In Grammar By Inna

Modal verbs in English

Modal verbs in English are a special group of verbs. They represent an opportunity, the ability, and the likelihood of the need for action.

The values ​​stated modal verbs in the English language

Modal verbs in English are not used alone, and in combination with the basic meaning of the verb infinitive, when they did not put a particle to (with the exception of ought).

I can do it. — I can do it.

You ought to be there. — You should be there.

Verbs can, and may have a form of the present and the past could, might. Verbs must, ought and need only have the form of the present.

Modal verbs in the English language have the same form for all persons and numbers. Interrogative form images without auxiliaries. The negative is formed by particles not.

I can not do it. — I can not do it.

May I use your phone? — Can I use your phone.

Modal verbs in English are relatively few and each one has its own significance.

  1. The modal verb can:
    • used to express possibility or capability of committing acts

      I can type very fast. — I can print very quickly.

    • expressing doubt surprise

      Can they arrive tomorrow? — Will they come tomorrow?

  2. The modal verb could:
    • to express possibility, the ability in the past

      I could type very fast. — I was able to type very quickly.

    • in the main part of the conditional sentences

      If I had much money I could buy a new car. — If I had a lot of money, I could buy a car.

  3. The modal verb may:
    • to express authorization

      You may use my phone. — You can use my phone.

    • to express assumptions

      He may know her. — Maybe he knows it.

  4. The modal verb might:
    • to express assumptions in the present and future with a greater degree of doubt

      He might know her. — He may be, knows her (or maybe not).

  5. The modal verb must:
    • for the expression of obligation.

      You must do it. — You should do it.

    • to express assumptions

      It must be him. — That must be it.

    • to express ban

      You musn’t touch it. — You do not touch it.

  6. The modal verb ought to:
    • to express the moral duty of the Board in respect of the present and future

      He ought to help me. — It should help me.

  7. The modal verb need:
    • the need to express. It is used in the form Present Simple in interrogative and negative sentences

      Need I do it? — I need to do this?

      No, you need not do it. — No, it is not necessary to do so.

  8. The modal verb to be used to express the need for an action, according to the preliminary agreement. After he used the particle to.

    My friend is to call you tomorrow. — My friend has to call you tomorrow.

  9. The modal verb to have is used to express an action under certain circumstances.

    She had to go there. — She had to go there.

  10. The verb should is used to express a moral duty or advice.

    Tom should not have done it. — Tom should not have done that.

Modal verbs in English give a speech emotion, convey subtle shades of meaning and the relationship of the speaker to the subject, so that the value of the modal verbs in English is great.



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