The following words, with which we will work, is a phrasal verb take, the number of values that are as large as that of the verb get. If you look in the dictionary to find that entry is devoted to this verb takes more than one page, and examples of its use are not so little. We are interested in a combination of different phrasal verb English pretexts by which that word takes on new values different from its core.
The values take phrasal verb
As we know, the original meaning of the verb is passed with the following words — take, take, catch. In what other values you can meet this phrasal verb?
- Take after — resemble the (parents, relatives)
Jane is very short — she takes after her grandmother. — Jane is very short, she went to her grandmother.
- Take along — take with you (on the road), drive, bring
She took her sister along to the hospital. — She took my sister to the hospital.
Take me along. — Take me with you.
- Take apart — disassemble, analyze, criticize (scold, chastise someone)
He spent two days taking his car apart. — It is two days on assorted parts of your car.
The director will take her excuses apart. — The director quickly sort out her excuses.
- Take aside — move aside, withdraw (for a call)
It was a serious question and she decided to take him aside in order not to involve others in the discussion. — It was a serious question, and she decided to take him to the side, not to involve others in the discussion.
- Take away — clean, pick, pick; subtract, take away
He was taken away to prison. — He was taken to jail.
Take 10 away from 100. — Subtract ten out of a hundred.
You can take our plates away. — Can you clear the table.
- Take back — return, take back (admit that your opinion is wrong)
It’s not easy to take back everything I said but I will do this. — It is not easy to take back his words, but I’ll do it.
Take this bag back to the shop and change it. — Take this bag back to the store and changed.
- Take down — to remove (from somewhere), remove (clothes), demolish, burn, disassemble (the car), to knock the stuffing out (to someone); lower (rates), destroy
Did you take down his speech? — You wrote it about?
She took down the picture from the wall. — She took the picture from the wall.
The building was taken down. — The building was demolished.
Take your coat down. — Take the coat.
- Take in — making; take in (clothes), clean (the sails); include; to absorb; to deceive; to harbor (take occupants); take work home; inspect, visit
It was a boring lesson and I did not take in the essence of the new theme. — It was a boring lesson, and I did not understand the essence of the new theme.
You could earn some extra money by taking in students. — You can earn extra money, if you will provide accommodation to students.
She takes in sewing. — She takes home sewing.
She took in her skirt. — It ushila her skirt.
We were completely taken in. — We had a great.
- Take off — take off (clothes), take away, take away, carry off; to copy, to imitate; to take off; lift the ban; to gain popularity, to enjoy success; take time off (take a day off)
Take your hands off the table. — Take your hands off the table.
I had a lot of work and now I’m going to take two days off. — I had a lot of work, but now I want to take two days off.
The plane took off in time. — The plane took off on time.
He took off his cap. — He took off his cap.
- Take on — take, take; hire (to hire); purchase; worry; fight with someone
She does not want to take on too much work. — She does not want to take on too much work.
I should take you on at basketball sometime. — I somehow would have to compete with you in basketball.
The word took on a new meaning. — The word acquired a new meaning.
The last sentence is very important in the examples for this article, because in different combinations phrasal verb take really takes on new meaning.
- Take out — to remove, extract, delete; output (walk) and output (remove the stain); destroy; give vent to anger, to settle scores; write out
Are you taking him out for his birthday? — You keep it somewhere on his birthday?
Do not take it out on me, I am not guilty. — Do not dump this on me, I’m not guilty.
I’m afraid of taking out teeth. — I’m afraid of pulling teeth.
- Take over — to take leadership, to take responsibility, to take over; transported to the other side
Who’ll be taking over from Chris when he retires? — Who will take the place of Chris when he retires?
After some discussions he decided to take over the leadership in organizing of this expedition. — After some discussion, he decided to take a leadership role in organizing this expedition.
- Take through — to carry out, bring to a conclusion, to explain
My English teacher took me through my first book of English. — My English teacher helped me cope with my first English book.
- Take to — addicted, attached
For some reason, I took to him quickly. — For some reason, I quickly became attached to him.
- Take up — raising; receive (call); shoot, digging; shortening; to take place); to undertake something, to do something; meet with anyone; acquire, take
I think I should take up jogging. — I think I need to start running.
This wardrobe takes up too much space. — This cabinet takes up too much space.
I have to take this case up with my mother. — I have to discuss this case with the mother.
She took up her bag and left. — She picked up her bag and left.
That much phrasal verb take the values we have. And if we calculate how much each value subsections, you get a lot of information for learning. But this should not scare you. The required amount of practice, the constant use of phrasal verbs in the English language speech will perform for you the job, and the new values will settle permanently in your head.
This topic is closely related to the other as described in the articles that need to pay attention:
- «Phrasal verb get — Part 1»
- «Phrasal verb get — Part 2»
- «Phrasal verb give»
- «Phrasal verb make»
- «Phrasal verb bring»
After reading them, we recommend to pass the following test: «Test # 1 on the use of phrasal verbs in the English language.»