The scope of human activities is extensive. Perhaps that is why the new field of knowledge is inexhaustible. Ever since man was faced with the need to communicate, he concluded that in all situations the usual way of communicating to him, or rather, what he says (language tools), can fully convey the desired information to the recipient. Since that time, we can talk about the appearance of speech styles. From a historical point of view, to indicate the exact date, we can not, because even prehistoric man in his speech tried a completely different words (or sounds) when dealing with the family and with the head of the tribe, if he really was reasonable at the time.
Style — is the choice of linguistic means by which you want to convey information. The choice of style depends on the scope of rights and the ultimate goal of informative messages.
Learning Styles in English study science, which is called «Stylistics». Styles of English varied. Those or other styles, as well as the need to use them, arose with the development of mankind, or rather, with the spheres of its activity.
Newspaper style (a kind of journalistic style)
The purpose of the newspaper style — to inform the reader. In the English-language newspaper style of English, referred to as a newspaper style, does not contain the author’s assessment. He is represented in news reports, informational purposes only. Copyright assessment contain articles commentators, editorial columns. These materials contain a subjective point of view.
For English language newspaper style characterized by the use of political and economic terms, as well as newspaper cliche, abbreviations and neologisms. Grammatical features of news reports is the presence of complex syntax. This is due to the need to set out briefly the most large number of facts.
Scientific style of English for professionals with relevant expertise. In connection with the foregoing, the transfer must be made with the conventional system of translation of technical texts (link to the article about the technical texts). The syntax must be coherent and stereotyped. Each paragraph in the text begins with a key proposal carrying the main idea.
Oratorical style (option journalistic style)
Styles of English language study and suggests a monologue, a notable example of which is the oratorical style. The main purpose of this style — Check correctness of the provisions put forward. Stylistic feature is the use of all kinds of repeats.
This style originated in the English language-based speech. This style is characterized by speech compression, truncated form (is not, will not), abbreviations (ad, PC).
Ofitsialno- business style
This is the style of official documents and correspondence. Using this style allows you to ensure clarity of information. The stylistic character — an abundance of clichés and stereotypical cliches.
This style of English used in the literature. Unlike newspaper style, the art style is intended to express the thoughts and feelings of the author. Characterized imagery, emotionality. Using this style of various linguistic means: metaphor, epithet, anaphora, inversion.