In Grammar By Victoria

The modal verb SHALL (SHOULD)

The modal verb shall have two forms — the present (immediately shall) and elapsed time (should). Despite the fact that the two forms of the verbs, each of them has its own characteristics of use, its suitable situation, so we shall consider and should individually. Let’s start with the modal verb shall.

The modal verb SHALL

Before discussing the modality of this verb, it should be noted that this verb, as such, can also be secondary. In this type of company with an infinitive it is necessary for the formation of the future tense in English. For example:

Wait a moment! I shall call my boss. — Wait a minute! I’ll call the boss.

As a modal verb shall have multiple occurrences, that we, as usual, look at a list. So, modal verb shall we need to express:

  1. The order, specify, clarify instructions. In this embodiment, a modal verb shall interrogative sentences used in the first face.

    Shall I shut the door? — I close the door?

    When shall we wait for you? — When can we expect you?

  2. The promise, order, threat, warning from the speaker. Enters work deals affirmative and negative with the second and the third party as the singular and plural forms.

    Warn her that she shall pass the exam tomorrow. — To warn her that she will take the exam tomorrow.

    They shall regret if they say this. — They regret, if they say it is.

  3. Obligation in the agreements, contracts and other documents. Translation respectively will contain the word «should.»

    Within five days from the delivery date the seller shall send two sets of technical documents to the address of the buyer. — Within five days from the date of delivery the seller must be sent to the buyer’s address two sets of technical documents.

  4. Confidence. A phrase smb shall do smth can be interpreted as «someone will make sure.»

    You shall get your money back. — You have to get your money back.

The modal verb SHOULD

This form shall also modal verb can have not only a modality, but also act as an auxiliary verb in sentences containing a form of the «future-in-past» (Future-in-the-Past) or the subjunctive mood. For example, consider the following suggestions:

We assured her that we should soon come back. — We are convinced it will soon be back.

It is important that I should say «yes». — It is important for me to say «yes.»

She demanded that I should apologize to her. — She wanted me to apologize.

But at the moment we are interested in the modal meaning of the verb should. They have two, plus the nuances and important points, so go back to our handy list, notes especially the use of the modal verb should. With this verb, we usually express:

  1. The debt obligation (weakened to the council or reproach). This modal verb is not as strict as the must (which you can read in the article «Modal verb MUST»).

    A gentleman should be honest in his action. — Gentleman should be honest in their actions (deeds).

    If you want to succeed, you should have knowledge, experience and patience. — To succeed, you need to have the knowledge, experience and patience.

  2. Surprise, confusion, disturbance in interrogative sentences (emotional speech), after why / how.

    How should I know? — How do I know?

    Why should she lie? — Why should she lie?

  3. You may be a logical question — at which time it will be necessary to translate a particular proposal? How to determine the temporal relatedness? But for this is in the infinitive form, which is used with the modal verb should. That depends on it, what time the segment belongs to the situation.

    You should be working now instead of relaxing. — You have to work now, and not to relax. (moment of speech)

    You should consult a professional before taking any decision. — You should consult a specialist before taking any decision. (present or future)

    You should not eat so many sweets! — You should not eat so much candy!

    You should have thought about it before! — You should have thought of that before! (the use of the modal verb should, combined with perfect infinitive refers to the elapsed time and implies that the action was desirable, but it is not satisfied. In such proposals sound reprimand or rebuke)

    He should have accepted the invitation, why did he refuse it? — He should accept this invitation. Why does he refuse?

    You should have insisted on his being present at the rehearsal! — You had to insist that he came to rehearsal!

    You should not have followed her example all these years! — You should not have to take with her an example for so many years! (but the negative form of the same design means that the action still took place, but it was not desirable)

Despite the fact that the modal verbs shall and should value more, they are not difficult to understand and remember. Therefore, any difficulties with these modal verbs in English, you should arise.

This topic is closely related to the other as described in the articles that need to pay attention:

  • «Modal verb MUST»
  • «The modal verb HAVE TO»
  • «The modal verb NEED»
  • «Should, must or have to — a modal verb to choose? »
  • «The modal verb TO BE TO»

After reading them, we recommend to pass the following test: «Test # 2 on the use of modal verbs in the English language.»



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