In Grammar By Catherine

Rhode nouns

In English there is no such grammatical categories as «kind», itself a noun can refer to the real sex and gender of the object in question, or their absence. But here too there are pitfalls, which we’ll talk. The basic rule that we use when choosing personal pronouns, directly pointing to the object belongs to a particular sex, is as follows: he / she — treat people, it — to the subjects. And now we turn our attention to some important points:

  1. As a rule, speaking about the animals, we use the pronoun it, but we can also hear, for example, the following statement:

    Go and find the cat and give her food.

    Such use of pronouns is very common when it comes to pets, our favorite, to whom we feel affection, not to hurt them probably. In such cases, you can replace which to who.

    I love my cat, who always sleeps in my bed

  2. Some people also use the pronoun she, speaking of cars and motorcycles, as is often the sailors, saying, ships and boats, using all the same pronoun she, while other people will most likely use it.

    Do you like your new car? Yes, she is terrific!

    The boat’s struck a rock! She ‘s sinking!

  3. Usually, in English, used the pronouns he / him / his, when it was not known whether it is a man or a woman, especially a more formal style. Today is the use of pronouns is not quite correct, and more preferred is to use the forms he or she, him or her, his or her.

    If an employee is ill, he or she must send medical certificate.

    At the same time, in a more informal environment, and even more colloquially, you can safely use the pronoun they, especially after words that do not indicate a belonging to a certain sex, somebody, anybody, nobody, person.

    If anybody wants my cake, they can have it.

    There’s somebody asking for you. Tell them I’m out.

  4. In English, there are a number of words that change their shape, depending on whether it is a man or a woman. Incidentally, this also applies to the names of some animals.
    cock / rooster cock hen a hen
    leopard leopard leopardess leopardess
    bull bull cow cow
    drake drake duck duck
    fox Fox vixen fox
    tiger tiger tigress tigress
    boar boar sow pig sow
    stallion stallion mare mare
    lion lion lioness lioness
    ram sheep ewe sheep
    stag stag doe / hind doe
    gander gander goose goose
    count graph countess countess
    king king queen queen
    tsar king tsarina queen
    emperor emperor empress empress
    duke duke duchess duchess
    widower widower widow widow
    actor actor actress actress
    hero hero heroine heroine
    landlord homeowner landlady landlady
    bridegroom groom bride bride
    wizard sorcerer witch witch
    master master mistress hostess
    waiter waiter waitress waitress
    usher usher usherette usherette
    lad guy lass girl
    gentleman Mr. lady lady
    shepherd herdsman shepherdess shepherdess
    heir heir heiress heiress
    god god goddess goddess
    murderer killer man murderess assassin woman
    bachelor bachelor spinster single woman
    nephew nephew niece niece
    masseur masseur masseuse masseuse
    fiancé groom fiancée bride
    man servant servant maid maid

I hope in this article you have found a new material for yourself, but also managed to top up your vocabulary.



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