type of Condition). No need to confuse «Conditional Mood» and «Conditional Sentence». Certainly, Conditional Mood used in sentences that express condition (Conditional Sentences), but besides Conditional Mood condition can be expressed, and other forms of the verb. The following table shows the use of various forms of mood in expressing conditions.

Table «Four Types of Condition (four types of conditions)»

Type of Condition
(condition type)
Subordinate clause
(subordinate clause)
Main clause
(main purpose)
1. Real
(real)
Indicative Mood Indicative / Imperative Mood
eg If I meet her,

If I meet her,

I’ll tell her the news.

I’ll tell her the news.

eg If you meet her,

If you meet her,

warn her about it.

to warn her about it.

2. Problematic
(problematic)
Suppositional Mood Indicative / Imperative Mood
eg Should he meet her (If he should meet her),

Had that / If it happens that / If, however, / if it happens that he meets her,

he will tell her the news.

he would tell her the news.

eg Should you meet her (If you should meet her),

Had that / If it happens that / If, however, / If it happens that you meet her,

warn her about it.

to warn her about it.

3. Remote
(remote)
were to … (destined) Conditional Mood
eg If she were to live in England,

If she was destined to live in England,

I would be happy.

I would be happy.

4. Unreal
(unreal)
I. Subjunctive II Present Conditional Mood Present
If they met,

If they met,

they would discuss it.

they have discussed it (still can occur).

II. Subjunctive II Past Conditional Mood Past
If they had met yesterday,

If they last met,

they would have discussed it.

they have discussed it (not met).

III. Mixed Type
Subjunctive II Present Conditional Mood Past
If she were not absent minded,

If it had not been cleared,

she would not have lost the book.

she would not have lost the book.

Subjunctive II Past Conditional Mood Present
If he had not missed the lesson,

If he had not skipped a lesson

he would be answering well now.

He would now be a good answer.

 

Grammar

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