The verbs in the English language, as well as in Russian, have a grammatical category as time (Tense), which expresses the ratio of the time described the situation in his speech at the time of pronouncing statements. In this case, the statement itself is a point of reference. There is a classification, according to which we have absolute and relative time. First determines whether the action at the time of the speech, precedes or follows it. Thus, we have three categories of the times: the present (present), past (past) and the future (future). Relative same time points as the action is not correlated with the moment of the speech, and the other reference point, or another action. And here we have the precedence (anteriority) at the same time (simultaneity).
The number of times in English
Even after reading the previous paragraph, you can never determine how many times in English. In fact, this issue is quite controversial, as has still not decided whether all vidovremennyh forms include the total number of times, or do only the basic concepts. It seems to me the question, «How many times in the English language?» Can be called a rhetorical, since the answer to it is not. Rather, the answers are many, and each one can be right.
First of all, I would like to note that as such, the time in the English language are three: the past (past), the present (present) and the future (future). That is an absolute time in the English language is expressed fully. To this classification we are used to, as in the Russian language, we are seeing the same picture. The difficulty arises when we go into the study vidovremennyh verb forms in English. At each of these times there is also a sub-4, determined not when the action takes place, as well as a simple (simple / indefinite), long-term (continuous), perfect (perfect), committed long (perfect continuous).
By simple math, we see that in the English twelve times. It is necessary to emphasize that we are talking about the time of the actual (active) pledge. The passive voice vidovremennyh some form there, so the time and this is a guarantee of eight. Moreover, some to answer the question «How many times in the English language?» Not only add up the two forms of collateral, but add here the same shape, called «Future-The-Past», which are used in indirect speech. I would not do that, as well as take into account the form of two pledges. Still, it’s a different classification.
What do we have? What is the exact number of times in the English language? Total turns twelve (passive voice, as agreed, we do not take). Here’s a list of them:
- Present Indefinite / Simple — This simple
- Present Continuous / Progressive — This long
- Present Perfect — Present Perfect
- Present Perfect Continuous / Progressive — This brand-long
- Past Indefinite / Simple — Past simple
- Past Continuous / Progressive — Past long
- Past Perfect — Past Perfect
- Past Perfect Continuous / Progressive — Past Perfect-long
- Future Indefinite / Simple — Future simple
- Future Continuous / Progressive — The future of long-term
- Future Perfect — Future Perfect
- Future Perfect Continuous / Progressive — Future brand-long
To make it easier to navigate how many times in the English language, I encourage you to submit this information in a summary table. Then you can easily find it takes you time, but also to see those patterns that they possess. On our site you will find this table, see «Table of the English language.» Learn the English language gradually, in this case, you will not have any difficulties!