This article is the third in the series «Seasons in the English language.» It is dedicated to the future of time in the English language, as well as various methods of expression thereof. We all know that the future of time in English — is a grammatical category, which demonstrates that the event will take place only (not before, not during, and after the call). In English, there are four times for the expression of the future, as well as several structures that serve the same purpose. Here we try to figure out what to choose to express future time in the English language in a particular case.
As the image of the future time in English
Take a look at the time table of the English language and, by analogy with the already mentioned from time to time present and past define what Future Forms in English presented in four aspects: Future Simple (future simple), Future Continuous (Future long), Future Perfect (future perfect), and Future Perfect Continuous (Future perfect long). The last two are used, or very rarely, or not at all used. Construction of these times is quite bulky and heavy, so the speaker to rephrase the sentence easier than creating «indigestible» option.
Future Tenses rules are simple and easy to apply. The most common times for the expression of the future are the first two options. They differ only in that in the first case, the action will not occur in the process, that is durable. Basically, it’s the same difference as that between the ages of Present Simple and Present Continuous, but the plane is not present, and the future tense.
To create a sentence in English in the future tense Future Simple, we need only remember two auxiliary verb — shall and will, joined by the main verb infinitives. Initially the rule states that will used in all the faces except the first («I» and «we»). They also were told to write shall. Recently, the English-speaking population will get the hand to use for all individuals, all the more so in that the reduction shall, it will look like ‘ll, that is, or I’ll She’ll. So if you remember only the will, do not worry — put it. In setting shall issue and will take up the position at the beginning of sentences. But in a negative form, they are added to a particle not, which forms with them the following short forms: will not = will not; shall not = shall not.
Basically it is a future time in the English language is used in cases where:
- we want to express once an act in the future. We come to the aid of the word — markers (tomorrow, next week, next year, soon, some day, in two days, in a month, in a year).
It will be warm in two days. — After two days will be warm.
- we want to express the regular, repetitive actions in the future.
I shall write to you every week. — I’ll write to you every week.
- we need to introduce a series of successive operations.
We’ll call for you, take a taxi and go to the party. — We’ll pick you up, call a taxi and go to a party.
- decision to take action in the future, it was decided at the time of the call.
Oh! Our fridge is empty. I ‘ll go and buy some food. — ABOUT! We have in the fridge is empty. I’ll go buy something to eat.
Time Future Continuous formed a little more complicated: the auxiliary verb to be in time Future Simple (shall be / will be), followed by the main verb participle I, that is, to form — ing. Therefore, if the issue only shall / will submitted in the beginning of the sentence (not be), and in the formulation of negation particle not stand between shall / will and be. Take the time for service, if you aspire to:
- show that the action is in the process at some point in the future. As a point in the future may be a factor of time.
In two hours we shall be writing a composition at the exam. — After two hours, we will write an essay on the exam.
- show that you predict this action in the future.
My husband will be worrying about me if I am late. — My husband will worry me, if I come too late.
On the third and fourth time, I want to say a few words. These future times in the English language are used infrequently. To create a Future Prefect, you need the following manipulation: the auxiliary verb have in the Future Simple — shall / will have, which adds to the sense of the verb participle II, that is, either in the form — ed, any word from the third column of the table of irregular verbs. It displays the time of the action that runs until a certain point in the future. For example:
By the end of the year I will have spent all the money I’ve earned. — By the end of the year I spend all the money earned.
Future Perfect Continuous requires the verb to be in the form of an early age, that is, shall / will have been, but still I Basic plus participle of the verb, that is, to form — ing. We need to know what the future is present in the English language, but still try to replace it with something else. For example, rebuilding a phrase and use one of the following ways.
As you can see, it’s simple. Typically, those who diligently learning English, the future does not pose any difficulty.
Other ways of expressing future time in the English language
Share some future time in the English language will help you time Present Continuous, which is necessary if the action has been planned in advance and will certainly take place in the near future.
Are you waiting for us? We are coming tonight. — Are you waiting for us? We arrive in the evening.
In this case, we are talking about someone’s personal plans. But to express impersonal plans, and any schedules, the program approach and a simple moment — Present Simple.
The train arrives at 15.54. — The train will come to 15.54.
Note also the most popular designs to be going + infinitive, which is used quite often, especially in everyday speech. It displays the speaker’s intention to perform or accomplish something in the future.
I am going to travel around the world. — I’m going to travel around the world.
Using the knowledge gained from this article, you are in any situation to share their plans with someone, expressing them in the form of the future tense in English.
This topic is closely related to the other as described in the articles that need to pay attention:
- «Time Future Simple (simple future)»
- «Time Future Continuous (Future for a long time)»
- «Time Future Perfect (future perfect tense)»
- «Time Future Perfect Continuous»
- «The phrase be going to in the English language»
After reading them, we recommend to pass the following test: «The test for the use of the future tense in English.»