This article will be very useful to those who are just beginning to learn English. Probably the first step you will be offered to meet with the alphabet of the language. Then follow the simple words to memorize and the basics of grammar. Personal pronouns can be attributed specifically to the grammar section, because not acquainted with them, it is impossible to study more complex grammatical issues, and in general they are a building block on which the house is built in English. But before embarking on a study of personal pronouns in English is necessary to recall the definition of such parts of speech as a pronoun, because in addition to individual, there are several groups of pronouns. Pronoun — it’s part of speech that refers to an item or feature of an object, but does not call it. Also do not forget that pronouns may change on cases.
How many personal pronouns in English?
All the personal pronouns in English can be divided on such grounds: a pronoun singular and plural; pronouns first, second or third person.
The group singular include:
- 1-e entity: I — (I), (always with a capital letter!)
- 2nd person: you — (you)
- 3rd person: he, she, it — (he, she, it)
Plural is owned by:
- 1st person: we — (we)
- 2nd person: you — (you)
- 3rd person: they — (they)
As you can see, the forms for the pronouns «you» and «you» are the same. To understand what is the personal pronoun of the English language in question requires the context in which it is used. The pronouns he and she are used to refer to animate people, and for the use of inanimate form of it. Furthermore, by using it the animals and represent an abstract concept. At the personal pronoun of the English language it has another function — it can have a value of «it». For example:
Is this a book on the table? No, it is not. It is my manual. — What’s on the table book? No, this is my tutorial
And finally, the same pronoun often acts as a formal subject in impersonal sentences about time, distance, weather conditions (It is midnight right now. It is seventy kilometres from this city to another. It is raining outside). By the way, the personal pronoun of the English language they (they) may be designated as the person animate and inanimate objects. Pronouns third party can replace nouns, and this is important, because in the English language this feature influences the choice of the required forms of the verb. For more information on this subject you can read in an article entitled «Present in the English language.»
This topic is closely related to the other as described in the articles that need to pay attention:
- «Possessive pronouns in the English language»
- «Reflexive pronouns in the English language»
After reading them, we recommend to pass the following test: «Test # 1 on the use of pronouns in the English language.»