In our blog topic infinitive and gerund I have seen in the article «Gerund vs infinitive. Translation difficulties «. We know the difference between these impersonal forms of the verb, looked at examples of what it is. Today our task is to sort through those verbs followed by an infinitive should eat and those after which necessarily follow the gerund. Also consider the «turncoats» t. E. Mixed forms.
Gerund — a non-personal form of the verb in the sentence is used as a noun (subject or there is after excuse as a noun). In Russian there is no such form, so it is translated in context: as a noun or as a verb. Among the students firmly entrenched as the gerund -ing form of the verb, because it is formed by adding to the verb suffix -ing.
The main uses of the gerund
- As the subject:
Dancing is very good for your body and mood. — Dancing is very good for your body and mood.
- After prepositions:
Before going out, please check all the windows. — Before leaving, check all the windows.
- After some verbs in addition:
Have you finished explaining the rule? — Are you finished an explanation of the rules?
Infinitive — one more impersonal forms of the verb, which is formed by using the verb with the particle to.
The main uses of the infinitive
- After adjectives:
It is so wonderful to see you here! — So nice to see you here!
- For an explanation of the purpose or intention of:
I want to move to Moscow to get a better job. — I want to move to Moscow to find a better job.
- After some verbs:
We decided to resume our English course. — We decided to renew our English course.
After some verbs by the rules of the English language (no matter how outraged some students) only need to use the infinitive after others — gerund. But there are, after which it is possible to use both, and more. And to top it all there are also those that change the meaning of the statements, if they go after the infinitive or gerund. But do not panic, now all face it.
Verbs followed by a gerund
First, let’s look at those verbs followed by gerunds used.
|Can not stand||Do not pass, do not tolerate|
|Carry on (= continue)||Continue|
|Consider||Consider, consider believing|
|Escape||Stealing to remain unnoticed|
|Fancy||Very want, crave|
|Feel like doing||Being in the mood to do anything|
|Keep (on) (= continue)||Continue, do not cease to do anything|
|Look forward to||We look forward to|
|Mind (= object to)||Mind to have something against|
|Miss||Fail to miss|
|Practise||To carry out in practice, practice|
|Quit||Quitting do anything|
|Recall (= remember)||Remembering, raise (in memory)|
Verbs followed by the infinitive is
Now a list of verbs followed by an infinitive needs.
|Aim||To aspire to something, aim|
|Arrange||Negotiate and arrange|
|Manage||Contrived, to be able to do anything|
|Seem||Seem to be submitted|
|Tend (= be likely)||Tend to anything, to gravitate|
|Volunteer||Volunteered to do anything|
|Undertake||Ensure to take responsibility|
Verbs, after which you can use gerunds and infinitives
But «safe» verbs, t. E. When they can be used, and the gerund and an infinitive. The meaning of this statement did not change.
Finally, verbs, after which you can employ and the infinitive and the gerund. However, the meaning of the phrase will vary depending on the kind of impersonal forms of the verb you choose.
- Forget + to do — forget to do (something is done):
- Forget + doing — forget about something (something done, but no memory):
I forgot to make a shopping list. — I forgot to make a shopping list.
I forgot taking pictures of this monument. — I forgot how to photograph the monument. (I do not remember what took pictures of the monument).
- Go on + to do — continue by launching a new action:
The lecturer closed the door and went on to explain the material. — Lecturer closed the door and went on to explain the material.
- Go on + doing — continue the initiated action:
She asked them to be quiet, but they went on chatting anyway. — She asked them to be quiet, but they still continued to talk.
- Mean + to do — mean, assembled:
I think they meant to interrupt our conversation. — I think they were going to interrupt our conversation. (did it on purpose)
- Mean + doing — mean:
I’m applying for a job. It means filling in this application form. — I applied for a job. It is to fill this application form.
- Need + to do — having to do something.
I need to wash my scarf. — I need to wash the scarf.
- Need + doing — in need of something (for things and objects).
His bike needs repairing. — His bike needs repair.
- Regret + to do — sorry about something (what is happening or has not done).
We regret to inform you that he was fired. — We are sorry to inform you that he was fired.
- Regret + doing — sorry about something (what he had done in the past).
I regret telling her their secret. — I’m sorry I told her about their secret.
- Remember + to do — remember, do not forget to do (something not done yet).
Remember to turn off the lights when you leave. — Do not forget to turn off the lights when leave.
- Remember + doing — to remember something, do not forget (that has already been done).
We will always remember visiting Krakow. — We will always remember, as they were in Krakow (We will never forget, as they were in Krakow).
- Stop + to do — to stop to do something:
She stopped to make a call. — She stopped to call.
- Stop + doing — stop doing something:
He stopped playing baseball a year ago when he broke his arm. — He stopped playing baseball last year, when broke his arm.
- Try + to do — try to, try to make an effort:
I’ve tried to meet Sally, but she was in the meeting room. — I tried to meet with Sally, but she was in the room for negotiation.
- Try + doing — try, to experiment.
If you can not lose weight, try doing some sports twice a week. — If you can not lose weight, try to do sports 2 times a week.
As you can see, the complexity of this topic is exaggerated. Somebody says that these lists are impossible to remember all comes with experience. But I’m sure that the experience needed to turn out based on knowledge. The best way to learn these verbs with the necessary form, they require, t. E. Admit doing or expect to do. Then you will be confident. Teach these verbs gradually to a comfortable speed for you. Believe me, this knowledge will be useful. After all, everyone knows that, not knowing the list of irregular verbs can not speak properly. Same story with our verbs. Be of good cheer!
And do not forget to take a test that will help you better remember the material.