In Grammar By Victoria

Imperative in English — imperative mood

As is known, in English there are three moods (moods): indicative (indicative mood), subjunctive (subjunctive mood) and imperative (imperative mood). Imperative in English expresses incentive to action, which is indicated by the form of orders, requests, advice, invitations, prohibition, command, etc. For example:

Give me this magazine. — Give me the magazine.

Forms imperative verb in the English language: examples and rules

Now let’s see how imperative verb forms in English.

  1. Affirmative forma.1. This form of the imperative verb in the English language is represented by the infinitive without the particle to, ie, the form recorded in the dictionary. Subject in such sentences there. Normally, orders, requests, etc. addressed to the second face as singular and plural forms.
  2. Stand up! — Arise (those)!

    Go on writing! — Continue (ones) to write!

    Stop talking! — Stop (those) to talk!

    If we need to refer to the first or third person to the aid of the verb let (let), followed by a direct object (noun or pronoun). This addition defines the person who gave orders or who are asking for anything. It completes the construction of the verb infinitive without the particle to.

    Let him behave this way! — Let it behaves this way!

    Let me buy you a present! — Let me buy you a gift!

    Let them help you! — Let them help you!

    Trying to express the call or invitation to a joint action for the formation of such a form of the imperative in the English language used construction let us (let’s). Translating it is the word «let» or entirely omitted.

    Let’s join them! — Let’s join them!

    Let’s discuss an urgent question! — Let’s discuss an important issue!

    Let’s play football! — Let’s play football!

  3. If we are talking about banning anything, we turn to the negative form of the imperative mood in English. It is created with the help of the auxiliary verb to do in the imperative mood and negative particle not, followed by the verb infinitive without to. It turns out do not (do not).
  4. Do not use cellphones here! — Do not use cell phones here!

    Do not close the door! — Do not close the door!

    Do not let her believe his words! — Do not let her believe him!

  5. Polite imperative form of the English language is expressed by the word please (please), which stands at the beginning or end of a sentence.
  6. Come to me, please! — Come to me, please!

    Do not share this information with him, please! — Do not tell him about the information, please!

    Please, give me some money! — Please, give me some money!

  7. Finally, we mention an enhanced form of the imperative mood in English. In this case, we put the verb to do before the verb in the imperative mood.
  8. Do read this book! — Be sure to read this book!

    Do stand up! — Yes, can you rise up!

    Do forgive me, please; I did not want to offend you! — Well, procto me, please, I do not mean to offend you!

When forming the imperative mood in English, you need to use two verbs place between Union and:

Go and tell him to come back! — Go and tell him to come back!

If there is an adverb always (always), and never (never), place them in front of semantic verbs:

Always be ready to take your words back! — Always be prepared to take it back!



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