We turn to the second of phrasal verbs — give. The main semantic content of the verb are the following: to give, to give, to give, to devote. What other values may take the word in combination with prepositions?
The values of the phrasal verb give
- Give away — give (gifts) to distribute anything to give (secret)
He gave away the secret. — He gave secret.
She gave away all the money to the poor. — She gave away all his money to the poor.
They’re giving away a CD with this magazine. — CD-ROM is a gift to this magazine.
- Give back — to return, to give
Give back the book you borrowed. — Bring the book you took.
- Give forth — to publish, emit, promulgate, to dismiss the rumor
It will not do to give forth. — Spreading rumors wrong.
- Give in — to give in, give in; take the (written work)
Do not give in without a fight. — Do not give up without a fight.
She gave in her exam paper. — She passed her examination paper.
- Give off — emit, issue (odor, smoke, light, heat)
This lamp gives off a very bright light. — This lamp is shining very brightly.
The fire was giving off a lot of smoke. — From the fire went a lot of smoke.
- Give out — to distribute, declare end
His strength gave out after running that long distance. — His power ended when he ran a long distance.
He gave out copies of the report at the end of the meeting. — He gave (distributed) copy of the report after the meeting.
The food supplies gave out. — Food supplies ran out.
- Give over — pass, throw (do something)
Give over pushing! — Stop pushing!
We gave the keys over to our neighbors during our absence. — In his absence we left the keys neighbors.
- Give up — to leave, give up, quit, leave (hope), to give (a criminal)
He gave up his seat to her. — He gave her a place.
He gave up smoking. — He quit smoking.
You were so late that we gave you up. — You came so late that we no longer have to wait.
The murderer gave up. — The killer surrendered.
- Give up on smth — to give up something (such as the idea)
Jack gave up on improving relation. — He gave up the idea to improve relations.
- Give up on smb — refuse (eg from the hope) that someone will do what you expect from him
After the quarrel she gave up on him. — After a quarrel, she broke up with him.
This topic is closely related to the other as described in the articles that need to pay attention:
- «Phrasal verb get — Part 1»
- «Phrasal verb get — Part 2»
- «Phrasal verb make»
- «Phrasal verb take»
- «Phrasal verb bring»
After reading them, we recommend to pass the following test: «Test # 1 on the use of phrasal verbs in the English language.»