The verb keep is a set of values. The main ones are: 1) to keep; 2) store; 3) withholding.
But that’s not all. From a single verb can get a lot of other values, adding some prepositions. Let’s look at all possible options phrasal verb keep.
- Keep ahead — stay ahead, to advance in the cases studies.
Tom had difficulties at work, but he managed to keep ahead and to be promoted. — Tom had difficulties at work, but he was able to move forward and get promoted.
- Keep away from — avoid (literally and figuratively).
He tried to keep away from that woman, he was really very shy. — He tried to avoid the woman, he was incredibly shy.
The doctor advised John to keep away from cigarettes. — Dr. John advised to abstain from cigarettes.
- Keep back — 1) to hide, to restrain (emotions); 2) postpone, hold.
She tried to keep the accident back. — She tried to conceal the accident.
I asked the shop assistant to keep the skirt back for one hour. — I asked the seller to delay an hour skirt.
- Keep down — 1) to delay the growth, hinder the development; 2) suppress (rebellion feeling); 3) refrain from vomiting; 4) leave for the second year.
The high taxes always keep down small-scale business. — High taxes are always hinder the development of small businesses.
Jack met his love but she was married, so he had to keep down his feelings. — Jack met his love, but she was married, so he had to suppress their feelings.
He can not keep down his food. — His tears all the time.
Mark failed his examinations again, so the committee decided to keep him down. — Mark again failed the exams, so the commission decided to leave it in the second year.
- Keep in — 1) Support; 2) contained.
We spent that night in the forest, so somebody had to keep in fire. — That night we spent in the forest, so someone had to keep the fire burning.
Sarah tried to keep her disappointment in, but it was difficult not to notice it. — Sarah tried to hold back his disappointment, but it was hard not to notice.
- Keep off — 1) keep away, keep away; 2) delay.
Keep off! — Back!
An apple will not keep off your hunger. — Apple does not quench your hunger.
- Keep on — 1) to continue to do anything; 2) to keep in the same position; 3) To continue to act to persist; 4) to extend the lease.
We wanted to soothe the child, but she kept on crying. — We would like to reassure the child, but she continued to cry.
Bred decided to keep on at his job, he did not see other prospects. — Brad decided to stay at his job, he did not see other perspectives.
Keep on with your work, however hard it seems to be. — Continue to work, as if it did not seem difficult.
I decided to stay in Paris for another week, that’s why I kept my flat on. — I decided to stay in Paris for a week, so I extended the rent.
- Keep out of — 1) do not let (something); 2) stay away anything.
Keep them out of the lab. It’s very dangerous! — Do not let them go to the lab. It is very dangerous!
He always tried to keep out of problems, but they were chasing him. — He has always tried to avoid problems, but they chased him.
- Keep together — remain united, to stick together.
That was the very difficult situation, so the family tried to keep together. — The situation was very difficult, so the family trying to stay together.
- Keep under — 1) to keep in subjection; 2) prevent (growth, development).
Jim kept 200 employees under. — Jim kept in subjection 200 employees.
Doctors tried to keep the epidemy under. — Doctors were trying to prevent an epidemic.
- Keep up — 1) Support; 2) maintain in good order; 3) comply with; 4) be at par.
Though they have not seen each other for five years, they still keep up the correspondence. — Although they have not seen for 5 years, they still maintained a correspondence.
She is a housewife, that’s why she has to keep up the house. — She’s a housewife, so she has to keep the house in order.
Though they immigrated in Canada, they still keep up Ukrainian traditions. — Although they have moved to Canada, they still adhere to Ukrainian traditions.
It’s difficult to keep up with the best companies, but the result deserves efforts. — It is difficult to be on a par with the best companies, but the result is worth the effort.
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