We are all in school studying geography that expands our horizons and allows us to easily navigate to the location of a particular state. We are certainly aware of the peculiarities of different countries perceive their culture and get to know people. All these skills are important enough in our lives, because they help us to learn, work and even on holiday. Of course, it is impossible to know everything, because our world is constantly evolving and changing. But in no case can not be a layman in the information about the native country of the target language. Since we are talking about English, we just have to at least the minimum to explore England and its national character. If you have not already, it’s time to start, at least out of respect for the English nation. Our goal will be very capital of the UK — London in the English language.
London (London) is the capital of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Nothern Ireland). Population (population) of the city of more than 8 million people, London is the largest city in the British Isles (the British Isles).
The name of the capital comes from the Roman word Londinium, as it was founded in 43 AD. Initially, it was a Roman fortress (Roman fortification), covers a very small area. Now it is one of the largest cities in the world. London in the English language — one of the most important commercial, cultural and tourist centers in the world (commercial, cultural, tourist centre of the world). London Situated on the navigable river Thames (the Thames), which crosses the south-west to the east. The capital of Great Britain is very rich history, full of all sorts of events. I would like to mention two of the most unfortunate: the Great Plague (the Great Plague) in 1665, which claimed over 60 000 lives, and the Great Fire of London (the Great Fire), severely damaged the city.
The gradual expansion of London contributed to the fact that he does not have a single main center. There are several, and each has its own specific character. Traditionally, the area of London in the English language is divided into 4 main parts: the City (the City), Westminster (Westminster), West End (the West-End), east end (the East-End). Let us briefly consider each of them.
The City — it is the «heart» of London in the English language, its trade and business center. In this part of the capital placed banks (eg, Bank of England), offices (offices), firms (firms), trust companies (trusts), London Stock Exchange (the Stock Exchange), that is all that is associated with the business life of the city. On the territory of the City is the residence of the Lord Mayor of London (the Mansion of London); Fleet Street (Fleet Street) — street, representing the center of the British newspaper industry.
The City of London is also the historical core of the capital. Among the first historic monuments (historic buildings) stands the fortress — the Tower of London (the Tower of London), built in 1087. Tower at the time was not only the fortress (fortress), but also a royal residence (royal palace), prison (prison), the royal treasury (king’s treasury). Now it is a museum (museum of armour), which stores royal regalia (Crown jewels). Another attraction of London in the English language is the Cathedral of St. Paul (St. Paul’s Cathedral), built by the famous architect Christopher Wren (Christopher Wren) in the 1675-1708 biennium.
To the west of the City is Westminster. This historic and very important area of London has on its territory of such prominent buildings as the Westminster Abbey (Westminster Abbey) and the Westminster Palace (The Palace of Westminster), known as the House of the British Parliament (the Houses of Parliament). This palace complex with its famous clock tower Big Ben is the hallmark of London in the English language. Westminster Abbey is a unique Gothic church (church), in which nearly all crowned kings and queens of England (to crown a king or queen). Also buried in the Abbey of many prominent figures of the country, writers, artists, poets (among them Dickens, Chaucer, Shakespeare, Byron, and others.).
The West End — London, bursting with well-being and luxury (part of wealth and luxury). Here you will find theaters and concert halls (theatres and concert halls), museums and galleries (museums and galleries), universities and high-end shops (universities and fashionable shopping centres). Trafalgar Square (Trafalgar Square), Buckingham Palace (Buckingham Palace) are also in the West End.
The opposite of the previous London in English is The East End, which is the industrial area of London full of factories (factories), plants (plants), markets (markets), workshops (workshops).
The sights and interesting places in London for a great variety of English, all will not tell. If you are interested in this topic, and you want to know more about the capital of the UK, contact the remarkable book satin VF, «Read and speak about Britain and the British».