In English, there are 12 times the actual deposit. For us, this number seems huge, and it seems that the British times it is very difficult to understand. In fact, it is not so, and with practice, students learn to choose the right time.
But in the initial stages of learning a way to remember all the time is a useful function. It does not matter whether you are teaching English through Skype or Tutor, you will definitely need this table. We encourage you to use the summary table of the English language with examples at first, so as not to get lost in time.
We invite you to explore and download two tables: Education table of times and the use of the English language. The first showed how the times are formed in the English language, and the second lists all the functions of the time with English examples. The tables are based on articles about how to learn the times in English, published in the blog, so if you want to read more about this or that time, just type its name in the site search.
Table of English Education Times
↓ Download the table since the formation of the English language (* .pdf, 50 KB)
|Simple|| Aux. Ch .: do / does
Window-e: -, -s
Formula: V (+ s)
+ I work
— I do not work
? Do I work?
| Aux. Ch .: did
Window-e: — ed, —
The formula: V2
+ I worked
— I did not work
? Did I work?
| Aux. Ch .: will / shall
Formula: will / shall + V
+ I will work
— I will not work
? Will I work?
|Continuous|| Aux. Ch .: be (is / am / are)
Formula: am / is / are + Ving
+ I am working
— I am not working
? Am I working?
| Aux. Ch .: was / were
Formula: was / were + Ving
+ I was working
— I was not working
? Was I working?
| Aux. Ch .: will be / shall be
Formula: will / shall + be + Ving
+ I will be working
— I will not be working
? Will I be working?
|Perfect|| Aux. Ch .: have / has
Formula: have / has + V3
+ I have worked
— I have not worked
? Have I worked?
| Aux. Ch .: had
Formula: had + V3
+ I had worked
— I had not worked
? Had I worked?
| Aux. Ch .: will have / shall have
Formula: will / shall + have V3
+ I will have worked
— I will not have worked
? Will I have worked?
|Perfect Continuous|| Aux. Ch .: I have been / has been
Formula: have / has + been + Ving
+ I have been working
— I have not been working
? Have I been working?
| Aux. Ch .: had been
The formula: had been + Ving
+ I had been working
— I had not been working
? Had I been working?
| Aux. Ch .: will have been / shall have been
Formula: will / shall + have been + Ving
+ I will have been working
— I will not have been working
? Will I have been working?
Table use the English language
↓ Download the table use the English language (* .pdf, 85 KB)
|Simple|| I work
1) Usually, repetitive action
I always close the window at night.
2) The laws and phenomena of nature, scientific findings, facts
The sun rises in the east.
3) Domestic situation
Do you want to spend a lot of money here?
4) Stories, stories, reviews, sports commentary
Then the prince gets on his horse and rides away.
5) train schedule, sessions at the cinema
The plane from London arrives at 17:40.
| I worked
1) The fact that a single or completed action in the past
The Titanic sank in 1912.
I went to Germany two years ago.
2) The last few acts that occurred in chronological order.
I woke up, took a shower, got dressed and went out to have breakfast in a café.
3) Repeat steps in the past
I took English courses when I was twelve.
| I will work
1) Simple single action in the future
He will miss the bus.
2) Action which will take a certain period of time in the future
Will you be my friend?
3) The sequence of actions in the future
I will meet you and tell you the whole story.
4) Repeat steps in the future
I will visit you a few times while I’m in London.
5) Suggestions or ideas about the future
I’m afraid the rain will not stop soon.
6) decisions taken at the time of the conversation
I will order a steak and chips, and you?
7) The promise, offer, threats, pleas
Do not worry, everything will be alright.
|Continuous|| I am working
1) The action is happening at the moment in question, or the real time
I can not understand what you are talking about now.
I am reading a new novel by Fedor Dostoevsky.
2) Action covering a time period in the present
She is studying at the institute.
3) changing situation
Is your Russian getting better now?
4) The planned action (known time and place)
I’m meeting my sister at 5 at the café.
5) The action in the near future (with verbs of motion)
They are moving to the other city.
6) To express negative characteristics
She is always interrupting me when I’m talking.
| I was working
1) Long-term action that occurred at some point in the past
We were playing chess at 5 o’clock.
2) Two or more long-term action in the past took place at the same time
She was playing piano and her sister was singing.
3) Long-term action in the past, which is interrupted by another (usually shorter) action.
As he was taking a shower, somebody knocked at his door.
4) In describing the environment or atmosphere
He entered the door. The candles were burning in the corners and the smell of cigarettes was filling the room.
5) To express negative characteristics
The boy was constantly playing tricks on his poor mother.
| I will be working
1) An action that will occur at some point in the future
This time next Sunday we will be flying to Hawaii.
2) An action that, in the opinion of the speaker, will necessarily occur in the future
He will not be meeting you tomorrow, because he has fallen ill.
3) A polite question about the plans of the interlocutor in the near future, especially when we need to get this man something done for us
Will you be using the printer for long? I need to print a document promptly.
|Perfect|| I have worked
1) The action is fully completed in the past, but having a real connection with the result of this action through
We have bought a new car, so it’s time to sell the old one.
2) The action, which started in the past and continues to the present
We have known each other since school years.
3) in subordinate clauses of time after the unions when, before, after, as soon as, till, until, to pass on to future action, which will end before the action of the main clause
I’ll serve you a dessert only after you have eaten the main course.
| I had worked
1) An action that occurred prior to a point in the past
By the end of the year she had learned to cook.
Fortunately the rain had stopped before we left the house.
2) The action, which started in the past and lasted before or during other time in the past
I got to know that Mary and Jacob had not met since our wedding.
3) the phrase «… has not passed, and how,» «did not have time … and how», «almost», «only»
He had not said a few words when somebody interrupted him.
We had scarcely finished dinner when Lily brought a big cake.
| I will have worked
1) The Future of action that will end up to a certain point in the future
I will have translated the article by noon.
By the time you come home, I will have cooked dinner.
2) Past intended effect («should», «likely»)
The reader will have noticed our negative attitude to any form of nationalism.
|Perfect Continuous|| I have been working
1) The action, which started in the past, lasted for some time and continues to be made in this
She has been cooking dinner for three hours already.
2) Long-term action in the past, that ended immediately before the speech, and the result of this action has an impact on the present
The streets are wet. It has been raining all the morning.
| I had been working
1) Long-term action that began before a certain point in the past and continues at this time
She had been cooking for an hour when I came.
2) the duration of the action that began before a certain point in the past and finished in front of him
They had been discussing some important matters and he looked upset after that conversation.
| I will have been working
1) The future of long-term effect, which will begin before the date or other future actions and will continue at this time
I will have been working at the project for a month when you join me.