In Grammar By Yuliya

Phrasal verb put. Part 1

First, let’s distinguish the basic meaning of the verb put.


  1. Put, put.
  2. Put.
  3. Fasten, fit.

Other meanings of the verb we get by adding prepositions to form phrasal verbs. Let’s look at the options phrasal verb put.

  1. Put on — is the most frequently used, it has several meanings:
    • Wear (about clothes).
    • Gain weight.
    • Putting on stage.
    • Including, actuate.
    • Make fun of someone, put in a ridiculous position.

    I put the sweater on in order not to catch a cold. — I put on a sweater so as not to catch a cold.

    Monica put on the most beautiful dress that she had in her wardrobe. — Monica wearing the most beautiful dress, which she had in the locker room.

    Note that the place excuse may vary:

    • I put the sweater on.
    • I put on the sweater.
    • I put it on.

    As a rule, the noun can be placed between the verb and a preposition or after all phrasal verb. The pronoun can stand only between the verb and the preposition.

    Oh my God, Clara put on 10 kilos! — My God, Clara won 10 kilos!

    We decided to put on something new, we want to impress our audience. — We have decided to put something new, we want to impress the audience.

    Put the light on, I can not see anything. — Turn on the light, I can not see anything.

    I was such a fool, they simply had put me on. — I was so stupid, they’re just kidding me.

  2. It puts out — as well as put on a lot of different meanings:
    • Dislocate (shoulder, hand).
    • Simmer, extinguish.
    • Expels, remove, remove.
    • Giving anywhere (in the wash, repair, a child in kindergarten, etc.).
    • Produce, produce.
    • Nuisance.

    I’ve put my leg out, I can not go, I should stay at home. — I dislocated my leg, I can not go, I need to stay home.

    Tourists had not put out all fires, that’s why the conflagration started. — Tourists are not put out all the fires, so the fire started.

    Three members were put out of the club for failing to pay the fee. — Three members were expelled from the club for non-payment.

    Do not you forget to put out the washing? — You did not forget to give clothes to the laundry?

    The plant has put out the record number of their production. — The plant produced a record number of products.

    Tom was really put out by the unexpected arrival of his mother-in-law. — The unexpected arrival of Tiffany reason for this notable inconvenience.

  3. Put off:
    • Turn off.
    • Postponed to a later date.
    • Disgust.
    • Interfere with, distract.

    Do not forget to put off all the lights before you leave the house. — Be sure to turn off all the lights when you leave the house.

    Never put off till tomorrow what you can do today. — Never put off till tomorrow what you can do today.

    His self-assured smile puts me off. — His shy smile makes me disgusted.

    Stop talking, you put me off! — Stop talking, you’re in my way!

  4. Put through:
    • Run to finish (the job).
    • Connect the phone.
    • Enact a law).

    The director decided to put all the business deals through very quickly. — The director decided to do all the work very quickly.

    Can you put me through to this number? — Can you connect me with this number?

    In spite of all difficulties, the Parliament has put the new law through. — Despite all the difficulties, the Parliament adopted a new law.

  5. Put down:
    • Delayed, interrupted (a job).
    • Plant (passengers).
    • Eat, drink.
    • Record.
    • Make (of the amount).
    • Trim (expense).

    Please, put down all deals, today is your birthday! — Put aside all the business, please, today is your birthday!

    Can you put me down at the next stop? — Let me off at the next stop.

    He is a monster, he put down everything we had in the fridge! — He’s a monster, he ate everything that we had in the fridge!

    Put down his lectures, they will be very helpful one day. — Write down his lectures, one day they will be very useful to you.

    You should put down 15% as a deposit. — You must make a deposit of 15%.

    The firm had to put down expenditures, it was on the verge of bankruptcy. — The company had to cut back on spending, she was on the verge of bankruptcy.

  6. Put across / over:
    • To deceive anyone.

    You’ll never succeed in putting me over, I’m also very sly. — You will never be able to deceive me, I am also very tricky.

    He simply put us over. — He just lied to us.

  7. Put ahead:
    • To promote development.
    • Wrap, to change (date) at an earlier date.

    The good weather has put the flowers ahead rather early. — Due to the warm weather, the flowers were early enough.

    We have to put our meeting ahead, I’ll be busy next week. — We’ll have to postpone our meeting to an earlier date, I will be busy next week.

  8. Put about:
    • Disseminate (information).
    • Worry, worry.

    It has been put about that the weather will be cold. — They say that it will be cold.

    I was really put about by that news. — I was really concerned about that news.

  9. Put across:
    • Successfully complete any business.
    • To convince of anything.

    He managed to put across the project in time. — He was able to successfully complete the project on time.

    I do not want you to put me across with such ugly methods. — I do not want you to convince me such terrible methods.

I suggest you fix a new material with a small test:

 

Grammar

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