In Grammar By Victoria

The verb in the English language

The verb in the English language is one of the most basic parts of speech, to say the «most basic» as it holds almost all of the language. Why is that? Because of the action folded all our life, and this part of the speech, as a verb in the English language, actions and means answering the questions of «what to do» and «what to do?».

Most of the time the study is devoted to the study of English grammar verb. This could personally make sure everyone who taught at school, went to courses or tried to learn English by skype. Why do I have so thoroughly investigate it? The answer is simple. The verbal system of the language is complicated enough, the very part of speech has different categories, which should be dealt with and the number of temporary forms does not produce a very good impression. Indeed, in Russian only three options — past, present and future. And in English for each of them are still at 4. All the English language can be found in the article «The number of times the English language.»

What is a verb in the English language? What has the features? What information should be remember in the first place?

What are the verbs in the English language?

When we hear the phrase «the verb in the English language,» the first thing that comes to mind — it’s a horror story from school, dedicated to regular and irregular verbs, the second we were forced to cram in batches, that is why for them and develop aversion. After all, it seemed that they simply can not remember. Believe me, you can. Everything comes with time. If you do not remember much different from the regular verbs correctly, you will come in handy on this article — «regular and irregular verbs in English.» Cause you do not need? Then go directly to the list of wrong and learn their three forms — «Three forms of irregular verbs.»

The structure of verbs in English are of four types: simple (same root word), derivatives (other than the root has a prefix or suffix), complex (consisting of two roots) and composite (consisting directly from the verb and a preposition or adverb).

  1. to do, to run, to catch;
  2. to unwrap, to disappear, to intensify;
  3. to broadcast, to blackmail;
  4. to come back, to get up, to look after.

By value, as we know, verbs are divided into semantic and service. As is clear from the very name, at the semantic verbs have meaning or basic meaning, and have no such service. Tools verbs in English are of three types:

  1. verbs ligament (to be, to get, to turn, to become, to grow etc.),
  2. auxiliary verbs (to be, to have, to do, shall, will),
  3. modal verbs (can, may, might, must, ought to, need, would).

Verb ligaments help to create a compound nominal predicate, auxiliary verbs are used for the formation of complex verb forms, and the ability to express modal probably need an action, which is represented by an infinitive verb. On the auxiliary verbs in the English language you can read in the article of the same name («Auxiliary verbs in the English language»), a modal — in common article, they devoted («Modal verbs in the English language»). But modal verbs need to examine each separately, so there is material on the blog for each of them in separate articles.

It should also be remembered that the verb in the English language can be perfect or imperfect form. And it can work in three inclinations. But these inclinations are only personal forms of the verb. They express the person, number, mood, time and security. These forms of the verb serve as a predicate in a sentence.

Here are three to impersonal forms of the verb: infinitive, gerund and participle. These forms express the action without specifying the person or the number of inclination.

Pay special attention to a particular group of verbs called phrasal. Their values ​​can sometimes be nice to surprise you!

Here are the main characteristics of the verb in the English language, which should be studied in more detail and carefully. The main thing to remember that on the form of the verb in the English language may depend on many things, so do not treat this part of the question casually.



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