The subject presented in this paper, one side is closely related to the themes of the previous articles, but on the other hand is quite different from them. The materials presented on the blog, you can explore the articles with the name of the disease; learn about the difference in the values of the six words that referred to the different types of pain (choice of the word: pain / ache / pang / throe / twinge / stitch) and find out how the verb is better to transfer assistance in English (the choice of the word: help / aid / assist ). That’s because the last article we borrow two word — to help and aid. And we will focus on emergency (the first emergency medical) care, which in English would sound like First aid.
When you need first aid?
I think hardly anyone disputes the fact that knowledge of first aid is absolutely necessary for everyone. Indeed, thanks to the assistance provided we can save a life (to save smb’s life). And we do not know when and where something can happen — at home, work, school, vacation, etc. Especially, if you are abroad, you must familiarize yourself with the way in English referred to certain situations that require first aid, and what actions should be applied. After all, if you navigate in the names of injury or first aid actions, you will not only be the savior of themselves, but also help the person who will provide first aid.
In some cases, a first aid? In situations where we are faced with cutting and other types of wounds (cuts, scrapes, grazes), bleeding (bleedings, nosebleeds — nosebleeds), asthma attacks (asthmatic attacks), fractures (fractures), burns (burns, scalds), poisoning (poisons), low blood sugar (low blood sugar), heart attacks (heart attacks), a state of shock (shocks), muscle cramps (muscle cramps), and others.
With burns dry heat (burn), boiling water or steam (scald) is necessary to wash the affected area with cold water, cover the wound (wound) with cling film (cover with cling film) and to call for an ambulance (emergency service). In the case of sunburn (sunburns) necessary to bring the victim to the premises (to bring the casualty indoors), drink cold water, wipe the skin with cold wet sponge (to sponge the skin). If the victim is observed dizziness (he seems dizzy), headache (headache), temperature (temperature), it is obvious he has heat stroke (heatstroke).
If epistaxis (nosebleed) We sit man lean ask about anything (to lean forward), we recommend to mouth breathing (to breathe through their mouth), fingers squeeze the nostrils (to pinch the soft part of the nose). If the bleeding does not stop within an hour, and call for help. But there are more serious bleeding, the strength of which depends on the location, size and depth of the wound. In this case, we check to see if the wound foreign object (an object embedded in the wound); If not, press down on the wound with your hands (the towel). If the wound is on an arm or leg, raise the limb above heart level (to raise the limb above the level of the heart).
With minor cuts or scratches (scratches and grazes) it is easy to handle. It is necessary to carefully wash the wound (to wash wound gently), remove all dirt and residues of foreign matter (debris) in the wound, and then, in the absence of bleeding impose a sterile adhesive bandage (sterile adhesive bandage). If you can not remove all the dirt out of the wound, can not stop the bleeding (to stop bleeding), or the size of cut wounds (cut) more than 1 cm in length, or the wound is very deep, please contact the point of care (emergency room). Most likely, it is necessary to impose on the wound with sutures (stitches).
When fractures is very important to keep the victim in a calm and motionless (to keep a casualty still), until you can get him to the hospital. To hold the broken limb (broken limb) can be used twisted blankets (rolled up blankets), pillows, cushions (cushions), clothing or anything else handy. Be prepared that a person may show signs of shock: pale, cool and moist to the touch (pale, cold and clammy skin), frequent, and then weak pulse (rapid, weak pulse), shallow breathing (shallow breathing), sweating (sweating), complaints of nausea and thirst (complaints of nausea and thirst).
What if a diabetic lower or raise blood sugar (high blood sugar / hyperglycaemia or low blood sugar / hypoglycaemia)? In the first case, as soon as possible we deliver the injured to hospital. In the second case of hospitalization can be avoided quickly increase blood sugar levels (to raise blood sugar level) with the help of a sweet drink or something sweet to eat. How to behave, if you suspect a person has a heart attack (heart attack)? To cope with this condition does not, therefore, before the arrival of emergency (ambulance), Put a man as it is convenient, let chew 300 mg of aspirin if not allergic to the drug. The main risk — stop the heartbeat (the heart stops beating). Be prepared to resuscitate (to resuscitate).
The shock that threatens human life (life-threatening condition), occurs when the vital organs (vital organs) are not getting enough oxygen because of reduced blood flow (reduced blood circulation). To help the victims, it is necessary to stop the bleeding (blood loss), if any, to calm the person (to reassure), put it, raising his feet up (to lie him down with their legs raised) and loosen tight clothing items (to loosen tight clothing) to restore normal blood circulation (to encourage circulation). Then it’s up to the doctors ambulance.
Poisoning (poisoning) — another unpleasant experience for medicine in English. Can poison the accident (accidentally), this is usually the case with children, or deliberately (intentionally), for example, when a person wants to commit suicide (to commit a suicide). In any case, poison (poisonous substance) destroys the body (damage the body). If any serious poisoning immediately call an ambulance and try to learn (if the person is conscious) that when it is swallowed (to swallow), in what quantity. When food poisoning (food poisoning) may be dispensed with in a relatively light emergency cases. — Your task is to get the victim to take as much of the liquid (to encourage smb. To take plenty of fluids / to rehydrate smb. With plenty of fluids).
Certainly, there does not list all the cases in which it may be necessary first aid. In medicine, in English there is still plenty of terms and names that will help sort out how to provide first aid. If you are interested in this topic in more detail, I would advise to read the material on these resources (some have a video First Aid):