The main parts of the sentence (main parts of the sentence), both in Russian and in English are the subject and predicate. This is the second article on another master of the sentence — predicate (the Predicate). For more information of the subject can be found in the article «The subject in the English language», posted on the blog in the «Grammar». If you have already learned, move on to the study of the predicate in the English language. This main part of the sentence refers to the action, the state and the quality of an object or a person subject to express this proposal. As we can see, the subject and predicate is fully connected to each other and depend on each other, and, as a rule, in the analysis of the sentence structure should be studied together.
Two types of predicate in English
In English, there is a predicate of two types: verbal (the Verbal Predicate) and the name (the Nominal Predicate). Verbal predicate defines the action expressed by the verb in the personal form (time, deposit and inclination can be any).
He arrived early in the morning.
We are working at the moment.
This woman studies English.
My mother and I have been living here for some years already.
John will move to another city.
All the proposals contain a simple verbal predicate (the Simple Verbal Predicate). But this predicate can also be difficult (the Compound Verbal Predicate). We can talk about the complex modal (the Modal Verbal Predicate) and complex phase predicate (the Aspect Verbal Predicate). The first consists of a modal verb and a verb infinitive without to (the exceptions are modal verbs ought to, to be to, to have to):
She can run fast.
We have to stop working.
My mother ought to be more polite to other people.
Jackie should join their group.
Tourists must respect traditions of foreign countries.
Phase verb in the English language — a predicate consisting of certain verbs that denote the beginning, the continuation, completion of the action, and the infinitive or gerund. Here are a few of phase verbs: to start, to begin (the two — start), to go on (continue), to finish, to stop, to cease (all three — to end, to stop).
His friend began to study foreign languages.
She started crying.
We went on strolling down the street.
A stranger finished introducing himself.
We now turn to the second type of the predicate in the English language, namely, to the name. This predicate represents the state of the quality characteristics of an object or a person, that is, it can not represent the action. Nominal predicate always consists of a verb — ligament (link verb) and the nominal part (the predicative). Ligamentous verbs enough, we will list only the main ones:
Verbs of existence:
- be (to be)
- look (look)
- feel (to feel)
- taste (feel the taste)
- sound (sound, sound)
- smell (to feel the smell)
- grow (to grow)
- get (reach, to become)
- become (become)
- turn (to become)
- prove (provided)
Verbs preserve the quality:
- remain (stay)
- keep (save)
- continue (continue)
- seem (seem)
- appear (to appear, to seem)
Eating in speech verbs ligament, we’re doing our speech more intense and emotional. For example:
He is upset. — He is sad.
He looks, feels, seems upset. — He looks sad, he feels sad, he seems sad.
As for the nominal part of the predicate in the English language, it can be expressed as a noun, pronoun, numeral, adjective infinitive, gerund, participle II. If you need more information on the blog there is a series of articles devoted to each of these parts of speech.
He is a first-year student.
Her voice sounded cheerful.
This skirt is quite cheap.
My duty is to take care of you.
Our hobby is collecting rare books.
I can not say that I am satisfied with my life.
And to remember a caveat. Verbal predicate is defined by an adverb, but here it is part of the compound is determined by the nominal predicate adjective. You can compare:
My friend is a good translator. — He translates well.