On our blog has an article devoted to the present time in English. If you are already familiar with it, then you know that the most simple and, in principle, the most obvious thing for us is the simple present time or Present Simple. Another name for this grammatical category — Present Indefinite. Choose something which you like best. Now we take a closer look at what is the time Present Simple, how and when to use it.
As forms Present Simple: the rules and example sentences
If you define a time Present Simple Tense few words, it turns out that this time, which is used if the action is happening in the usual, customary, constant (regular), taking place at the moment. Perhaps the main difference from the Present Simple Present Continuous is the fact that the second action for a long time (in the process), or what is happening at the moment of speech. In the first time we are talking about action at all (as a statement of fact).
What are the principles of education Present Simple? First you need to answer two questions: what type of offers (affirmative, negative or interrogative), and whether the predicate in this sentence the main verb or auxiliary verb to be. Based on the responses, and will build our scheme of education time Present Simple.
Affirmative proposal if the proposal main verb, the time for education Present Simple Tense we use it the first dictionary form without the particle to. Of special note is the third person singular of the verb, it is represented by pronouns (he), it (she), it (it). In this case, you have to add to the main verb ending — s (- es). Option end depends on spelling. At the end of this appendix may be some transformation of verbs, so be sure to pay attention to the spelling rules on the subject. If the sentence the verb to be, select the appropriate form for your subject (I am; you are; he, she, it is; we are; they are).
Consider the example sentences Present Simple Tense.
I always close the window at night. — In the evening, I always close my window.
The sun rises in the east. — The sun rises in the east.
This apartment is very expensive. It costs a lot of money. — This apartment is quite expensive.
In Ukraine banks are open from Monday till Friday. — In Ukraine, banks are open from Monday to Friday.
Negative proposal Present Simple: when we want to display the currently simpler time in a negative sentence (when someone does not do something or that something is going on, and so on. D.), We turn to the auxiliary verbs do, and does, combined with a negative particle not. First we need in all cases except the aforementioned third person singular, which is used in the second. Note that when using the end does — s (- es) from the main verbs disappears. When it comes to the verb to be, simply add particle it not, and you’re done.
The boys do not (do not) cry. — Boys do not Cry.
Usually my friend does not (does not come) late. — Usually my friend comes early (that comes later).
Sheila’s garden is not (is not) so perfect as far as I know. — As far as I know, the garden Sheila not perfect.
We are not (are not) travellers; we are citizens of this city. — We are not travelers, we are citizens of this city.
Interrogative sentences Present Simple Tense: for the formation of these proposals in the simple present tense, we take the familiar auxiliaries do / does, if the action expressed by the main verb. Put do / does need to offer to the top by removing from the main verb ending — s (- es), if it is a 3rd person singular. If the action is represented by the verb to be, simply put it at the top and ready interrogative sentence.
Does Ann have a rest in Crimea every summer? — Anna has a rest in Crimea every summer?
Do you want to spend a lot of money here? — Do you want to spend a lot of money here?
Is he your younger brother? — He’s your younger brother?
Are they ready to start negotiations? — They are ready to start negotiations?
Eating time Present Simple Tense
Below are the cases where it is necessary to use time Present Simple:
- As we mentioned, the ordinary, repetitive actions.
- In the proposals, describing the laws and phenomena of nature, scientific results, the facts, the axioms.
- Expressing emotions and feelings.
- In the description of everyday situations.
- Recounting a story or anecdote (list of events)
- When the action is in the schedule independently of us (train schedules, sessions at the cinema, etc.)
Time Present Simple can replace and Present Continuous (with verbs of thought, sensory perception, desire, speech), and the Future Simple (in sentences time and conditions). Words-Present Simple satellites are adverbs of frequency (often, usually, sometimes, seldom, rarely, never, twice / three times / five times a week).
Compared to other times of the English language, the rules of use Present Simple Tense is no big deal. To understand it? Go to the next time!
This topic is closely related to the other as described in the articles that need to pay attention:
- «Currently, the English»
- «Time Present Continuous»
- «Time Present Perfect (Present Perfect Time)»
- «Time Present Perfect Continuous»
After reading them, we recommend to pass the following test: «test group times Present».