Phrasal verb hold — another instance of our collection of phrasal verbs in English. The basic meaning of the verb hold are the following words — hold, hold, detain. In addition, we use the hold, when we want to say that someone else takes any position or someone spends some event. Even the meaning of words such as «believes, to believe» can be transmitted by means of the verb. As we can see, from the simple verb hold, not burdened by any pretexts, already have several meanings, different from each other. And these values need to know, as they are often transmitted in speech. But we have to expand the boundaries of our knowledge of the verb hold, explore further the phrasal verb.
The values of the phrasal verb hold
As usual, adding to the verb hold prepositions and see what we get. In other words, what values we get from the phrasal verb hold:
- Hold against — to blame someone, blame, do not get angry.
My husband never remembers my birthday but I do not hold it against him. — My husband never remembers my birthday, but I’m not angry at him.
It was his mistake, but I’m not going to hold it against him. — It was his fault, but I’m not going to accuse him.
- Hold back — to keep from anything, keep (of salary), hide (the truth), deter, delay (fluctuate), to refrain from anything.
Do you want him to suffer? — Of course not. — So, please, hold the truth back from him. — You want him to suffer? — Of course not. — So, please, hide the truth from him.
Stop shouting at me! It was not my fault. I could not hold her back! — Stop yelling at me! This was not my fault. I could not hold her back.
She had to hold back her joy. — She had to restrain his joy.
- Hold down — not to give up, to prevent, to subordinate, not to lose, keep, maintain (position).
Hold your head down! — Do not lift the head!
Do you believe you’ll be able to hold your job down? — Do you believe that you will stay in this position (not to lose her place at work)?
We have to hold the prices down. — We need to curb rising prices.
- Hold forth — rant, broadcasting; offer.
The speaker held forth about the social politics in 18 th century England. — The speaker talked about the social policy of England in the 18th century.
My mother held forth all day long about currency reform. — My mother ranted about monetary reform the whole day.
- Hold in — hold back, keep quiet.
She could hardly hold herself in. — She barely restrained herself.
Try to hold yourself in! — Try to keep quiet (low-key)!
- Hold off — hold, detain, beat off (an attack), defer (the visit) is not appropriate, keep away.
The rain held off all morning. — Rain has not been all morning.
She usually holds off her going to the doctor. — It is usually put off a visit to the doctor.
Do not hold off making a right decision. — Do not put off making the right decision.
- Hold on — to attach, hold (for something for someone else), wait, stay on the line to continue to do something.
Hold on! — Do not hang up!
I held on to the banisters. — I held on to the railing.
Should I hold on to someone I love? — Should I hold on to the man I love?
- Hold out — stretching (arm) are encouraging; hold (do not give up), to insist, to demand, suggest, missed seek.
How long will our supplies hold out? — As far as we have enough of our reserves?
He held out his hand and shook Harry’s. — He reached out and shook hands with Harry.
Jane Goodwin’s family holds out hope for her return. — Family Jane Goodwin hopes her comeback.
If we do not get help we do not know how we are to hold out. — If we do not get help, we do not know how we will manage to survive.
You should hold out for a higher price. — You should not have to give a discount.
- Hold over — set aside, to leave the position, delay, delay, to renew.
Can I hold over a decision for a month? — I can postpone the decision for a month?
We may hold it over until the next meeting. — We can postpone it until the next meeting.
- Hold together — bow; rally, to be inconsistent; unite.
It’s terrible, but this accident held us together. — This is terrible, but the disaster has united us.
What holds the Universe together? — What unites the universe?
- Hold up — to raise (hand); put up for ridicule, for show; detain, stop (the work), stand; stay (weather) to stay on his feet, temporarily abandoned, lead as an example.
My sister was held up as an example. — My sister set an example.
Why are you laughing? Do you think you did right when you held him up to ridicule? — Why are you laughing? Do you think that was right to put it up to ridicule?
If this beautiful weather holds up, we will be able to go somewhere. — If such a lovely weather holds, we can go somewhere.
Because of their daughter’s illness they had to hold up all their plans for vacation.- Due to illness the daughter they had to postpone all vacation plans.
You can hold up your hand if you have some questions. — If you have any questions, please raise your hand.
The traffic was held up by heavy rain. — The movement stopped due to heavy rain.
This topic is closely related to the other as described in the articles that need to pay attention:
- «Phrasal verb pay»
- «Phrasal verb set»
- «Phrasal verb turn»
- «Phrasal verb keep»
- «Phrasal verb put. Part 1 »
- «Phrasal verb put. Part 2 »
After reading them, we recommend to pass the following test: «Test # 2 on the use of phrasal verbs in the English language.»