We fill our treasury of phrasal verbs. Today our consideration to be another instance of the sort. Despite the fact that the word is only three letters — set — as a phrasal verb, it acquires a large number of useful and we need values. And that is the correct use of phrasal verbs in the English language does your speech today, lively, interesting and varied, in other words — very close to the version of the speech that we can hear from a native speaker.
The values of the phrasal verb set
Remember that the set is a wrong verb. All of its three forms (forms of the present and past tense and past participle) are the same in shape and look like a set. Among various pretexts phrasal verb set can express the following:
- Set about — to take steps (against something), to start something, to distribute (hearing), to take up something; start a fight, to hit.
I came back home and immediately set about cleaning the house. — I came home and immediately became involved in cleaning.
She sets about her work vigorously. — She gets to work decisively.
We set about each other at once. — We immediately began to fight.
- Set apart / aside — select, defer (the money), set apart, elbows (for anything), drop (sense); separate (fighting); cancel, cancel, delete, eliminate, ignore; different from the others.
She will set the magazines apart for you. — She put to you these magazines.
Yesterday I visited emergency station to have my arm stitched. One of the dogs bit me when I was trying to set them apart. — Yesterday I was in the emergency room, I sewed up the wound on his arm. One of the dogs bit me when I was trying to separate them.
The room in the hotel set apart for us was large and beautiful. — Hotel room allotted to us was spacious and beautiful.
Why did they set all our offers aside? — Why are they rejected all our proposals?
The prisoner hopes that the Supreme Court will set aside his sentence. — A prisoner hopes that the Supreme Court overturned his conviction.
This was the day set aside for his business trip. — On this day it was scheduled trip.
- Set back — push, translate (the clock back), rotate (wheel of history), slow down, push back, harm (financial situation); stop (movement), to prevent; placed in the interior (something).
Tomorrow we’ll have to set back the clock. Do not forget about it. — Tomorrow, we will need to put the clock back one hour. Do not forget about it.
Is there a building set back from the road? — There is a building, set back from the road?
Ambulatory medical care set him back a few pounds. — Outpatient treatment reprimanded him a penny.
The heavy traffic set us back about half an hour. — Due to the heavy traffic, we stayed for half an hour.
The opening of a new museum has been set back by a few weeks. — The opening of the new museum was moved to a few weeks.
- Set by — delayed, lay aside (money); respect, appreciate.
She regularly set by ten pounds a week. — It regularly set aside ten pounds a week.
My name was much set by in former days. — In the old days I was very much appreciated.
- Set down — put, put, put; planted at the bus stop; express, write (anywhere); attributing to someone (or something).
Would you mind me setting you down at your door? — Do you mind if I take you all the way home?
He set me down for fifty. — He thought that I was fifty years old.
Do not forget to set down her name and address. — Do not forget to write down her name and address.
All their claims are set down in this document. — All of the requirements set out in this document.
Can you set down your bag? — You can put your bag?
- Set forth — to express, publish; go to the (travel); upload, display (on display); explain, print (literary works).
The new books were set forth for all to see. — New books are on display.
An hour later my mother set forth. — An hour later, my mother was gone.
My colleague has set forth her ideas. — My colleague outlined his ideas.
The President set forth his plans in a television talk. — The President outlined his plans for the telecast.
This year we are going t o set forth on a journey. — This year we are going to travel.
- Set in — stand, sew (sleeve, insert) to attack, mounted (about the time of year, the weather), start, rise (of rain, wind, storm).
A thaw has set in. — The thaw began.
Autumn is setting in. — Autumn comes.
Disappointment seems to have set in among the team. — It seems that the team was overcome disappointment.
This sewing machine will help you to set in a sleeve. — This sewing machine will help you sew sleeve.
- Set off — to start up, run (rocket), cause (protests), emphasize winning (look good); reimburse, compensate, balance the gains and losses; encourage someone to do something; go, go, go.
They had to set off a rocket. — They had to launch a rocket.
Terrorists set off a bomb in the plane. — Terrorists blew up a bomb on the plane.
I bought a new dress set off with silver braid. — I bought a new dress, trimmed with silver braid.
There are two ways for you to set off this debt. — There are two ways by which you can compensate this debt.
The dollar’s decline has set off a wave of protests. — The fall of the dollar has caused a wave of protests.
The story set us off smiling. — This story made us smile.
They set off in pursuit. — They went after him.
What time are you setting off tomorrow afternoon? — What time did you leave tomorrow afternoon?
- Set out — positioned, put on display; express, go go, go, fly (on the plane); conceive, determined.
We set out for Moscow. — We went to Moscow.
Lunch for five was set out in the small room. — The small room was set dinner for five.
He set out his reasons for the way he behaved there. — He presented his considerations prompted him to behave well there.
He set out to write a history of civilization. — He was going to write the history of civilization.
- Set to — take, take vigorously for anything; engage, fasten; engage in battle, fight; start something, to mean to do something.
He was set to enter the market. — He planned to enter the market.
I set myself to study English. — I began to study English hard.
Why did they set to fighting? — Why they started fighting?
- Set up — set the (record), organize (the committee); establish, open, base (the case); portray someone wrongly consider myself someone to provide; to raise the cry, put on his feet, recover from illness; make a complaint, to develop a theory; help someone get, etc. (values more)
A monument was set up in her honour. — In her honor erected a monument.
We set up a new record during the Olympic Games. — We set a new record at the Olympic Games.
They set up house together. — They moved in together.
My dream is to set up a shop of lady’s wear. — My dream — to open a women’s clothing store.
Why did she set herself up to be a director? — Why did she poses as a director?
A holiday will set you up. — Activities will put you on your feet.
My neighbour set up as a pharmacist. — My neighbor opened a pharmacy.
They set up a committee to discuss all urgent problems. — They organized a committee to discuss all urgent issues.
All new families should set up their own traditions. — All new families need to establish their own traditions.
I need someone to set up in the business. — I need someone who will help me to open a business.
The portrait was set up on the stage. — Portrait installed on the stage.
They have set up a charity organization for handicapped children. — They organized a charity to help children with disabilities.
This topic is closely related to the other as described in the articles that need to pay attention:
- «Phrasal verb hold»
- «Phrasal verb pay»
- «Phrasal verb turn»
- «Phrasal verb keep»
- «Phrasal verb put. Part 1 »
- «Phrasal verb put. Part 2 »
After reading them, we recommend to pass the following test: «Test # 2 on the use of phrasal verbs in the English language.»