Holidays are part of the culture of any country. Therefore, by studying a particular language, you will inevitably come across lingvostranovedcheskogo information. After all, know English at a decent level is impossible if you do not know the culture, characteristics and traditions of his native country of the language. In this article we will touch on holidays (holidays) in English, but since the holidays and traditions are closely linked, I recommend reading this article and «The English tradition of the English language» in the complex.
What are the holidays in English?
Here’s a definition of the word holiday offers us encyclopedia Wikipedia: A holiday is a day designated as having special sidnificance for which individuals, a government, or a religious group has deemed that observation is warranted. In other words, this day, the events which for some reason deserve to remember them. And also a day of joy and celebration, which traditionally accepted happily spend time to organize ceremonies, parties, etc.
The word holiday comes from the combination of two words holy day (holy day). Initially, the holiday is called religious festivals (religious festivals). Now it is accepted to divide the holidays in English on the following categories: religious (religious holidays), official (official public holidays) and informal (non-official holidays) holidays.
In each country there is a list of holidays all three categories. But as we learn the English language, and talk about the holidays in English in two English-speaking countries — the United Kingdom (Great Britain) and the USA (The United States of America). Materials for the holidays of these countries in English is very much — in the pages of books and encyclopedias on all kinds of Internet resources. In short, there is a lack of information. We only briefly mention the main important dates for residents of England and America.
Official holidays in the English language in the United Kingdom are called bank holidays, which are official holidays for workers in all spheres of activity. Three of these have fixed the dates of the holiday: Christmas — Christmas on December 25; Boxing Day — Boxing Day, December 26th; New Year’s Day — New Year’s Eve, December 31st. The rest falls on different dates each year: Good Friday — Good Friday, Friday in Holy Week; Easter Monday — 1st Monday after Easter; May Day — 1st Monday in May; Spring bank holiday — the last Monday in May; Summer bank holiday — the last Monday in August, or 1st Monday in September.
In the United States, official holidays in English called national holidays. These include: New Year’s Day; Lincoln’s Birthday — birthday of Abraham Lincoln, February 2; Wasington’s Birthday — the birthday of George Washington, February 22; Independence Day — Independence Day, July 4; Thanksgiving Day — Thanksgiving Day 4th Thursday of November; Christmas .
Here are the holidays in English, which are also present in the cultures of America and England:
- St. Valentine’s Day (February 14) — Valentine’s Day, Valentine’s Day
- April Fools ‘Day / All Fools’ Day (April 1) — All Fools Day, when the cheat and fool each other.
- Easter — Easter (2010 — April 4) — A religious festival in honor of the resurrection of Jesus Christ (Jesus Christ Resurrection)
- Mother’s Day (America — 2nd Sunday of May, Angliya- March 14) — Mother’s Day
- Father’s Day (the third Sunday in June) — Father’s Day
- Halloween (October 31) — All Saints Day (All Saints’ Day)
Remembrance Sunday (Sunday of November 2) — Remembrance Sunday. In the UK this Sunday is dedicated to Armistice Day — Armistice Day. The churches are the memorial service for soldiers who fell during the 1st and 2nd World Wars. And on November 11 at 11 am in the country 2-minute silence in memory of the victims. In America, November 11th is known as Veteran’s Day, which honors the memory of all veterans who participated in any war.
Among the most famous events in English, which is celebrated in Albion, also noted:
- Burns’ Night (25 January) — Birthday of Robert Burns, Scotland’s national poet
- St. Patrick’s Day (March 17) — St. Patrick’s Day, the saint, the patron saint of Ireland
- St. David’s Day (March 1) — St. David’s Day, the patron saint of Wales
And, of course, the birthday of the monarch of Great Britain. Queen Elizabeth II was born on April 21 but the event is traditionally held on the second Saturday of June.
Among the most significant events in the English language in the United States would like to note:
- Election Day — election day (1st Tuesday in November)
- Martin Luther King Day — the day of Martin Luther King, the black civil rights (the third Monday in January)
- Presidents’ Day — the day the presidents of the United States (February 15)
Holidays in English and not very important, a lot! Try to learn the history you enjoy the holiday and make this date in your personal calendar. So you’re always ready to congratulate the foreign interlocutor with an important date for him!