In Grammar By Inna

Prepositions in English

Difficulties in learning English there are many. One of the most common — it excuses not exactly their presence, and the discrepancy of values ​​in Russian and English. I would like to not only understand all the intricacies of use, but also to answer the question: «Why so many excuses?»

General information about the prepositions in English

The special love of prepositions in English due to the need. Russian language — the language syntax, and the relationship between words in a sentence are established by means of endings. English — the language of analytical and here performs the same function as fixed word order. To express the relationship of a noun to other words in the Russian language are the case. In the absence of such in English this crucial role played by prepositions.

The proposal, in most cases the preposition stands before noun or pronoun.

He goes to school. — He goes to school.

The exceptions are:

  1. Direct and indirect questions.

    Who are you working with? — C What are you?

    She asks what you are working at. — She asks what you’re working.

  2. Attributive clause offers

    This is the boy who I went out with. — It’s a boy with whom I went for a walk.

  3. Some kinds of passive revolutions

    He was sent for. — Behind him was sent.

  4. Attributive infinitive momentum

    I have no reason to laugh at. — I do not laugh at.

Prepositions in English express different relationships: spatial, temporal, causal. There are prepositions that perform grammatical function, that is, when the transfer of the Russian oblique case and lose their lexical meaning.

The preposition of in conjunction with the name noun or pronoun corresponds to the genitive.

The window of the house — the house window

Preposition to in conjunction with the name of the noun or pronoun corresponds to the dative.

Give it to me — Give it to me

The preposition by, when he expressed in the passive voice of the verb relation to the amendment, translated ablative.

It was done by a stranger — This was a stranger

Some verbs can be used with a variety of pretexts, changing their lexical meaning. These verbs are called phrasal

  • Look for — look
  • Look at — look

Prepositions in English are also part of a large number of Expressions

  • At last — at last
  • for ever — ever

Prepositions are divided into simple (in, on), complex (into, onto), and component (in front of, next to).

The best way to understand the prepositions in English — it’s not an analogy with the Russian language. In most cases, a particular use of the preposition should memorize.



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