No matter whether you are acquainted with the article «Types of sentences in the English language» or not, it is worth recalling that the main study of the sentence involved a section of grammar, the syntax. The main parts of the sentence (main parts of the sentence) is the subject (the Subject) and the predicate (the Predicate). It’s about the subject and will be discussed.
According to the dictionary definition, the subject is grammatically independent member of the main proposal, which represents the object and effect of the subject expressed the predicate of this sentence. The main issues to be considered in the English language questions who? So what? (Who / what).
Methods for expression of the subject in the English language
On the basis of the main questions to which answers to be, many tend to think that it can be expressed only by the name noun or pronoun (by analogy with the Russian language). This is not quite true. The subject in the English language can be expressed not only a noun (noun) and pronoun (pronoun), and numeral (numeral), gerund (gerund) and infinitive (infinitive).
- The subject — noun
Some people prefer to spend holidays with their families.
Cats are afraid of dogs.
- The subject — pronoun
They decided to work at the weekends.
I am fond of windsurfing.
- The subject — cardinal
Eight is believed to be a lucky number in China.
Thousands of people joined this strike.
- The subject — the infinitive
To help you is my mission.
To take care of my family is my top priority.
- The subject — the gerund
Listening to good music raises my mood.
Going out is a wonderful way to relax with friends.
In contrast to the Russian language, in English no proposal can not do without the subject. Therefore, the use of impersonal sentences formal elements of it, and there, who do not have lexical meaning, and to translate them into Russian should not be. Using impersonal sentences in English to denote natural phenomena and weather conditions, the intervals of time, distance and temperature. Formal subject is also used in sentences with compound names (sometimes verbal) predicate, if followed by an infinitive, gerund or clause.
It is getting dark.
It was winter.
Sometimes it snows in this month of spring.
It is a very difficult language, is not it?
Is there anything interesting in this magazine?
There were a lot of pictures in this book.
There will be ten doctors at the conference.
There have been a lot of disillusions in my life.
We reviewed the most common options to be in English, but there is a second main part of the sentence — predicate! Any proposal of the English language are always present, and the subject and the predicate, so explore the theme of «Ckazuemoe in the English language» is essential.