In Grammar By Elena

The difference between the words, besides, except, and apart from

Word besides, except apart from and often confused and incorrect use, because they are all Russian translated as «but». Armed with this valuable knowledge, we have not really think about that word «but» can take positive and negative values. After reviewing the material in this article, look at the rules and examples, you will learn how to use words besides, except, and apart from in his speech.


  1. Besides — word with the «plus» which usually means «in addition further apart.»

    Besides Russian, he can speak English and French. — In addition to / in addition to Russian, he knows how to speak English and French.

    Therefore, he speaks three languages. Besides showing that the Russian language is included in the list of languages, which he owns.

    Besides Tom and Jane, I invited eight people to the party. — In addition to Tom and Jane, I invited eight people to the party.

    By the way besides we can determine that Tom and Jane are also invited.

    In addition, besides it can be used when it is necessary to emphasize to emphasize some point or add something important.

    He is not a responsible worker. Besides, he is always late! — It is not very responsible worker. Besides / moreover, it is always late!

    In the second sentence contains the information that the speaker believes an important addition to the previous statement.

  2. Except — this word with the sign «minus». This word excludes the item from the list. Except you can translate «the exception, not including the».

    We visited all European countries except (for) Germany. — We visited all the countries of Europe, except for / with the exception of Germany.

    By way except it is clear that Germany is not included in the list of countries that we have been able to visit.

    I invited eight people to the party except (for) Tom and Jane. — I’m invited to a party of eight, with the exception of Tom and Jane.

    Except Tom and Jane exclude from the list of guests.

    He can speak many languages ​​except Chinese. — He can speak many languages, except Chinese.

    Please note that in some cases except the word used for.

    We use except for:

    • Where it should be a noun or noun phrase containing a noun:

      The yard was empty except for the small dog. — In the courtyard there was no one, other than a small dog.

      The children were listening to the teacher except for the boys. — The children listen to the teacher, except for boys.

    • When words such as all, any, every, everything, everybody, no, nothing, nobody, whole and their derivatives for often overlooked (but sometimes can be used if, after the update is):

      I have told everybody except (for) John, who can not keep secrets. — I told everyone, except John, who does not know how to keep secrets.

      Nothing will change except (for) your salary. — Nothing will change except your salary.

    • However, if part of the word except stands at the beginning of the proposal, for — certainly, and this part of the proposal separated by a comma:

      Except for John, I have told everybody.

      Except for your salary, nothing will change.

    • Before prepositions and conjunctions set only except:

      I can sleep everywhere except on a bus. — I can sleep anywhere, but not on the bus.

      She is very polite except when she is angry. — She’s very polite, except when she is angry.

      He could not find any other job except as a refuse collector. — He could not find other work, but work scavenger.

    • Remember that after the except (for), we use personal pronouns in the objective case: me, him, her, us, them (you and it remains unchanged):

      Everybody knew about the latest news except (for) me. — All are aware of the latest news, except for me.

      All participants arrived except (for) him. — All participants came except him.

      We all are ready except (for) you. — We are all ready, but you.

  3. Apart from we can use in both senses: the inclusion and exclusion.

    Apart from Russian, he can speak English and French. (apart from = besides)

    We visited all European countries apart from Germany. (apart from = except)

    You may ask: how to distinguish between what value is used apart from? We differ only in context.

  4. Keep in mind that after the words no, nobody, nothing, and similar words with a negative value, you can use any of the three words (besides / except / apart from).

    My brother has nothing to do besides / except / apart from watching TV. — The only thing my brother does is watching TV.

    She can play no musical instruments besides / except / apart from the piano. — The only musical instrument she can play is the piano.

    I have nobody to rely on besides / except / apart from my best friend. — The only person I can rely on is my best friend.

We reviewed the most frequent use of words besides, except, apart from, but do not forget, they can be used in other values, be different parts of speech (eg, except can act as a verb (to exclude, to protest, mind), and the words besides apart and can be adverbs).

To secure this knowledge, we invite you to pass a little test.
Insert offer besides or except (for).

 

Grammar

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