In English there is no such grammatical categories as «kind», itself a noun can refer to the real sex and gender of the object in question, or their absence. But here too there are pitfalls, which we’ll talk. The basic rule that we use when choosing personal pronouns, directly pointing to the object belongs to a particular sex, is as follows: he / she — treat people, it — to the subjects. And now we turn our attention to some important points:
- As a rule, speaking about the animals, we use the pronoun it, but we can also hear, for example, the following statement:
Go and find the cat and give her food.
Such use of pronouns is very common when it comes to pets, our favorite, to whom we feel affection, not to hurt them probably. In such cases, you can replace which to who.
I love my cat, who always sleeps in my bed
- Some people also use the pronoun she, speaking of cars and motorcycles, as is often the sailors, saying, ships and boats, using all the same pronoun she, while other people will most likely use it.
Do you like your new car? — Yes, she is terrific!
The boat’s struck a rock! She ‘s sinking!
- Usually, in English, used the pronouns he / him / his, when it was not known whether it is a man or a woman, especially a more formal style. Today is the use of pronouns is not quite correct, and more preferred is to use the forms he or she, him or her, his or her.
If an employee is ill, he or she must send medical certificate.
At the same time, in a more informal environment, and even more colloquially, you can safely use the pronoun they, especially after words that do not indicate a belonging to a certain sex, somebody, anybody, nobody, person.
If anybody wants my cake, they can have it.
There’s somebody asking for you. — Tell them I’m out.
- In English, there are a number of words that change their shape, depending on whether it is a man or a woman. Incidentally, this also applies to the names of some animals.
Animals cock / rooster cock hen a hen leopard leopard leopardess leopardess bull bull cow cow drake drake duck duck fox Fox vixen fox tiger tiger tigress tigress boar boar sow pig sow stallion stallion mare mare lion lion lioness lioness ram sheep ewe sheep stag stag doe / hind doe gander gander goose goose People count graph countess countess king king queen queen tsar king tsarina queen emperor emperor empress empress duke duke duchess duchess widower widower widow widow actor actor actress actress hero hero heroine heroine landlord homeowner landlady landlady bridegroom groom bride bride wizard sorcerer witch witch master master mistress hostess waiter waiter waitress waitress usher usher usherette usherette lad guy lass girl gentleman Mr. lady lady shepherd herdsman shepherdess shepherdess heir heir heiress heiress god god goddess goddess murderer killer man murderess assassin woman bachelor bachelor spinster single woman nephew nephew niece niece masseur masseur masseuse masseuse fiancé groom fiancée bride man servant servant maid maid
I hope in this article you have found a new material for yourself, but also managed to top up your vocabulary.