The pronoun is used instead of a noun, hence its name. About this we can say about pronouns in Russian. The variety of pronouns in the English language may surprise students began to study English. However, having familiarized in detail with each group of pronouns, you’ll never confuse them, as each is solely their grammatical functions.
Groups pronouns in English
Pronouns in English are used not only instead of a noun, but an adjective instead of a name.
Nick wrote the letter. He posted it at 5 o’clock. — Nick wrote a letter. He sent him to 5 hours.
The day was cold. Such days are not my favorite. — The day was cold. I do not like these days.
Pronouns in the English language are divided into the following groups:
- Personal pronouns
- Possessive pronouns
- Reflexive pronouns
- Demonstrative pronouns
- Interrogative pronouns
- Indefinite pronouns
Personal Pronouns (Personal Pronouns) act as a subject. The pronoun I (I) is always written with a capital letter. The pronoun you (you) is the plural form, but may be true for one person.
Tom and Sam, you have to go to the park. — Tom and Sam, you have to go to the park.
Tom, you have to go to the park. — Tom, you (you) have to go to the park.
The pronouns he / she used against animate persons; it — in relation to inanimate objects, animals and abstract concepts.
Personal pronouns in the English language changed on cases if they are used in the proposal as the subject, they are in the nominative case; if they are used as a supplement, they are in the objective case.
|Nominative case||Objective case|
| I I
it is, he, she
| me me me
him him him
her her her
it to him / her, his / her
| we we
you, you, you, you
| us us us
you you you
them them them
Membership of any object or person expresses possessive pronouns (Possessive Pronouns) and have two forms, pronouns, adjectives and pronouns, nouns.
Possessive pronouns, adjectives are the definition of the noun, and always stand in front of him. In this case, the article before the noun is not used.
My book is on the shelf. — My book on the shelf.
| My my
its his / her
| Our Our
Possessive pronouns, nouns in shape somewhat similar to pronouns, adjectives, but then they never put a noun.
This is not my car, mine is red. — This is not my car, my — red.
| my mine
its him / her
| our ours
Reflexive pronouns in English (Reflexive Pronouns) are used to express the return value, indicating that the operation proceeds to the very character.
He cut himself. — He cut Xia.
Sometimes they are used to enhance the value of a noun or pronoun.
I did it myself. — I did it myself.
- I — myself
- you — yourself
- he — himself
- she — herself
- we — ourselves
- you — yourselves
- they — themselves
Demonstrative pronouns (Demonstrative Pronouns) have the singular forms: this (that this is), that (he, she, it), and the plural forms: these (these), those (ones).
For interrogative pronouns in English (Interrogative Pronouns) are: who (whom), whose, what, which. The proposal is often serve as the subject.
Who is there? — Who’s there?
Pronouns much, many, little, few, all, both, each, every, none are indefinite pronouns (Indefinite Pronouns).
Pronouns in English help avoid repetition, whereby their use in speech plays an important role.