The construction to be going to do something very often used in the English language, both written and oral. It is one of the ways of expressing the future tense, but in turn, it is inherent only nuances that distinguish it from other expressions. Immediately it should be noted that included in the design to be going the phrase implies that we do not resort to its use in cases where we have the verb to go (go, go) and to come (to come). Better to take the form of Continuous-time group in any person and number. For example: I’m going … I’m coming.
When we use the phrase be going to in the English language? This is necessary in situations indicating or determining the intention of the speaker to perform an action in the near future. In other words, it is thought-out, planned action in advance. To properly handle this expression, we just need to remember the form of the auxiliary verb to be in all persons and numbers. Here they are:
- I am,
- you / we / they are,
- he / she / it is.
That was the moment, but that’s past:
- I / he / she / it was,
- you / we / they were.
It was possible to refresh your memory?
Let’s look at examples of how convenient to be going to an expression in the English language.
I’m going to a party tonight. What are you going to wear? — Today I’m going to a party (already scheduled event). What are you going to wear?
I’ve decided to repaint this room. What colour are you going to paint it? — I decided to repaint the room (planned action). What color will paint?
The denial of the proposal to be going to an expression in the English language is formed by the negative particle not, which is placed between the auxiliary verb be in the right form and the word going. For example:
She is not going to meet me. — She’s not going to meet with me.
To get the issue of this proposal, you need only the auxiliary verb to be in some form at the top to make proposals in the first place:
Is (not) she going to meet me?
The phrase be going to the English language, but represented in the plane of the past tense, namely, was / were going to, it means that someone is going to carry out any action in the future, but for some reason did not. What do I mean?
We were going to travel by train but then we decided to go by car. — We were going to travel by train, but then decided to go by car. (for example, thought that so economically advantageous or convenient)
Did Kate get married? No, she was going to get married but she changed her mind. — Kate married? No. She was going to marry, but then changed her mind. (e.g., another person met)
The different expression be going to the English language of the form of the simple future tense? After all, this expression is also used to represent the events of the future. When we need to show that there has been a preliminary any agreement that has already been planned in advance, we use the expression be going to the English language. For example:
Have you repaired my bicycle? Not yet, I am going to repair it tomorrow. — You fix my bike? Not yet, I will repair it tomorrow.
If the decision of the commission of the acts in the future, it was decided at the time of the conversation, we turn our attention to the form of time Future Simple:
I’ve got a terrible headache. Wait there, I will get an aspirin for you. — I have a terrible headache. Wait, I’ll get you some aspirin.
I can not work out how to use this camera. It’s quite easy. I will show you. — I can not understand how to use the camera. Easy, I’ll show you.
Is there a difference between the expression be going to the English language and the forms of the long time Present Continuous? Yes, and that’s what it is. When we use the Present Continuous, we focus on the arrangements made in advance (indicated by the time the ticket is purchased, etc.). If the proposal is present be going to the expression in the English language, we should note that there is a decision to do something. For example:
I’m meeting her tomorrow. — I’m meeting her tomorrow. (we have agreed to)
I’m going to meet her tomorrow. — I’m going to meet her tomorrow. (I decided, but she still does not know about it)
By the way, be going to the expression in the English language has another meaning. It is more likely, the inevitability of what is now something happens, commit some action in the future, because this has all the signs pointing to it. Look at the following examples:
The man can not see where he is going. There is a hole in front of him. He is going to fall into the hole. — A man going to fall (because he does not see where he was going, and before him the pit).
Look at these black clouds. It’s going to rain! — It seems to rain today (because the sky is covered with dark clouds).
I feel terrible. I think I’m going to be sick. — I must be sick (because they feel bad).
It’s 8 am Kyle is leaving his home. He has to be at work at 8.15 but the journey takes 30 minutes. He is going to be late. — Kyle probably late for work (because it was released in 8, and he had to be at work at 8:15, but it gets there only for half an hour).
This topic is closely related to the other as described in the articles that need to pay attention:
- «Future Tense in the English language»
- «Time Future Simple (simple future)»
- «Time Future Continuous (Future for a long time)»
- «Time Future Perfect (future perfect tense)»
- «Time Future Perfect Continuous»
After reading them, we recommend to pass the following test: «The test for the use of the future tense in English.»