In Grammar By Victoria

Isolating issues in English

Isolating issues in English or in another «tag-questions», in my opinion, are the most interesting category of questions. These issues consist of two parts: the question itself and a small echo question (tag), thanks to which is now called the dividing issues in English. In fact, in this type of issues do not split, but only confirms or denies.

Separating questions asked in English if we want to express doubt, surprise. We ask these questions not just for information, but with the aim of gaining agree or disagree with the statements. Depending on this question for our brief «tag» will be translated in different ways does not it? is not it? OK? Yes? etc.

A great advantage of the dividing issues in the English language is a direct order of words in the English sentence. That is quite possible to be assured that you are wrong to build interrogative sentence. Just leave a declarative sentence in its original form, but the end … This is a kind of net and dividing the proposals in the English language. The fact that every sentence will have its own «tag», i.e. short question. And in order to know exactly what is necessary to remember a few rules. At this point, and there is confusion, which causes difficulties in the process of creating dividing issues in English.

What the components of the dividing issues in English?

As I mentioned, the first part of the question of the separation in the English language is a declarative sentence that can be both positive and negative. From this and will depend on the second part of the question. In this case, it triggered the rule «attraction of opposites.» If a whole tone offers affirmative, «tag» will be negative and vice versa. This should be remembered always be very careful, because in the English language has a kind of trap that can be confusing.

If you see a statement containing words neither (no, none), no (no), none, no one, nobody (no), nothing (nothing), scarcely, barely, hardly ever (barely, hardly), seldom (low when) and something like that, remember that this proposal is negative, so the «tail in the form of short questions,» it will be positive.

Sam «tag» is an auxiliary verb and the subject in the form of the personal pronoun. If you have a positive proposal and to create a separation issue in English, you need to add a negative short question at the end, take a brief negative form of the auxiliary verb and the subject in the form of the personal pronoun.

— You usually start your work at 8 am, do not you? — Do you usually start work at eight, right?

Nina can not speak French, can she? — Nina does not speak French, right?

He has not got a pen, has he? — He does not handle, right?

You can always trust me, can not you? — You can always trust me, okay?

They never argue with me, do they? — They never do not argue with me, do not you?

Jane did not come to the exhibition, did she? — Jane did not come to the exhibition, is not it?

We are going to see the parents tomorrow, are not we? — Tomorrow we are going to visit his parents, right?

You have not been to Kiev, have you? — You’ve never been in Kiev, am I right?

He is not lazy, is he? — He’s not lazy, right?

Kate will not date Kim, will she? — Kate will not go on a date with Kim, right?

I am crazy, are not I? — I’m crazy, right?

Nobody called for me, did they? — No me did not go, do not you?

Nothing could be worse, could it? — What could be worse, huh?

As you probably noticed, the formation of the dividing issues in the English language has its own small exceptions.

  1. If the proposal subject and predicate «I am», then it sounds a short question «are not I», as if it did not sound suspicious.
  2. If the subject is expressed words of anyone, everybody, somebody, and so on, the «tail» is the pronoun «they» — they are. For example:

    Everyone was happy, were not they? — Everyone was happy, right?

  3. The proposal, which begins with motivation «let’s (let us)» — let’s short question will look like «shall we?». For example:

    Let’s start, shall we? — Let’s start, right?

In the proposals, expressing a request, order, decree, «tag» — will you, will not you, can you, could you. For example:

Please, shut the door, will you? — Please, close the door, okay? or Pay attention, would you? — Be careful, okay?

The proposals, calls not to do anything, «tag» — will you. For example:

Do not be late, will you? — Do not be late, okay?

The same question will be short and constructs sentences with «let me» (let me, let me, let me) and «let him / her» (let him / her, let him / her). For example:

Let me stand up, will you? — Let me post, right?

The difficulty of separating the issues in the English language is in the selection of the correct question in the short end of the sentence. If you deal with it easily, then this type of questions in English, you conquer.



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