In Grammar By Victoria

The use of so / such

Let us remember how often we are talking about someone or something using the words «a» and «wrong»? Yes, almost everywhere! Ah, such a beautiful day today! I want a nice purse. We had so much fun that we did not want to leave. Yesterday I was so tired that I could not get up from the couch. And similar to the proposals. I think the popularity of word so / such a proof is not necessary. Despite the fact that both reinforce the meaning of the words with which they are used and their semantic content is practically the same, the use of these words in practice, has its own distinctive features, which we’ll talk.

Adjectives such

Adjectives such (a) is always — mark the word — is used in a group with another adjective and a noun or a noun (usually categorical or estimated). And if even a noun in the singular, then do not forget about the indefinite article.

I did not enjoy the book. It was such a stupid story. — I did not like the book. This silly story.

She has such beautiful eyes! — She has such beautiful eyes!

I have never seen such a sight. — I’ve never seen such a sight.

I am not such a fool to believe him. — I’m not such a fool as to believe him.

They’ve got such a lot of money, they do not know what to do with it. — They have so much money that they do not know what to do with them.

The adverb so

The adverb so (as such) is used contrary to the adjective without a noun. Let’s take the same example about the book:

I did not enjoy the book. The story was so stupid.

Eating so it is also possible to adverbs (so quickly — so quickly; so well — so well, and so on).

Everything is so expensive these days, is not it? — Now everything is so expensive (so expensive), is not it?

The wind was so strong, it was difficult to walk. — A strong wind was blowing, it was difficult to walk.

Kerry speaks English so fluently that I thought she was American. — Kerry says so well in English, I thought — she was an American.

Please, do not drive so fast! — Please do not ed so fast!

The use of so as noted in the following phrases or expressions: so … as to … (enough to, such that); so many / so much (so much); so few / so little (so little); so often / so rarely (so much / so rarely). For many / much, and few / little attached a plural noun. In this case, the combination demonstrates an extreme degree of any number. It is often used in exclamatory sentences. By the way, the analogue so many / much will a combination of such a lot of.

He is not so silly as to ask her about it. — He’s not stupid enough to ask her about it.

Why have you got so much furniture in this room? — Why are you in this room so much furniture?

I never knew she had so few friends! — I never knew she had so few friends.

My brother visits us so rarely! — My brother is so rarely comes to visit us!

Why did you buy so much food (such a lot of food)? — Why did you get so much food (products)?

By studying the use of so / such, you need to remember some constructions and phrases, which are a kind of algorithm using this adjective and adverb in question. For example, so long (such a long time), and so far (such a long way), respectively, which are translated «so long» and «so far.»

I have not seen him for so long (for such a long time). — I have not seen him for a long time.

He lives so far from me (such a long way). — He lives so far away from me.

Or design so … that … / such … that …, in which that can be lowered. We will translate using the phrase «so / so … that / so ….»

I was so tired that I went to bed at 7 o’clock. — I’m so tired, so went in 7:00.

It was such a good book that I could not put it down. — The book was so interesting that I could not tear myself away from it.

But do not forget that the use of so / such can not serve its main purpose, namely, not to enhance the meaning of words, but simply to state the facts (the real situation):

I expected the weather to be much warmer. I did not expect it to be so cold again. — I was waiting for the weather to be warmer, and did not expect to be so cold again (as it is now).

I was shocked when he told me the house was built in eighteenth century. I did not think it was such an old building. — I was shocked when I learned that this house was built in the eighteenth century. I do not think it is an old building (as it actually is).

If you have already read the article «Speech also, as well, either, neither in the English language», then try to answer the test questions «test the use of adverbs also, as well, either, neither, so, such in the English language.»



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