In Grammar By Oksana

The subjunctive mood in a simple sentence (Oblique Moods in a Simple Sentence)

Let me remind you that the subjunctive (subjunctive / indirect / oblique mood) is used to express the estimated (hypothetical) or unreal (unreal) actions and states. It expresses the idea, contrary to reality (contradicting reality), and the proposal (suggestion), desire (desire), the will (volition), opportunity (possibility), necessity (necessity). The subjunctive mood is most often used in complex sentences. It is well known to you if-clauses and sentences with I wish, which is used Subjunctive II. However, the subjunctive is used in simple sentences. The following table will help you to build such proposals. You just need to remember the model (pattern) construction.


↓ Download the table «subjunctive mood in a simple sentence»

As expressed Model (pattern) Examples
Unrealistic conditions (Unreal condition)
1. Unrealistic condition is clear from the context (implicit — implied) would / should + indefinite (perfect) infinitive I would have done much work yesterday. But I had a splitting headache. * (I have done a lot of work yesterday. But I have a very bad headache.)
2. Expressed special circumstance (But for …) But for
smth
smb
would / should / could / might
do / have done smth.
But for the rain we would go for a walk. (If it does not rain, we would have gone for a walk. — Today)
But for the rain we would have gone for a walk. (If it does not rain, we would have gone for a walk. — Yesterday, then)
3. Expressed infinitive phrase acting subject To do
smth
would / could / might
do
To invite her would mean to spoil the party. (Invite her would be to spoil the party.)
Council (advice)
Expressed using had better / had rather / would sooner (with the value «would be better if you do …») had better / had rather / would sooner
do
smth
You had better take a taxi. It’s too late. (You’d better take a taxi. It’s too late.)
The preference (preference)
Expressed using would rather (with a value of «perhaps») Smb
would rather
do
smth
I would rather go for a walk. (I think I’ll go for a walk.)
Desire, regret (wish, regret)
Expressed using if only / oh, that / oh, if (meaning «Oh, if only …») If only / Oh, that / Oh, if
smb
did / had done smth
If only I knew grammar better. (Oh, if I knew the grammar better! — We are talking about this)
If only I had been to England then. (Oh, if I had been in England!)
In stable phrases to express irritation (irritation), anger (indignation)
It expresses the meaning of «why me?», «Why should I?» Used Suppositional Mood Why should I go there again? (Why again should I go there?)

↓ Download the table «subjunctive mood in a simple sentence»

* The same idea can be expressed by the following models:

Otherwise
smb
would do / have done
smth

where otherwise = differently, not that.

eg

I had a splitting headache, otherwise I would have done much work. — I have a headache, not what I would have done a lot of work.

Thus, construction of a sample of remembering, you can easily translate these types of offers. It is recommended to also remember the example 1 on each model. Experience shows that a student is difficult to apply a large amount of theoretical material in practice, and that’s such a small «formula» is a simple to remember and quite effective. I really hope that they will help you as well.

 

Grammar

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