In Grammar By Victoria

The use of prepositions in English

The English language, as well as Russian, has two groups of parts of speech and self-service. To the service include conjunctions, interjections, particles, modal words, prepositions and exclamations (prepositions). It is dedicated to prepositions information in this article. You will learn what are the prepositions in the English language and how to use them correctly. After all, from the use of prepositions in English literacy depends on your speech.

The pretext — is a service of the speech that expresses syntactic relationships between a noun, pronoun, numeral, and words belonging to different parts of speech. In its structure are simple prepositions (on, near, for), complex (outside, into), component (because of, in front of, in accordancde with). There is a classification of prepositions depending on the relationship that they express (prepositions temporal, spatial, trends, causes, and so on).

English prepositions and Russian cases

Selecting a pretext in the English language may depend on what kind of Russian cases in question. In Russian the six cases. These are the excuses they correspond:

  1. Nominative (who? What?)

    Girl — This girl wants to buy a bouquet of flowers. (no excuse)

  2. The genitive (who? What?)

    Girls — The bouquet of this girl is lying on the table. (pretext of)

  3. Dative (who? What?)

    girl — I am giving this bouquet to the girl. (a pretext to)

  4. Accusative (who? What?)

    Woman — My mother likes this girl. (no excuse)

  5. Instrumental (who? What?)

    Woman — This bouquet of flowers is bought by the girl. (prepositions by / with)

  6. Prepositional (for whom? What?)

    a girl — I am talking about this girl. (excuses about / of)

Moreover, many verbs, nouns, adjectives in the English language are used strictly to certain excuses. Therefore these parts of speech and should be taught together with prepositions. For example, the verb to wait (wait) necessarily require after itself of for. Or the verb to listen (to listen to) use only a pretext to. The adjective proud (proud) requires the pretext of, and the use of the adjective satisfied (pleased) is possible only with a preposition with. The same applies to nouns. Behind the words advantage / disadvantage (advantage of the lack of anything) should be an excuse of, and after the noun damage (damage, harm to anyone or anything) is an excuse to put it to.

The most common prepositions English

The use of prepositions in the English language implies the obligatory knowledge of their values, transfer options and applications. We will not list all the prepositions in English, to name a few and the most famous. The value of the others, and their relationship with certain parts of speech should be checked further.

  1. Prepositions areas:
    • to the left — the left
    • to the right — to the right
    • up — up
    • down — down
    • off — with
    • onto — to
    • towards — towards
    • away, from — from
    • through — through through
    • out of — out
    • into — in
    • along — along
    • past — past
    • across — through
  2. Prepositions of location:
    • above — over
    • over — over
    • between — between
    • near, at, by, beside — some near, at
    • behind -, rear
    • under — under
    • below — under
    • outside — of
    • in front of — in front
  3. Prepositions of time:
    • at — hours
    • in — in the months, years
    • on — in days
    • from — c, from
    • to — up to a certain point,
    • since — from a certain point,
    • till — till
    • before — prior to
    • after — after
    • about — about, approximately
    • for — during the time period
    • during — for + noun
    • by — for some time
  4. Causal prepositions:
    • because of — because
    • in accordance with — in accordance in accordance with
    • on account of — due to, for
    • thanks to — thanks

The use of prepositions in the English language can be called a kind of «science» as we improve our knowledge of the pretexts for the entire period of learning English.



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