It would seem that may be difficult to compare the two object or phenomenon, and then to oppose them? Yes, the job is not really the most difficult, given the fact that, as a rule, we understand the essence of objects and phenomena, know what they like, that they are different, but draw their ideas in a long coherent story can be very difficult. Have you ever wondered why this happens? The answer is very simple: to make your speech sounded logical, coherent and accessible needs to know a particular language, which is used to compare and contrast things.
|Expression (expression)||Notes (comment)|
|1. A comparison between something (someone) and something (someone).|| Used when two things are compared.
She does not like when somebody draws a comparison between her and her sister. — She does not like, when someone compares her and her sister.
|2. A comparison of|| Used when compared several aspects of the subject.
Linguists make a comparison of different approaches to teaching. — Linguists compare different approaches to learning.
|3. In comparison with / to|| With and to be used with the same meaning. In American English more likely to use compared with.
In comparison to / with the last film I saw this comedy was awful. — In comparison with the last film I saw this comedy was terrible.
|4. As compared to|| It is used to emphasize the big difference in something.
35% of teenagers smoke, as compared to 45% adults. — 35% of teens smoke, compared with 45% of adults.
|5. Analogies between|| A comparison between things that have similar features, features.
Our CEO made an analogy between sport and business. — Our CEO has drawn an analogy between sports and business.
| 6. Differences and similarities between
7. Differences in
| Differences and similarities between something.
Between — where different groups of people or things are compared.
Differences and similarities between generations. — The differences and similarities between the generations.
In — when some aspects of the phenomenon are compared.
There is a big difference in the attitudes of village and city people. — There is a big difference in relation to people from villages and towns.
|8. The distinction between|| The difference between two similar things.
Do you have the same distinction between amateurish and professional sport as we do? — Do you have the same distinction between professional and amateur sports, as we do?
|9. Different from|| Something from something different.
From — most often used in speech.
Today the environment is different from the one we had 20 years ago. — Today, the environment is different from the one that was 20 years ago.
Useful expression Bindings for comparing and contrasting
- Similarly (likewise) — in the same way as well.
56% of the male respondents answered negatively. Similarly, 34% of female respondents said they would never give up smoking. — 56% of male respondents answered negatively. Similarly, 34% of women said they never quit.
- Contrast between — the contrast between the difference.
There is a contrast between country life and city life. — There is a difference between life in the city and in the suburbs.
- To be (more) likely to — more likely to be more prone.
Women are more likely to shop in this mall than men. — Women are more likely to to shop in the mall than men.
- Conversely (vice versa) — on the contrary.
Conversely, men will do shopping at that mall across the street. — Conversely, the men will be shopping at the mall across the street.
- Unlike — in contrast.
Unlike your brother I work as a manager. — Unlike your brother, I worked as a manager.
- Whereas — while.
Nurses ‘salaries have risen substantially, whereas teachers’ pay has not changed a bit. — Salaries of nurses have increased significantly, while the teachers’ salaries have not changed in any way.
- Rather than — rather than; but not.
Jim decided to break up with her rather than admit his fault. — Jim decided to break up with her, and not to confess guilt.
- On the one hand on the other hand — on the one hand, on the other hand.
On the one hand, expansion of the Internet made a lot of improvements. On the other hand, it brought about a lot of problems. — C on the one hand, the expansion of the Internet has made many improvements. On the other hand, it has brought a lot of problems.
- The reverse is true — vice versa.
In the north, the weather is colder. In the south the reverse is true and warm weather is common there. — In the north, the weather is colder. In the south, on the contrary, and warm weather — it’s a common thing there.
- Pale in comparison — pales in comparison with.
Jane is pale in comparison with her sister. — Jane faded (in the sense does not stand out) compared with her sister.
- To be polar opposites — to be polar opposites.
His attitude to me and other people is polar opposites. — His attitude to me and to other people — it is the polar opposite.
- There is a yawning gap (world of difference) between — there is a huge difference (chasm) between.
There is a yawning gap between rich and poor that grows every day. — The huge difference (chasm) between rich and poor is growing every day.
- Something is a far cry from something — something very far away from something (referring to the difference, not the distance).
London is a far cry from the town I was born in. — London is very far from the town where I was born.
This lexicon will be useful to everyone, even those who are just beginning to learn English. In addition, if you will take the exam for international certificate, you also need to know the words to compare and contrast. Because, for example, in the oral part of such examinations as the FCE (First Certificate in English), CAE (Certificate in Advanced English), CPE (Certificate of Proficiency in English) has the task to describe the picture. You will be given 5-6 pictures about similar subjects, and your job will «compare and contrast these pictures», t. E. Compare and contrast these pictures and answer the question. In such a case, this vocabulary will be most welcome!