In Grammar By Alexandra

Table of irregular verbs in English

The verb can be called the most difficult part of English speech. The proposal English verb is always in one of its forms, and only the knowledge of all the nuances of formation will help to understand the meaning of the sentence.


All English verbs are divided into regular (Regular Verbs) and irregular (Irregular Verbs). This division is reflected in how to form verbs form the simple past tense (Past Simple) and the past participle (Participle II).

Regular verbs form their shapes according to certain rules, namely by means of the end ed.

But the form of irregular verbs do not have a fixed end, so they’ll just have to learn. However, studying the table of irregular verbs in the English language, you will notice that they are produced in several models.

Irregular verbs are not so many, and most of them — are very common and essential words in the language. For the convenience of studying all the irregular verbs in English accepted to represent the table in alphabetical order. Some irregular verbs can have two different forms of method of formation, in this case, both embodiments are indicated in the table. More about the irregular verbs can be read in the article «Three forms of irregular verbs» at our site.

We offer you just remember not only the three forms of irregular verbs and their translation. You can download the table of irregular verbs in English or use it directly on the site. You can also test their knowledge, passing the test «The test for regular and irregular verbs in the English language.»

Table of irregular verbs in English

↓ Download the table of irregular verbs (* .pdf, 90 KB)

Infinitive Past Simple Participle II Translation
abide abode (abided) abode (abided) abide, tolerate, abide
arise arose arisen occur climb
awake awoke awoken wake
be was (were) been be
bear bore born bear, give birth
beat beat beaten beat
become became become become
begin began begun start
bend bent bent bend
bet bet bet bet
bid bade (bid) bidden (bid) bid
bind bound bound associate
bite bit bitten bite
bleed bled bled bleed
blend blended (blent) blended (blent) mix
bless blessed (blest) blessed (blest) bless
blow blew blown blow
break broke broken break
breed bred bred multiply
bring brought brought bring
build built built build
burn burnt (burned) burnt (burned) burn, burn
burst burst (bursted) burst (bursted) explode
buy bought bought buy
cast cast cast throw conduct casting
catch caught caught catch
choose chose chosen choose
cling clung clung cling
come came come come
cost cost cost cost
creep crept crept creep
cut cut cut cut
dare durst (dared) dared (at) Cost
deal dealt dealt make business
dig dug dug dig
do did done do
draw drew drawn draw, pull
dream dreamed (dreamt) dreamed (dreamt) dream
drink drank drunk drink
drive drove driven to drive a car
dwell dwelt dwelt inhabit, to stop
eat ate eaten there is
fall fell fallen fall
feed fed fed feed
feel felt felt feel
fight fought fought fight
find found found find
flee fled fled elope
fling flung flung rush
fly flew flown fly
forbid forbade forbidden ban
forget forgot forgotten forget
forgive forgave forgiven forgive
freeze froze frozen freeze
get got got (gotten) get
give gave given give
go went gone go
grind ground ground grind, grind
grow grew grown grow
hang hung hung hang
have (has) had had have
hear heard heard hear
heave heaved (hove) heaved (hove) raise
hew hewed hewn (hewed) hack
hide hid hidden hide
hit hit hit hit, hitting
hold held held keep
hurt hurt hurt to cause a pain
keep kept kept contain support
kneel knelt (kneeled) knelt (kneeled) kneel
knit knitted (knit) knitted (knit) knit
know knew known know
lay laid laid lay, lay
lead led led lead, lead
lean leant (leaned) leant (leaned) lean, lean
leap leapt (leaped) leapt (leaped) jump
learn learnt (learned) learnt (learned) study, learn
leave left left to leave
lend lent lent to lend
let let let allow
lie lay lain lie
light lit lit light, illuminate
lose lost lost lose
make made made do handicrafts
mean meant meant mean
meet met met meet, meet
mow mowed mown mow
pay paid paid pay
put put put put, put
read read read read
rend rent rent divorce, separate
rid rid (ridded) rid (ridded) liberate, deliver
ride rode ridden ride
ring rang rung call
rise rose risen ascend, ascend
run ran run flee
saw sawed sawn (sawed) nag
say said said say
see saw seen see
seek sought sought look for
sell sold sold sell
send sent sent send
set set set plant, installed
sew sewed sewn (sewed) sew
shake shook shaken shake
shed shed shed shed
shine shone shone shine, shine
shoot shot shot shoot
show showed shown show
shrink shrank shrunk shrink
shut shut shut to close, shutting
sing sang sung sing
sink sank sunk dive, fall
sit sat sat sit
slay slew slain kill
sleep slept slept sleep
slide slid slid slide
smell smelt smelt smell, sniff
smite smote smitten break, combat
sow sowed sown (sowed) sow
speak spoke spoken speak
speed sped (speeded) sped (speeded) race
spell spelt (spelled) spelt (spelled) read letters
spend spent spent spend, spend
spill spilt (spilled) spilt (spilled) pour
spin spun spun twist, spin
spit spat spat spit
split split split split, cleave
spoil spoilt (spoiled) spoilt (spoiled) botch
spread spread spread deploy, distribute
spring sprang sprung jump, jumping
stand stood stood stand
steal stole stolen steal
stick stuck stuck stick, stick
sting stung stung sting
stink stank stunk stink
strike struck struck strike, strike
string strung strung strung strung
strive strove (strived) striven (strived) try to strive
swear swore sworn swear swear
sweep swept swept sweep
swell swelled swollen (swelled) swell
swim swam swum swim
swing swung swung swing
take took taken take
teach taught taught train
tear tore torn tear
tell told told tell
think thought thought think
thrive thrived (throve) thrived thrive, flourish
throw threw thrown throw
thrust thrust thrust push, shove
understand understood understood understand
upset upset upset overturn, upset
wake woke woken wake
wear wore worn wear clothes)
weave wove woven weave
wed wedded (wed) wedded (wed) marry
weep wept wept cry, sweat
win won won win
wind wound wound wind the watch, wound
wring wrung wrung twist, twist
write wrote written write

 

Grammar

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