In Learners By Catherine

Key phrases and grammar to resume

For a start I will say a few words about the difference between the terms Resumé and CV (Curriculum Vitae). Resumé — is an American term, and CV is used by the British and Americans. For the British CV is a summary of the ordinary with well-known sections. For Americans, the CV is more comprehensive document in comparison with the addition of classic Resumé and includes such sections as Awards (Awards), Publications (publications), Research experience (research experience), Memberships (Membership in associations / organizations) etc . How to name your resume? If you are applying to the British or European company, select the term Curriculum Vitae. If the US — that, of course, Resumé. Well, if you simply place your resume on sites of employment, it will again Curriculum Vitae, as you are in the European part of the world.

Go to the section summary. Standard job, as mentioned in the article «Sample CV in English ‘, includes the following main sections: Personal information (Personal Information), Work experience or Professional experience (Experience), Education or Educational background (Education), Additional skills (Additional skills) and References (recommendations). Optionally, you can include sections Objective (your goal, that the work to which you aspire) and Interests. Personally, I also recommend that section Personal qualifications (personal characteristics), in which you can give a short description of themselves as individuals and their work style.

Personal information

Columns to be filled as follows:

  • Name (first name and then last name. Specify them as much as possible as they are written in your passport)
  • Birth date
  • Nationality (optional)
  • Marital status (optional, but it is better to specify)
  • Address
  • Phone number
  • Email

Personal qualities

Next, I recommend further section Personal qualifications, in which you should briefly describe yourself as a person, your strengths and your work style. Some expressions that can be used in this section:

  • Motivated individual who demonstrates …
  • Results-oriented professional with a successful record of …
  • Able to work under pressure
  • Able to work efficiently both individually and in a team
  • Major strengths include …
  • Excellent communication skills
  • Attention to detail
  • Competence in …
  • Punctuality
  • Respect for …
  • Computer and Internet literate
  • Strong persuasion skills
  • Conflict management skills
  • Problem-solving skills
  • Strong analytical thinking
  • Impressive computer skills including …
  • Superior presentation skills
  • Creative
  • Flexible
  • Eager to learn

Work experience

The next partition should be Work experience or Professional experience, which can also be called Work history or Professional career. Work experience and Work history contains all your work experience and the Professional experience or Professional career includes only what is directly related to your profession. In the latter case, after Professional experience / Professional career when necessary, section Additional work experience, which includes work experience, not related to your professional activity (for example, if you — the financier, the additional work experience — this experience as a nanny, tutor, waiter , etc.). When you are describing two of his last place of employment, include a description of Key responsibilities (main duties) that you were / are. Employers interested to know what exactly you respond to their posts. In addition, in the description of your last job would not hurt, and Highlights (main achievements).

The key phrase in this section:

  • Position
  • Years employed
  • Responsibilities / Key responsibilities
  • Highlights (optional)

In preparing this section, remember that it is important to maintain the same registration of all items and the ability to use the same part of speech to describe your key responsibilities on a particular job. For example, My Key responsibilities in the penultimate place of work:

  • Teaching English as a foreign language
  • Teaching Russian as a foreign language
  • Devising various teaching materials, OHTs, visual aids
  • Participation in composition and publishing of methodological ELT editions

As you can see, I used the nouns and gerunds to describe their key responsibilities. Misfiled would be the following:

  • Teaching English as a foreign language
  • Taught Russian as a foreign language
  • Devised various teaching materials, OHTs, visual aids
  • Participation in composition and publishing of methodological ELT editions

Here we see an illegal mixture of nouns, verbs in the Past Simple and the gerund. Of course, all these grammatical forms can be used in describing the Key responsibilities / Highlights, but I recommend using nouns and gerunds for Key responsibilities, and Past Simple — for Highlights. You also need to pay attention to punctuation. In the listing at the end of each item with a semicolon, and the following paragraph begins with a lowercase letter.

Some expressions that will help you in the preparation of Key responsibilities and Highlights (verb / noun or gerund):

  • To implemen t / implementation
  • To develop / development
  • To design / design
  • To devise / devising
  • To participate in … / participation in …
  • To assist smb in … / assisting smb in …
  • To represent smb or smth / representing smb or smth
  • To monitor / monitoring
  • To supervise / supervising
  • To create / creating, creation
  • To compile / compilation
  • Successfully
  • Effectively


Pretty easy section, in which you want to list only your post-secondary education with relevant degrees and certificates. The key expression of this section:

  • Years attended
  • Bachelor’s degree in …
  • Master’s degree in …
  • PhD in …
  • Certificate in …
  • Specialist’s diploma in …
  • … (Eg English philology) department

Additional skills

These include language skills (language: level; for example, English: Advanced level), driving license, etc. Key Phrases:

  • Language skills
  • Elementary
  • Pre-intermediate
  • Intermediate
  • Upper-intermediate
  • Advanced
  • Native
  • Driving licence (BrE) or driver’s license (AmE)


If you wish to include in your resume, this section quite a brief listing of main interests, which can use the gerund. For example:

  • Travelling
  • Learning foreign languages
  • Dancing


Do not include the names and phone numbers of people who can give you advice if you post your resume on the Internet or a recruitment agency. Instead, use the phrase available upon request. When you file a summary of a particular position, it is desirable to provide contact information of two or three people who can recommend you. Of course, these people need to be aware that they can call and ask about you, and you must be sure that they will give you a positive response. Example of References:

John Smith, CEO, DCT Publishing, Ltd. + 34- 020-7654 3210, [email protected]

Actually, this compilation resume ends. Check it for grammar and spelling errors or typos, do not forget to highlight in bold or italic, and insert the key moments of their photograph taken in a business setting. After that, feel free to publish it or to submit interesting job. Good luck!

Additional Information

  • Sample resumes, including various types, from the American point of view —
  • Examples of CV from the American point of view —
  • Building a resume to work in the UK —
  • Useful information about the sections and summary execution c British perspective —



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