First, let’s distinguish the basic meaning of the verb put.
- Put, put.
- Fasten, fit.
Other meanings of the verb we get by adding prepositions to form phrasal verbs. Let’s look at the options phrasal verb put.
- Put on — is the most frequently used, it has several meanings:
- Wear (about clothes).
- Gain weight.
- Putting on stage.
- Including, actuate.
- Make fun of someone, put in a ridiculous position.
I put the sweater on in order not to catch a cold. — I put on a sweater so as not to catch a cold.
Monica put on the most beautiful dress that she had in her wardrobe. — Monica wearing the most beautiful dress, which she had in the locker room.
Note that the place excuse may vary:
- I put the sweater on.
- I put on the sweater.
- I put it on.
As a rule, the noun can be placed between the verb and a preposition or after all phrasal verb. The pronoun can stand only between the verb and the preposition.
Oh my God, Clara put on 10 kilos! — My God, Clara won 10 kilos!
We decided to put on something new, we want to impress our audience. — We have decided to put something new, we want to impress the audience.
Put the light on, I can not see anything. — Turn on the light, I can not see anything.
I was such a fool, they simply had put me on. — I was so stupid, they’re just kidding me.
- It puts out — as well as put on a lot of different meanings:
- Dislocate (shoulder, hand).
- Simmer, extinguish.
- Expels, remove, remove.
- Giving anywhere (in the wash, repair, a child in kindergarten, etc.).
- Produce, produce.
I’ve put my leg out, I can not go, I should stay at home. — I dislocated my leg, I can not go, I need to stay home.
Tourists had not put out all fires, that’s why the conflagration started. — Tourists are not put out all the fires, so the fire started.
Three members were put out of the club for failing to pay the fee. — Three members were expelled from the club for non-payment.
Do not you forget to put out the washing? — You did not forget to give clothes to the laundry?
The plant has put out the record number of their production. — The plant produced a record number of products.
Tom was really put out by the unexpected arrival of his mother-in-law. — The unexpected arrival of Tiffany reason for this notable inconvenience.
- Put off:
- Turn off.
- Postponed to a later date.
- Interfere with, distract.
Do not forget to put off all the lights before you leave the house. — Be sure to turn off all the lights when you leave the house.
Never put off till tomorrow what you can do today. — Never put off till tomorrow what you can do today.
His self-assured smile puts me off. — His shy smile makes me disgusted.
Stop talking, you put me off! — Stop talking, you’re in my way!
- Put through:
- Run to finish (the job).
- Connect the phone.
- Enact a law).
The director decided to put all the business deals through very quickly. — The director decided to do all the work very quickly.
Can you put me through to this number? — Can you connect me with this number?
In spite of all difficulties, the Parliament has put the new law through. — Despite all the difficulties, the Parliament adopted a new law.
- Put down:
- Delayed, interrupted (a job).
- Plant (passengers).
- Eat, drink.
- Make (of the amount).
- Trim (expense).
Please, put down all deals, today is your birthday! — Put aside all the business, please, today is your birthday!
Can you put me down at the next stop? — Let me off at the next stop.
He is a monster, he put down everything we had in the fridge! — He’s a monster, he ate everything that we had in the fridge!
Put down his lectures, they will be very helpful one day. — Write down his lectures, one day they will be very useful to you.
You should put down 15% as a deposit. — You must make a deposit of 15%.
The firm had to put down expenditures, it was on the verge of bankruptcy. — The company had to cut back on spending, she was on the verge of bankruptcy.
- Put across / over:
- To deceive anyone.
You’ll never succeed in putting me over, I’m also very sly. — You will never be able to deceive me, I am also very tricky.
He simply put us over. — He just lied to us.
- Put ahead:
- To promote development.
- Wrap, to change (date) at an earlier date.
The good weather has put the flowers ahead rather early. — Due to the warm weather, the flowers were early enough.
We have to put our meeting ahead, I’ll be busy next week. — We’ll have to postpone our meeting to an earlier date, I will be busy next week.
- Put about:
- Disseminate (information).
- Worry, worry.
It has been put about that the weather will be cold. — They say that it will be cold.
I was really put about by that news. — I was really concerned about that news.
- Put across:
- Successfully complete any business.
- To convince of anything.
He managed to put across the project in time. — He was able to successfully complete the project on time.
I do not want you to put me across with such ugly methods. — I do not want you to convince me such terrible methods.
I suggest you fix a new material with a small test: