Ireland (Ireland [aɪrlənd]) — island (island), located to the north-east of continental Europe. The third largest in Europe and the twentieth in the world, the island is separated from Britain by the Irish Sea (the Irish Sea).
Ireland — no one country. On the island there are two independent states — the Republic of Ireland (the Republic of Ireland), which takes about 5/6 square and Northern Ireland (Northern Ireland), which is part of the United Kingdom and is located in the north-east. The population of Ireland is approximately 6.4 million. Of these, 4.6 million live in the Republic of Ireland, and only 1.8 million — in Northern Ireland.
The climate (climate)
The mild oceanic climate (oceanic climate), Mountain (low mountains) and the absence of sudden changes in temperature (temperature drops) contribute to the lush (lush vegetation) on the island. Until the 17th century, the dense forests (thick forests) covered most of the area of Ireland, but now, as a result of human activity, virtually all forests have disappeared (deforested).
Famous characters (famous symbols)
Symbol of Ireland is the harp, strings, which give rise to the world-renowned Celtic music, Celtic cross (the Celtic cross) and a sheet of white clover — Shamrock (Shamrock). Also, the country is home to a fantastic character leprechaun (leprechaun) — a small, stocky man in green robes.
Most of the (majority) of the population are Catholics (Catholics) — 88%.
Dublin (Dublin) was founded (was founded) by the Vikings in 988 BC .. The original name — Dubh Linn (from the Irish dubh — black and linn — creek, pond).
Ireland — a bilingual (bilingual) country. The population speaks two languages - English (English) and Irish (Irish). The Irish language belongs to the Celtic language group with Indo-European roots and also called Gaelic (Gaelic). For a long time the country was under the control of Britain, and the local language almost ceased to be used, with the exception of some areas in the west of Ireland. After the independence of the Irish Free State in 1922, the government sought to restore the use of the Irish language community. He began teaching at the school, and use along with English in the public record-keeping, road signs and so on. D. However, English is still basic (sommonly used) language of the country. Only in a small part of the territory, called the Gaeltacht and is located along the west coast, the Irish are in daily use (in everyday use). A 1995 national survey found that only 5% of Irish people often use the Irish language, and only 2% consider it their native language (native tongue). However, more than 30% of the population claims that in varying degrees, speak Gaelic.
Irish accent (Irish accent)
Irish English — singing and music, and there it is something fascinating, akin to crashing waves, wind howling and overflow harp strings. And while in Ireland speak brilliant English, Irish accent is ineradicable. And the main reason for that — the effect of overriding a long time Irish (Irish).
An example of differences from other native speakers may be that the Irish noises th [θ, ð]. They did not bother to manipulation of language and blowing air between his teeth, but simply replaced to t (thud) or d (voiced sound). Thus, the phrase «So do you see the thirty trees over there? That’s right! «Sounds like» So do ya see the tirty trees over dere? Dat’s right! «.
Also, respect the Irish vowels (vowels). Unlike the Germanic and Slavic languages, where possible jumble of consonants without a single vowel in the English word of Irish film, for example, will sound like a fill-um, and Colm Irish name it consists of two syllables.
Features of Irish English (Peculiarities of Irish English)
Naturally, the Irish version of English has its own features.
For example, instead of having to speak in any language, the Irish have it. Instead say, «I speak Irish» (I speak in Irish), the Irishman says «I have Irish».
Or, instead of «to have just done» to mean only that the completed action in Ireland say «to be after doing». For example: I’m after finding a euro on the road! = I’ve just found a euro on the road.
Another interesting feature is the fact that many Irish people do not use the word yes (yes) and no (no). Instead, simply repeat the verb of the question. (Can you swim? — I can! Do you like tomato juice? — I do not).
Irish proverb (Irish Proverbs)
The Irish are renowned for their discernment and sense of humor. Proof of this are the sayings of the Emerald Isle.
Man is incomplete until he marries. After that, he is finished. — Man is imperfect as long as married. After that, it is finished.
What butter and whiskey will not cure, there is no cure for. — That will not cure the butter and whiskey, can not be cured at all.
Three things come without asking: fear, jealousy, and love. — Three things come without asking — fear, jealousy and love.
It is sweet to drink but bitter to pay for. — A sweet drink, but bitter to pay for. (Gently Lays so hard to sleep.)
Idleness is a fool’s desire. — Idleness — the desire to fool.
A diplomat must always think twice before he says nothing. — Diplomat should think twice before you say nothing.
A change of work is as good as a rest. — Shift work is as good as a rest.
Cheerfulness is a sign of wisdom. — Cheerfulness — a sign of wisdom.
Listen to the sound of the river and you will get a trout. — Listen to the sound of the river and you will get a trout.
Fun Facts about Ireland (Fun facts about Ireland)
And finally, some interesting facts about this wonderful country:
- The longest name in Ireland owned by the town Muckanaghederdauhaulia, located in County Galway.
- The ancient Irish tradition — the birthday celebrant to turn, raise his legs several times and gently hit the floor for good luck. The number of strokes must match the child’s age plus one year.
- Traditional treatment for a hangover (hangover cure) Irish: bury suffering in the wet river sand up to his neck. (I’ll just take the hangover, thanks. :-))
- In the old days, the pig is often allowed to live in the house with his family on an Irish farm. His (or her) is usually called «the gentleman who pays the rent» (the gentleman who pays the rent).
- The most revered saint in Ireland — Patrick (St. Patrick) was not the most educated man, and say, ashamed of their weak skills in the letter.
- James Joyce (James Joyce) once called the Irish dark beer Guinness «wine in Ireland.»
- The Titanic was built in the north of Ireland.
- The number of sheep living on the Emerald Isle, is greater than its population. In 2010, it amounted to about 8 million. Even traffic jams, as seen in the video, there are precisely because they 🙂